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1983年10月1日和1995年11月1日协会船舶定期保险条款/郭国汀译

1983年10月1日和1995年11月1日协会船舶定期保险条款
   “本保险受英国法律和惯例的制约”
   第1条 航海条款(Navigation)

   1 NAVIGATION
    1.1 The Vessel is covered subject to the provisions of this insurance at all times and has leave to sail or navigate with or without pilots, to go on trial trips and to assist and tow vessels or craft in distress, but it is warranted that the Vessel shall not be towed, except as is customary or to the first safe port or place when in need of assistance, or undertake towage or salvage services under a contract previously arranged by the Assured and /or Owners and/or Managers and/or Charterers. This clause 1.1 shall not exclude customary towage in connection with loading and discharging.
   1 航海
   1.1 保险船舶在所有时间根据本保险的各项规定承保,并许可在有或没有引航员的情况下开航或航行,试航及协助、拖带遇险船舶或驳船,但保证保险船舶不得被拖带,除非是习惯性的,或当需要协助时被拖带至第一个安全港口或地点,也不得根据被保险人、船舶所有人、管理人和/或承租人事先安排的合同从事拖带或救助服务。但本1.1款不排险与装卸有关的习惯拖带。
   本条清楚地规定保险船舶在所有的时间均受承保,包括无论是否有引航员的开航或航行,进行试航及对遇险的其他船舶或驳船提供协助。不过,它保证保险船舶不得被拖带,除非当需要协助时,且仅至第一个安全港口或地点。至于什么是第一个安全港口或地点,一般认为这应根据所有的事实进行解释,“第一个安全港口”不一定是距离最近的港口,而应按照该港口的整体和实际情况,根据船舶修理和其他要求的设施,最适宜接收该船舶的地点。本条明确规定该保证并不排除习惯性拖带,例如进出港口或码头或与装卸有关的拖带。本条进一步保证保险船舶不得根据预先安排的合同提供拖带或救助服务。
   1.2 The insurance shall not be prejudiced by reason of the Assured entering into any contract with pilots or for customary towage which limits or exempts the liability of the pilots and/or tugs and /or towboats and/or their owners when the Assured or their agents accept or are compelled to accept such contracts in accordance which established local law or practice.
   13 The practice of engaging helicopters for the transportation of personnel, supplies and equipment to and/ or from the Vessel shall not prejudice this insurance.
   1.2 本保险不因被保险人签订限制或免除引航员和/或拖船和/或其所有人责任的引航或习惯性拖带的任何合同而受损害,如果被保险人或其代理人根据既定的当地法律或惯例接受或被迫接受此种合同。(1995年新增)
   1.3 雇用直升飞机向保险船舶运送和/或从保险船舶运出人员、供应品或设备不损害本保险。
   这两款是1995年新增加的,虽然以相似术语的放任条款(permissive)过去时常应被保险人或其经纪人的要求插入保险单。当然众所周知,船长或船舶代理通常别无选择,只能接受以免除或限制提供服务者责任的雇用引航员、拖轮和直升飞机服务的合同。签订此种合同的后果是削弱或消灭保险人的代位追偿权,因此这些新条款受到欢迎,因为他们明确了被保险人的地位不会因他们接受此种合同条款而受到损害。
   1.4 In the event of the Vessel being employed in trading operations which entail cargo loading or discharging at sea from or into another vessel (not being a harbour or inshore craft)no claim shall be recoverable under this insurance for loss of or damage to the Vessel or liability to any other vessel arising from such loading or discharging operations, including whilst approaching, lying alongside and leaving , unless previous notice that the Vessel is to be employed in such operations has been given to the Underwriters and any amended terms of cover and any additional premium required by them have been agreed.
   1.4 若保险船舶被雇用于在海上将货物装卸入他船(非港口或近岸驳船)或自他船装卸入本船的商业作业,由于此种装卸作业,包括两船驶近、并排停靠和驶离,造成保险船舶的灭失或损害或对他船的责任,不得根据本保险索赔,除非保险船舶被雇用于此种作业前已通知保险人,且已同意保险人要求的修改承保条件及任何附加的保险费。
   1.5 In the event of the Vessel sailing (with or without cargo) with an intention of being(a) broken up, or (b) sold for breaking up, any claim for loss of or damage to the Vessel occurring subsequent to such sailing shall be limited to the market value of the Vessel as scrap at the time when the loss or damage is sustained, unless previous notice has been given to the Underwriters and any amendments to the terms of cover, insured value and premium required by them have been agreed. Nothing in this Clause 1.5 shall affect claims under Clauses 8 and/or 10.
   1.5 如果保险船舶开航(不论有无货载)旨有(a)拆船,或(b)为拆船而出售,那么对保险船舶在此种开航后发生的灭失或损害的任何索赔,应限于船舶灭失和损坏时报废船的市场价值,除非事先已通知保险人,并已同意修改保险条款,保险价值和保险人要求的保险费。本1.5款不影响根据第8条和/或第11条的索赔。
   第2条 延续条款(Continuation)
   1995年条款用语为:
   2 CONTINUATION
   Should the Vessel at the expiration of this insurance be at sea and in distress or missing, she shall, provided notice be given to the Underwriters prior to the expiration of this insurance, be held covered until arrival at the next port in good safety, or if in port and in distress until the Vessel is made safe , at a pro rata monthly premium.
   延续。如果在本保险期届满时,保险船舶在海上遇险或失踪,若在本保险期限届满以前已通知保险人,船舶将被继续承保,直至安全抵达下一个港口;或者如果保险船舶在港内并遇险,则直至保险船舶变得安全时,超期保险费按月比例支付。
   1983年条款措辞为:
   2 CONTINUATION
   Should the Vessel at the expiration of this insurance be at sea or in distress or at a port of refuge or of call, she shall, provided previous notice be given to the Underwriters, be held covered at a pro rata monthly premium to her port of destination.
   延续。如果在本保险期届满时,保险船舶在海上或在遇险中,或在避难港,或在中途港,若事先通知保险人,并按月比例支付超期保险费,船舶将被继续承保直至抵达目的港为止。
   第3条 违反保证条款(Breach of warranty)
   3 Held covered in case of any breach of warranty as to cargo, trade, locality, towage, salvage services or date of sailing, provided notice be given to the Underwriters immediately after receipt of advices and any amended terms of cover and any additional premium required by them be agreed.
    当任何有关货物、贸易、船位、拖带、救助服务或开航日期的保证被违反时,若被保险人知悉后立即通知保险人,并同意保险人要求的承保条款的任何修改及附加保险费,本保险继续有效。
   第4条 船级条款(Classification)
   4 CLASSIFICATION
    4.1 It is the duty of the Assured, Owners and Managers at the inception of and throughout the period of this insurance to ensure that
    4.1.1 the Vessel is classed with a Classification Society agreed by the Underwriters and that her class within that Society is maintained,
    4.1.2 any recommendations requirements or restrictions imposed by the Vessel’s Classification Society which relate to the Vessel’s seaworthiness or to her maintenance in a seaworthy condition are complied with by the dates required by that Society .
    4.2 In the event of any breach of the duties set out in Clause 4.1 above, unless the Underwriters agree to the contrary in writing, they will be discharged from liability under the insurance as from the date of the breach provided that if the Vessel is at sea at such date the Underwriters’ discharge from liability is deferred until arrival at her next port.
    4.3 Any incident condition or damage in respect of which the Vessel’s Classification Society might make recommendations as to repairs or other action to be taken by the Assured, Owners or Managers must be promptly reported to the Classification Society.
    4.4 Should the Underwriters wish to approach the Classification Society directly for information and /or documents, the Assured will provide the necessary authorization.
   4.1 被保险人、船舶所有人和管理人有义务在本保险责任开始和整个保险期间
   4.1.1 保险船舶在保险人同意的船级社入级并维持该船级社的船级,
   4.1.2 该船级社提出的有关船舶适航性或维持其适航条件的任何建议、要求或限制,应在该船级社要求的日期前执行。
   4.2 倘若发生对上述第4.1款规定的义务的任何违反,除非保险人另行书面同意,保险人得自违反之日起解除根据本保险的责任,但若当时保险船舶在海上,保险人延至其抵达下一港口时解除责任。
   4.3 对船级社可能建议被保险人修理或采取其他措施的任何事件、条件、损害,船舶所有人或管理人必须迅速报告给船级社。
   4.4 如果保险人要求直接向船级社取得信息和/或文件,被保险人应提供必要的授权。
   第5条 终止条款(Termination)

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