政党社团之声
[发表评论] [查看此文评论]    缅甸风云
[主页]->[政党社团之声]->[缅甸风云]->[貌强:Discussion on Contemporary Situation in Shan State with Sai Wansai of SDU]
BURMA-缅甸风云
·缅军誓要以果敢之血洗其臭脚
·缅甸温教授谈“联邦”
·看中国如何应对缅军逼民地武缴枪
·从果敢战事痛忆白华红华互屠
·Great! 世界宗教议会!
·缅甸内战源于大缅族极端主义背叛彬龙协议
·缅甸独裁将军们四两拨千斤
·谈昂山素姬首次访华
·昂山素姬与女强人妈推姬
·昂山素姬与女强人妈推姬
·缅甸将军们放下屠刀就立地成佛?
·缅甸学生七七惨案永不忘!
·煎炸烘烤动植物食品极不健康
·笑+思考+运动 = 健脑强身
·KNDO 六十七周年建军节讲话
·缅甸阿尔茨海默症
·缅甸CNF正义的呼声!
·缅甸EAO不忘小兄弟民族
·缅甸和平夜长梦多险恶
·怀念王毅诚老师
·湖南窃贼偷佛国玉坠
·缅甸众民族武装怒吼了 !
·克伦民族抵抗组织怒吼了
·韩国逍遥游
·登盛政府会平稳移交政权吗?
·寄厚望于昂山素姬新政府
·且看登盛军民政府如何逊位
·Q类败类在神州复活
·克伦民族节68周年讲话
·缅甸UNFC扩大会议文告
·赛万赛谈缅甸联邦
· 赛万赛谈缅军最近动向
·温教授继续炮轰缅甸将军们!
·赛万赛谈掸邦掸族团结自救
·缅甸老华人忆过去盼未来
·伟哉!一穷二白的缅甸佛国金塔善良村民!
·赛万赛谈缅甸新总统新副总统新政府
·上座部佛教与孟缅掸柬寮泰滇
·赛万赛谈缅甸联邦的过去和现在
·缅甸与大东亚共荣圈
·仰光大学与缅甸联邦独立
·“缅甸历次战争的实质”读后感
·灵魂工程师、未来主人翁、天下大同、天下为公
·7-JULY与母校仰大学运传欧
·缅甸德佑续游瑞列匈土
·赛万赛谈缅甸民地武大会
·赛万赛谈国内和平与中缅友好
·赛万赛谈昂山素姬访华
· 掸民盟昆吞武与中共宋涛面谈
·缅甸彬龙会议风波
·缅甸内战受害者的呼声
·21世纪彬龙会议举步艰难
·彬龙会议的石破天惊言行
·21世纪彬龙会议言论集
·缅甸UNFC柳暗花明又一村
·缅甸UNFC建议开三方会议
·让佛光普照大地
·缅甸不愿常任LDC欠发达国家
·对老怨天尤人者只好避而远之
·温教授呼吁正确认识缅甸
·赛万赛谈缅甸全国全面停战协议
·赛万赛谈缅甸议会补选与政局变化
·缅甸华人
·温教授谈Rohingya罗兴亚人
·温教授由七月七日惨案谈起
·赛万赛忆掸邦学友
·与掸族兄弟夜谈掸族掸国掸史
·游加拿大感概万千(一)
·游加拿大感概万千(二)
·游加拿大感概万千(三)
·游加拿大感概万千(四)
· 游加拿大感概万千
·廉萨空博士的暹粒讲话
·天主教生根缅甸已五百多年
·话说阿那比隆缅皇
·缅甸真的有135原住民吗?
·缅甸联邦第一任总统苏瑞泰
·读“此昂山非彼昂山”有感
·读“中国式思维”感概万千
·缅甸暹罗两大战争史
·话说缅甸佛塔
·暹王缅王储骑象单打独斗?
·缅甸人民跪求国泰民安
·印度缅甸友好史实
·昂山素姬祝贺孟邦民族节71周年
·缅甸合法左派政党史
·缅甸内战与白象王军演
·南洋伯谈骷髅头
·缅甸大部分人极贫困
·由仰光河底达摩悉迪铜钟谈起
·古老落后钦邦钦族在发奋图强
·蒲甘王朝与宋朝崇宁通宝
·蒲甘王朝与宋朝崇宁通宝
·唐朝骠国乐与缅甸王根绍画
·唐朝骠国乐与缅甸王根绍画
·唐朝骠国乐与缅甸王根绍画
·唐朝骠国乐与缅甸王根绍画
·保护儿童天赋权益
·发展与和平是大家共建共享
·愿爱心浩然正气长存人间
·缅甸史请再多读三分钟
[列出本栏目所有内容]
欢迎在此做广告
貌强:Discussion on Contemporary Situation in Shan State with Sai Wansai of SDU

   By: Maung Chan (Burma’s Chinese)

   Monday, 28th November 2005

   Sai Wansai is General Secretary of the Shan Democratic Union.Maung Chan is the distributor and the main responsible person for the “S.H.A.N. & Burma’s News Published by Burma’s Chinese”.

   Chan: Your nine Shan leaders have been sentenced to 79 to 106 years by the junta, that means they still must serve their sentences when they are reborn again in the next life? What crime have they committed?

   Wansai: Fabricated charges such as “defamation of the state”, “association with illegal parties” and “conspiracy against the state” are levelled against them.

   Chan: Haven’t the generals vowed solemnly that they are ruling the country according to the rule of law?

   Wansai: You can’t be serious with them. They have been twisting and bending the so-called rule of law according to their wits and whims.

   Chan: Why don’t the SSA North (SSA-N) come up with a statment or clarification publicly?

   Wansai: Perhaps, initially they thought this could worsen and complicate the matter unnecessarily and quite diplomacy might be more effective in trying to secure the release of their leaders. Besides, Maj-Gen Myint Hlaing, Commander of Lashio-based Northern Region Command in our Shan State cautioned the SSA-N not to make noise and consequently the SPDC leadership might soften and things will turn for the better.

   But now after nearly three weeks of silence, the SSA-N now come up with a statement for "a review" of Rangoon's extended jail terms for its leaders, according to a copy of the statement that just come in.

   According to the latest report from Shan Herald Agency for News:

   "Detained leaders are not people plotting a breakup of the state. On the contrary, they have been sincerely and collectively working towards the emergence of a genuine union constitution. The lengthy jail terms therefore will only promote racial hatred and serve as an obstacle to national unity and restructuring of the union," it reads.

   With regards to the use of force, the SSA vows not to resort to it except "in a situation that necessitates self-defense," and that it "will utilize all negotiation channels there are and strive to preserve peace."

   As to disarmament, the SSA promises to either "reorganize or dissolve itself" in accordance with the constitution that will guarantee "the equality and self-determination of all national races."

   The statement concludes with a pledge to "continue marching on" until "a genuine union has emerged."

   Chan: Many many Chinese people inside or outside China know very little about the ceasefire agreement. Could you tell us briefly?

   Wansai: The first ceasefire agreements between Shan ethnic groups and the regime were signed in 1989, 16 years ago. The original agreements granted the groups to remain armed , to enjoy special autonomy including business concessions. However, the junta does not honour the agreement and has been forcing since early this year to disarm the cease-fire groups, under the pretext of “Exchanging Arms for Peace” .

   In April, 170 soldiers of the Shan State National Army turned in their arms and 843 rebels of the Palaung State Liberation Army surrendered to the Burmese Army. The following month, the leader of the SSNA, Col Sai Yi,and several of his troops abandoned their base in northern Shan State and merged with the SSA-S.

   In September, an 800-strong brigade of the Shan State Army (North) also abandoned their base, according to the SPDC’s ultimatum and moved to one of the place under its control,rather than facing the faith of disarming or fight an all-out war with the Burma Army, which has been threatening to attack if the SSA North refuse to comply.

   Chan: Hasn’t the junta declared again and again the non-disintegration of Union of Burma?

   Wansai: While the junta claiming to achieve peace and national unity it has been continuously sending more Burma Army troopers into Shan State. The Burma Army presence in Shan State has increased dramatically, from about 40 battalions in 1988 to a current strength of more than 200. If the junta really desires peace, why is it beefing up its strength to 200 battalions? This is just a clear indication to subjugate the Shan people in the form of colonial possession. Another point is why are Shan people fleeing to Thailand on daily basis, if Shan State is calm and peaceful as the SPDC would like the world to believe?

   Chan: How strong are the Shan revolutionary armed forces in Shan State?

   Wansai: There are two categories, one is the ceasefire armies and the other, the active resistance armies.In the category of ceasefire armies, United Wa State Army (UWSA) and Shan State Army North (SSA-N) are believed to field around 10,000 troops each and the military strength of rest - National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA), Myanmar Nationalities Democrat Alliance Army (MNDAA), Kachin Defense Army (KDA), Palaung State Liberation Army (PSLA) –now surrendered, Pa-O National Army (PNA), Shan State Nationalities People Liberation Army (SNPLA), Kachin Independent Army (KIA) – range from 400 to 2500. In addition, there are six small pro-SPDC - Thakasapha (anti-insurgency militia) – set-up, ranging from 50 to 500 men.

   Chan: Maj-Gen Hso Ten and the other 8 imprisoned are respected leaders of the Shan people and the revolutionary armed forces. Why do you think the junta dared to sentence for 79-106 years in prison?

   Wansai: This is to set an example for the SSA-N and as well, the other ceasefire armies of who is calling the shots. It might also want to portray itself as an “upper dog” and that every group must yield to its demand and toe the line or submit to military-led regime. Another point could also be that the SPDC is desparately seeking a “common enemy” or target to remedy the split within the Burma Army, after the ouster of Khin Nyunt and his clique.

   Apart from Maj-Gen Hso Ten, who is the president of Shan State Peace Council, an umbrella group comprising the Shan State Army-North SSA-N and the Shan State National Army SSNA, Hkun Htun Oo, Chairman and Sai Nyunt Lwin, General-secretary of the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy, and the veteran politician Shwe Ohn, together 9 in total were arrested and charged with long prison terms. This has caused withspread indignation among the Shan people and the Shan armed forces.

   Chan: The junta’s intention is to point out that the arrest and heavy sentence are to “ serve as a warning against bad examples”.

   Wansai: This might be the intended message from the part of the SPDC, but whether it is being heeded is totally another question. Now the majority of the SSA-N troops are beginning to think otherwise and might even go into open conflict to save their tattered honour. Many SSNA members decided to join the active resistance, when they were pressured to surrender. This might alo become the case with the SSA-N. The arrests also put into question a regime proposal for ceasefire groups that participate in the National Convention to form themselves into political parties.

   Chan: So we always say “ judge people by their deeds, not just by their words”

   Wansai: Exactly.

   Chan: there is a Chinese saying: “ rivers and mountains may be changed but it is hard to alter a man’s nature”. The Burmese generals do not change their nature of “never honour their words”, while the growing strength of the fascist Burma Army in Shan State is also causing the proportional rises of forced labor, sexual abuses, arbitrary detention and extra-judicial killings in Shan State.

   Wansai: Right, I might also add that “the wolf may lose his teeth, but never his nature” and “the leopard never changes spot”.

   (Maung Chan is the distributor and the main responsible person for the “S.H.A.N. & Burma’s News Published by Burma’s Chinese”)

©Boxun News Network All Rights Reserved.
所有栏目和文章由作者或专栏管理员整理制作,均不代表博讯立场