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BURMA-缅甸风云
·貌强:缅甸制宪国民大会又续开了!
·貌强:Burma Re-opens National Convention
·貌强:缅甸联邦宪法起草委员会FCGCC告人民书
·貌强:Press Release by Federal Constitution Drafting & Coordinating Committee-Union of Burma (FCDCC)
·貌强:缅甸新社会民主党DPNS与记者谈话
·貌强:Burmese DPNS ’s Press Conference
·Shan-EU: Time for ASEAN and UN to act in tandem
·赛万赛与貌强谈: 缅甸年终现状
·貌强:缅甸众土族委员会ENC欢迎东盟的呼吁
·貌强:ENC Statement 6/2005 =Welcome ASEAN’s EFFORD
·貌强:Sai Wansai & Maung Chan Talk about Burma’s Situation
·缅甸制宪大会与停战集团、和平集团、抗争力量
·貌强: The Struggle Between the Junta and Its broad Opponents
·貌强:缅甸的“无声杀戮场”
·貌强:Burma's Silent Killing Fields
·貌强: 中国边民遭缅军射杀
·貌强:Poor Border Chinese Shot Dead by Burma Army
·貌强:“人民”“人民”,缅甸将军假汝名而独裁!
·貌强:The Fascist Generals using “ people’s name ” to oppress people
·貌强 :第七届旅欧缅甸人民论坛
·貌强:The 7th. Burmese Forum In Europe
·貌强:棒喝缅甸将军们要以史为鉴
·貌强:Military Dictatorship vs. Colonialism
·貌强:翻开2006年新一页!
·貌强:Turning A New Page/Enter 2006!
·貌强: Mong Tai Army’s Surrender & Restoration of Shan State
·掸邦军重建掸邦的成败得失
·貌强:Arch Usurper of State Power and People's Wealth
·缅甸窃国大盗
·奉劝缅甸将军们:诸恶莫犯,诸善奉行
·貌强:Good Deeds Will Be Rewarded and Evil Punished
·欧洲决续慈善捐助缅甸艾滋病患民
·貌强:European Plans to Re-donors AIDS Help to Burma
·貌强:Only Democracy & Real Federalism Can Rescue Burma!
·停止内战,反对分裂,建立真正联邦制!
·貌强:Editorial: Shan State and Union of Burma
·掸邦与缅甸联邦的恩恩怨怨
·缅甸各邦各族人民纪念“联邦节”
·貌强:Burma’s States & People Celebrate “Union Day”
·貌强:Burmese Generals! Return to the Right Path!
·将军们! 放下屠刀,立功补过 !
·貌强:Statement of Concern by Burma's Chinese
·缅甸华族也关注欧盟的缅甸政策
·缅甸建军节
·泰国清迈大学2007年AEIOU寒季奖学金招生
·同林老师悠游威尔斯与温莎堡
·带林老师悠游海牙
·带林老师悠游阿姆斯特丹
·与林老师对饮茅台酒
·同林老师追忆中国援缅远征军
·与林老师谈昂山与吴素:
·漫谈缅甸“姓氏”: 德钦、貌、哥、吴、玛、杜
·缅甸政坛恩仇录
·环行荷兰8省,悠游Leeuwarden半日
·貌强带两千金悠游云南
·貌强: 回故乡
·Bush! 放下你的皮鞭与屠刀!
·缅甸各族人民的不懈斗争
·貌强:Free All Political Prisoners and Stop Killing Ethnic People!
·释放政治犯!停杀原住民!
·貌强:TOTAL A ETE TOTALEMENT REJETE
·貌强:以民主、人权、自决权为缅甸建国与办学基石
·貌强:'TOTAL was Totally Rejected'
·貌强补充一二,以飨欧洲华报读者
·貌强:Taiwan People Demand :
·台湾人民要求缅甸军政府:
·缅甸众土族力量2006年现状
·貌强:The situation of Burma’s Ethnic Nationalities in 2006
·貌强:Debts of blood Must Be Paid in Blood!
·貌强: 血债要血还!
·貌强:Keep Burma's Seat Vacant
·“缅甸文摘”社论:敬请空置缅甸席位
·貌强:都灵市缅甸策略研讨会
·貌强:Strategic Consultation on Burma in Turin
·貌强:Curent SPDC Offensive and our KNU Counter-attack
·缅甸军政府的攻势与我族我军的反击
·克伦族联盟主席在56届克伦族烈士节的讲话
·貌强:KNU President's Address on 56th Anniversary of Martyrs' Day
·貌强:第八届缅甸联邦民族委员会已选出
·钦民族战线代表团访问旅欧钦族社区
·缅甸各族青年联合行动团之声明
·有关国际法内的自决权
·貌强:UNPO’s Symposium on the Right to Self-determination in International Law
·对“国际法内的自决权”的我见
·Busdachin’s Speech on “Self-Determination Right in International Law”
·UNPO: UN Human Rights Council Briefed on Human Rights in Myanmar
·联合国文告:缅甸悲惨现状
·貌强:Busdachin’s Speech to VIII UNPO GA in Taiwan
·Why Waste Time and Procrastinate?
·UNPO秘书长在台北讲话
·2006年底缅甸联邦实况
·BURMA.UNPO: The Situation in Burma
·缅甸众土著在台北UNPO大会的声明
·漫谈钦族的过去与现在
·Burmese Junta Achieves 2 Things at One Stroke
·缅中边界军演一箭双雕
·UNPO: "Democracy Promotion: The European Way"
·促进民主的欧洲道路
·波米亚将军的革命一生
·貌强:Bo Mya’s Revolutional Life
·不干涉他国内政的中国
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貌强:Master In Civil War & Disintegrating

By Maung Chan (Burma’s Chinese)

    No one knows fully and exactly why the Burma’s junta is moving the capital from Rangoon to middle-Burma Pyinmana.

   General Sarki of KNU is a famous bush-fighter, with a mind which perceives both past and future, his followers told me.

   He, General Sarki analyses for us from the military views:

   1.The junta can hide in the dense mountain-forest, keeping far distance from the invasion of U.S.cow boy Bush’s special troop.

   2.The junta can concentrate all their generals and army in Middle Burma, attacking westwards the people’s army of Arakan State and Chin State ,northwards and east-northwards those of Kachin State and Shan State, eastwards and south-eastwards those of Shan, Karenni, Karen and Mon States.

   “Speed is too important in war”, General Sarki smiled.

   He has studied actively and practised effectively the “Military Science of Sun Zi” and the “Mao Ze Dong’s Guerrilla Tactics” .

   The “Military Science of Sun Zi” is one of US Army’s textbooks and the “Mao Ze Dong’s Guerrilla Tactics” was referred quite often by the assassinated U.S. President J.F. Kannady.

   Let us looked back our painful revolutionary history.

   When the main revolutionary forces disintegrated 26 years ago, the Burma’s junta knew it was the best chance for them to propagandise, instigate, disintegrate and bribe their enemies. The junta has attracted 17 armed forces to sign the cease-fire agreement with it and summon a certain weaker ethnic rebels to surrender.

   Now, the junta has sent massive army to encircle, suppress and monitor each cease-fire group, at the same time has been bribing and disintegrating all cease-fire benefit-groups .

   Recently the junta is forcing them to “ exchange arms with peace ”.

   The existing situation of the main cease-fire groups are as follows:

Karen State

   The Karen State is in the south-east of the new capital Pyinmana, bordering Thailand on the east.

    The Karen National Union KNU has taken weapons against the Great Burman Chauvinism led by the Burmese army since 1948. It possesses an army with the longest years of armed struggle in the world.

   The world knows that the junta lost the election in 1990 .It, however , not only refused to handover power to the winners, but also shot dead thousands of peacefully demonstrating democratic forces. Thousands and thousands of students, monks, citizen ,elected people’s representatives ,governmental servant and democratic persons fled to the Karen Liberation Area. KNU took them in and has safeguarded them. All these oppressed people co-established there a united front against the Burmese junta.

   Among the Karen people there exist Buddhist and Christian religion conflict. The junta has taken every chance to sow and stir up trouble and hatred among them. From the Karen National Liberation Army KNLP split out the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army DKBA. It signed the cease-fire agreement with the junta in 1995 and got not only privilege given by the junta but also dissension and discord sowed by the junta. The Buddhist and the Christian Karen fight each other quite often. The junta also continuously sends spy to assassinate, split and stir up conflicts among the Karen masses ,sends troops to encircle and sabotage their revolutionary bases.

   Their revolutionary headquarter Manerplaw was destroyed in 1995.

   Under the integrated effort of Burma’s premier Khin Nyunt and the Thailand’s political, military and commercial leaders, the KNU and the junta reached a gentleman-agreement in 2004. The KNU’s old leader General Bo Mya flew personally to Rangoon for the peace negotiation. All the Thailand’s partners were very optimistic at that time for the peaceful reconstruction of the Thai-Burma border area.

   No one has predicted the junta charged the premier Khin Nyunt with corruption and jailed him. The peace negotiation failed and all benefit-groups were disappointed deadly.

   Under the junta’s mighty pressure of “exchange arms for peace”, the Buddhist and the Christian Karen are convinced now being necessary to fight united against the common enemy ,otherwise both will be defeated and annihilated by the junta. Now both of them have declared that they can not abandon the weapons which they use for safeguarding their people and their peaceful living.

Mon State

   Mon State is situated to the South-East of the new capital, with Thailand as its eastern neighbour.

   The New Mon State Party signed the cease-fire agreement with the junta in 1995. In 1996 the junta let them negotiate with Singapore and Malaysia for the cooperation of lumbering, fishing, gold-mining, internal transportation etc, in order to create benefit conflicts among the Mon leaders.

   In 1998, by giving various reasons, the junta took back most privilege and signed contracts by itself with Thai, French, Korean and American Petrol Companies such as Total, Unocal etc and monopolized all benefit.

   Since 1995 after the Mon leaders doing business for their existence, the Mon armed forces have fallen gradually to pieces, especially after their beloved leader Nai Shwe Kyin passed away.

   Recently the New Mon State Party held an urgent meeting and decided to participate the junta-sponsored National Convention.

   The Party’s General Secretary Nai Han Thar repeatedly said, “The best way to solve the political problems is through political dialogue” .

   The Party’s Chairman Nai Htaw Mon announced recently,“We insist on the tri-partite dialogue, we uphold the policy of solving problems politically. We oppose the military government distorting and violating the cease-fire agreement and forcing us to surrender”.

   In 1990 the New Mon State Party possesses 6000-men strong army. Now it has reduced a lot. Does the army stage a comeback? "Up date, not seen" said the Mon people.

   In 2001, Col Nai Pan Nyunt left the New Mon State Party and established the Hongsawatoi Restoration Party, as the saying “part company, each going his own way”.

   On November 20, Nai Suthorn ,Chairman of the Mon Unity League MUL, declared that they had written to the UN Security Council members, especially China and Russia, telling them the junta is controlling the country and all the cease-fire groups are not allowed to speak out their demand of solving Burma problems by political way. The junta has told National Convention representatives that they will not change any clause in the draft constitution。

   “The main Burma issue is, in fact, the problems of the ethnic nationalities which need the UN Security Council to intervene” announced the Mon community.

Karenni State

   Karenni State is in the south-east of the new capital, Thailand is its eastern neighbour.

   During the English ruling time, Karenni State was already an independent state, so this state showed interest neither at the Panglong Agreement nor at the Union Constitution in 1947. It had no interest at all to join the Union of Burma.

   So the Karenni National Progressive Party is a very old rebel.

   However, after other 4 Karenni armed forces having signed cease-fire agreements with the junta, the Karenni Progressive Party at last was also forced to sign it on 1-3-1995.

   In June 1995, the Burmese army pushed into its territory, forced Mon people to labour, construct the bridges and roads. Over 20 thousands villagers fled to Thai-Burma border in fear of the Burman Chauvinism and Neo-Fascism. So the civil war in Mon State broke up again.

   Recently Rimond Htoo, General Secretary of the Karenni National Progressive Party announced, “ They force us to lay down the arms, that means surrender! Is it political solution? We do not want such cease-fire agreement! ”.

   The Karenni National People’s Liberation Front KNPLF split out of the Karenni National Progressive Party KNPP in 1978 and signed the cease-fire agreement with the junta in June 1994. The junta authorized them to become its village security force and let them to take over by force from the KNPP the Thai-Burma border-tax gates, Maw Chin Tin Mine ,collecting woods tax etc . They have fought first business and benefit for their living, and finally they killed each other.

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