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滕彪文集
·警方建议起诉许志永,意见书似“公民范本”
·对《集会游行示威法》提起违宪审查的公开建议书
·对《集会游行示威法》提起违宪审查的公开建议书
·滕彪访谈录:在“反动”的道路上越走越远
·因家暴杀夫被核准死刑 学界联名呼吁“刀下留人”
·川妇因反抗家暴面临死刑 各界紧急呼吁刀下留人
·Activist’s Death Questioned as U.N. Considers Chinese Rights Report
·Tales of an unjust justice
·打虎不是反腐
·What Is a “Legal Education Center” in China
·曹雅学:谁是许志永—— 与滕彪博士的访谈
·高层有人倒行逆施 民间却在不断成长
·让我们记住作恶的法官
·China’s growing human rights movement can claim many accomplishments
·總有一種花將會開遍中華大地/郭宏治
·不要忘记为争取​自由而失去自由的人们
·Testimony at CECC Hearing on China’s Crackdown on Rights Advocates
·Tiananmen at 25: China's next revolution may already be underway
·宗教自由普度共识
·"Purdue Consensus on Religious Freedom"
·Beijing urged to respect religious freedom amid ‘anti-church’ crackd
·“中共难容宗教对意识形态的消解”
·非常规威慑
·许志永自由中国公民梦不碎
·滕彪维园演讲
·Speech during the June 4th Vigil in Victoria Park in Hong Kong
·坦克辗压下的中国
·呂秉權﹕滕彪赤子心「死諫」香港
·【林忌评论】大陆没民主 香港没普选?
·曾志豪:滕彪都站出來,你呢?
·June 2014: Remembering Tiananmen: The View from Hong Kong
·The Strength to Save Oneself
·讓北京知道 要甚麼樣的未來/苹果日报
·否認屠殺的言論自由?
·Beyond Stability Maintenance-From Surveillance to Elimination/Teng bia
·从稳控模式到扫荡模式
·為自由,免於恐懼越絕壑——記滕彪談中國維權路
·就律协点名维权律师“无照”执业 滕彪答德国之声记者问
·法官如何爱国?
·滕彪给全国律协的公开信
·郑州十君子公民声援团募款倡议书
·Politics of the Death Penalty in China
·What sustains Chinese truth-tellers
·在人权灾难面前不应沉默
·From Stability Maintenance to Wiping Out/Teng biao
·自由不是一個禮物,而是一個任務
·抱薪救火的严打政策
·习近平要回到文革吗?
·中国宪法的结构性缺陷
·25 years later, Tiananmen cause is still costly
·A Chinese activist: Out of prison but not free
·中国人权有进步吗?
·Activist lawyer vows to keep fighting for human rights
·高智晟:走出监狱却没有自由
·VOA时事大家谈:维权/维稳
·和平香港行動呼籲
·沉默的吶喊
·Head Off a Tiananmen Massacre in Hong Kong/Yang jianli,Teng Biao,Hu ji
·滕彪被中国政法大学除名 因参与新公民运动
· Ilham Tohti should get the Nobel peace prize, not life in prison
·受难的伊力哈木
·香港人不会接受一个假选举
· Chinese activist scholar Teng Biao on how Occupy Central affects main
·大陆法律人关于支持港人真普选和释放大陆声援公民的声明
·« Révolution des parapluies » contre Pékin / Teng biao
·We Stand With You
·从占领中环到伞花革命
·不可承受的革命之重
·中国维权运动的历史和现状
·Don’t Get Too Excited About the Investigation of Zhou Yongkang
·Sensing subversion, China throws the book at kids' libraries
·China’s Unstoppable Lawyers: An Interview With Teng Biao
·专访滕彪:中国那些百折不回的律师们/纽约书评
·法治還是匪治
·努力实现匪治
·Hongkong: the Unbearable Weight of the Revolution
·Courts are told what decision to make in important cases
·RISKY BUSINESS fighting for Human Rights in China
·藏族、維吾爾族、南(内)蒙古族以及漢族活動人士的聯合聲明
·A STATEMENT OF SOLIDARITY FROM A TIBETAN, UYGHUR, SOUTHERN MONGOLIAN,
·The Supremacy of the Constitution, and Freedom of Religion
·如果有人倾听你对 昨夜梦境的复述(诗四首)
·China’s Empty Promise of Rule by Law
·Sensing subversion, China throws the book at kids' libraries
·VOA时事大家谈:中国司法不独立,如何进行司法改革?
·VOA时事大家谈:通奸女官员被“游街”:罪有应得还是侵犯人权?
·滕彪:中共“依法治国”的画皮
·What will this crackdown on activists do to China’s nascent civil soc
·浦志强、滕彪:李保华诉周国平名誉权纠纷案代理词
·The most dangerous job in law
·关于撤销《黑龙江省垦区条例》的建议
·Selective Blindness over China and Huamn Rights
·中共体制是一个不定时的炸弹/VOA
·滕彪在伦敦闹市被打劫
·「西方學者自我審查問題嚴重」/BBC
·CHINA'S LONG ROAD TO DEATH PENALTY REFORM
·Blood, Justice and Corruption: Why the Chinese Love Their Death Penalt
·完善我国宪法人权保护条款的建议
·计生基本国策是完全错误的
·死刑作為政治籌碼
·Human Rights Advocates Vanish as China Intensifies Crackdown/NYT
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HOW HAS CHINA CHANGED POLITICALLY SINCE THE ICONIC STUDENT PROTESTS?

   https://www.newsweek.com/tiananmen-square-30th-anniversary-china-changed-politically-iconic-student-protests-1442109
   
   TIANANMEN SQUARE 30TH ANNIVERSARY: HOW HAS CHINA CHANGED POLITICALLY SINCE THE ICONIC STUDENT PROTESTS?
   BY SOPHIA WATERFIELD ON 6/5/19 AT 12:01 AM EDT
   


   It has been 30 years since the events surrounding Tiananmen Square, a brutal Chinese government crackdown on demonstrators in June 1989. The Chinese government's count of those killed in the incident was 241, including soldiers, and 7,000 wounded. However, other estimates have put the death toll much higher.
   It has served as a symbol for political unrest in China ever since. The events also produced the iconic "Tank Man" image of a lone protester facing down a column of tanks.
   
   But how has the country changed politically and economically since the protests? Newsweek spoke to academics and activists on what they have seen happen in the decades since.
   
   What is China like 30 years on?
   Jared Hall, Dean of Academic Life at the Hotchkiss School, described the events of 1989 as "firming up the marriage of economic and cultural liberalization with political authoritarianism."
   
   "There's good evidence that [Chairman Mao Zedong's successor] Deng Xiaoping had been committed to [the aforementioned] framework from the 1970s onward, but there were also forces in and outside the party that had been pushing political liberalization as well—particularly in the realm of civil liberties," he told Newsweek. "The events of June 1989 created a remarkably stable political settlement that largely endures today."
   
   Teng Biao, President of China Against the Death Penalty, co-founder of the Open Constitution Initiative, and a visiting scholar for the U.S.-Asia Law Institute in New York University told Newsweekthat Tiananmen Square changed everything for China: "The Tiananmen massacre changed the political imagination and even the dominant ethos of China. It has strengthened the 'China Model' which should be described as 'market totalitarianism plus kleptocracy.'"
   
   In an essay he wrote for Law and Liberty, Teng said that the incident at Tiananmen Square changed China economically in what he calls the "Chinese miracle."
   
   "What is most ironic is that the economic reforms of elite privatization that China carried out after June 4 were undoubtedly the most shameless and deplorable in moral terms, but also probably the most effective and likely to succeed," he wrote. "The Tiananmen massacre completely deprived people of their right to speak, and the lack of public participation and supervision in China's privatization process allowed a minority of officials to treat public assets as their personal property."
   
   This view is shared by analyst Francisco Bencosme, Asia advocacy manager at Amnesty International USA. He wrote for Newsweek: "[Since June 4, 1989], you'd be hard pressed to find any serious analysts who still believe economic prosperity has led to a more liberated China. Instead, China has been emboldened to infringe on the rights of its own people at home and abroad, cracking down on burgeoning civil society and activists, and undermining international human rights institutions as a means of subjugating its people under its control."
   
   Tiananmen Square 30 Year Anniversary Student Protests
   A dissident student asks soldiers to go back home as crowds flooded into the central Beijing on June 3, 1989. On the night of June 3 - 4, 1989, Tiananmen Square sheltered the last pro-democracy supporters as Chinese troops marched on the square to end a weeks-long occupation by student protestors, using lethal force to remove opposition it encountered along the way. Hundreds of demonstrators were killed in the crackdown as tanks rolled into the environs of the square.
   AFP / GETTY IMAGES/CATHERINE HENRIETTE
   In 2019, the CCP undertook a major overhaul of the central government, creating a new government body called the National Supervisory Commission. According to Human Rights Watch, it is empowered to "detain incommunicado anyone exercising public authority for up to six months without fair trial procedures."
   
   It also stepped up abuses against Turkic Muslims in the country's northwestern Xinjiang region. This includes detention, torture and mistreatment. Human Rights Watch also notes that there are new regulations in Tibet that criminalize traditional forms of social action, even "community mediation."
   
   The government also controls the internet, mass media and academia, and have downplayed the actions that took place in Tiananmen Square in 1989. This includes the death toll and blocking its mention on the internet. It is also reported that the government has ordered blockades around Tiananmen Square during the time of the 30th anniversary.
   
   Students China Communist Party
   College students wave national flags as they watch the opening of the 19th Communist Party Congress in Huaibei in China's eastern Anhui province on October 18, 2017. Named the "iPhone Generation", students in China have not followed in the footsteps of their predecessors in the 1980s.
   STR/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
   "China's GDP per capita in 2017 was 28 times larger than it was in 1989; that economic growth has led to massive poverty alleviation, and, in its place, much greater opportunities for ordinary Chinese," Hall told Newsweek.
   
   "Life is simply better at every stage of the life cycle: Infant mortality has plummeted, more educational opportunities are available (last year, for example, there were 363,341 Chinese students studying abroad in the United States), there are more jobs today that are more dynamic and fulfilling, and people are living longer and healthier lives.
   
   "These successes have come at the cost of continued authoritarianism, and it is ultimately impossible to know what the public feels about that trade-off. I worry that the term 'human rights' conflates the system as a whole—one that has arguably shown some results from a developmental perspective—and the more egregious excesses: the mass incarceration of Uyghurs [Muslims] is particularly troubling to me," Hall said.
   
   Tiananmen Square 30 Year Anniversary May 1989
   Raising a banner which reads "Lift Martial Law and Protect the Capital", journalists from the Communist party's official newspaper, the "People's Daily" lead a march towards Tiananmen Square May 22, 1989, in an authorized demonstration in support of pro-democracy students. In a show of force on June 4, China leaders vented their fury and frustration on student dissidents and their pro-democracy supporters. Several hundred people have been killed and thousands wounded when soldiers moved on Tiananmen Square during a violent military crackdown ending six weeks of student demonstrations.
   AFP / GETTY IMAGES/CATHERINE HENRIETTE
   Angellica Aribam, an Indian political activist, lived in China for a year and studied at Peking University, which she describes as the hub of Tiananmen activities in 1989. However, now the students are the polar opposite of the demonstrators in the 1980s.
   
   "The youth is more interested in having a good life and going abroad," Aribam told Newsweek. "They feel the government has done a lot in improving the standard of living for the Chinese citizenry. There is an absolute lack of political consciousness amongst the youth. The older generation calls them the iPhone generation because of their nonchalance towards the interest of the country.
   
   "However, the older generation, people who were in their teens-twenties during the Tiananmen movement, still harbor the hope of democracy. This older generation often talk about the hardships they endured, the stories of unfortunate incident, how they mobilized youth during those days. All in the hope that the youth would take interest. Perhaps the silver lining in a rather disappointing scenario," Aribam said.
(2019/06/06 发表)
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