滕彪文集
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滕彪文集
·MEMBERS OF THE INFORMATION AND DEMOCRACY COMMISSION
·记者无国界发起【全球信息与民主委员会】
·International Declaration on Information and Democracy
·Global communication and information space: a common good of humankind
·UN review is critical chance for countries to change China's narrative
·联合国人权机制对中国有效吗?
·China’s ‘Perfect Dictatorship’ and Its Impact
·中共否认普世人权价值 外界吁警惕
·【中国热评】习思想“指导”人权道路?
·中国医疗专家因涉嫌参与非法活摘 被拒参加国际会议
·新疆集中營與高科技極權主義
·共产党是国民党的猪队友
·海外學者觀選:台灣人有自己的國家制度
·剖析中共特務郭文貴
·蓝天绿地之间的红色幽灵
·憂間諜活動 美擬加強對中國留學生背景調查
·華為掌門女兒孟晚舟加國被捕 被指違美國對伊朗制裁令
·2007年法国人权奖
·Person of the Week
·广西维权律师建民间模拟法庭 力阻冤假错案
·RIGHTS GROUPS TURN UP PRESSURE ON GOOGLE OVER CHINA CENSORSHIP
·纪念零八宪章十周年研讨会-滕彪谈参与过程
·法律人士批中共新法要公民协助提供情报
·孟晚舟案:戴手铐违反人权?
·零八宪章十周年与改革开放四十年
·中国人权白皮书:仍强调“生存权”
·华为风暴中的人权与法律
·夢遊畫展 "Dream Wandering" Exhibition
·民運鬥士海波、滕彪 曼哈頓辦「夢游畫展」
·零八憲章十週年的回顧與意義
·中國古拉格/紀錄片
·声援佳士工人维权事件被抓捕的学生、热心公民及社会工作者联名信
·改革开放与经济奇迹的背后
·六四後北京加強監控 滕彪指現時離民主比1989年更遠
·Nearly 30 years after Tiananmen, China has tightened control
·紐約雅博國際藝術畫廊海波、滕彪博士《夢遊畫展》隆重開幕
·联国人权专家关注黄琦健康 维权人士斥无异慢性谋杀
·中国的完美独裁及其全球影响
·完美的獨裁:二十一世紀的中國
·Chinese rights lawyer fires his own state-appointed lawyer in a dramat
·美中建交40年 面臨前所未有轉捩點
·中国审查蔓延美国硅谷 八九学运前领袖领英帐号一度被封杀
·新疆模式扩展 阿拉伯文化成打击目标
·7位值得你关注的人权网红
·问题疫苗何时了
·CALL ON CHINA TO IMMEDIATELY RELEASE UYGHUR PROFESSOR ILHAM TOHTI 5YEA
·中共判加拿大人死刑 能换回孟晚舟吗?
·The fight for Chinese rights
·傀儡、盗贼和帮凶:最高人民法院的三张面孔
·法学教授遭举报,中共清查宪法学教材
·2018年中共对宗教的压迫
·习近平的反法律战争
·安排「中国商人」会见桂民海女儿 瑞典驻华大使丢职回国受查
·美中关系紧张是中国公关问题吗?
·中共官員要西方民主改革 網友:最佳笑話
·瑞典前驻华大使安排桂民海女儿与华商会面遭调查
·媒体审判与审判媒体
·紀錄片:中國的電視認罪
·国会听证会:全球威权崛起
·video:Congressional Hearing on Rise of Authoritarianism
·引渡听证加拿大,晚舟沉浮 雾锁美中起落?
·三个人的“人大”:申纪兰、姚立法与唐荆陵
·李克强求稳 华为反击 美中贸易休战无期?
·Should America Tackle All Authoritarian Governments?
·National security experts warn of rise in authoritarianism
·Explaining China’s ‘People’s Congress’ Through the Tales of Three
·致敬开启中国违宪审查首案的滕彪、许志永和俞江博士
·形形色色的黑监狱
·Human Rights Lawyer Teng Biao/Total Prestige Magazine
·中国反腐模式是制度失败的产物
·时事大家谈:敢言学者许章润遭撤职,习近平欲令天下无声?
·Open Recommendation to Conduct Constitutional Review on the “Law of t
·Xi's war on thought
·China's enforced disappearance
·教授因言获罪 学生告密 中国离文革有多远?
·中欧人权对话欧盟提出释放名单 中方取消与非政府组织的对话
·The Shadow of the “China Miracle”
·中国维权运动的起起落落 (上)
·如果张扣扣案发生在美国/VOA
·「人权观察」报告揭新疆公安用手机APP全方位监控穆斯林
·西方企业乃中共「高科技极权」帮凶
·不在場的倖存者 用維權記住六四
·北京的网络监控审查与西方公司的协助/VOA
·滕彪(下):维权运动的“政治化” 和“非政治化”
·中国黑监狱大观
·新疆维稳模式蔓延世界 引发人权担忧
·谢伦伯格和孟晚舟案的关联,死与不死,是个问题
·President Xi’s Effort To Remake Chinese Society
·国际刑警组织前主席孟宏伟的妻儿获法国政治庇护
·中共撕毁一国两制香港没抗争沦陷得更快
·天安門屠殺與高科技極權主義
·极权主义转型之路 中共学到什么?
·精神上的六四倖存者滕彪 投入維權終不悔
·你掉到黑洞就出不來
·特朗普会撼动北京高科技极权的牙齿吗?
·特朗普会撼动北京高科技极权的牙齿吗?
·Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen says Tiananmen crackdown highlights n
·台总统蔡英文会见中国异见人士
·六四临近30周年之际 台湾强调捍卫自身民主
·背靠中共助纣为虐,外企帮习近平建立暴政统治!
·Taiwan's President Meets With Tiananmen Massacre Veterans Ahead of Ann
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The Shadow of the “China Miracle”

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   The Shadow of the “China Miracle”
   
   Teng Biao

   
   In 1978, to survive in the ashes of political chaos and economic collapse due to Mao Zedong’s brutal “Cultural Revolution”, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) had to embrace a policy of "reform and opening up". However, while the marketization and economic globalization continued, the political reform went no further. The CCP has never meant to give up its monopoly of power. As a result, China has shocked the world at least twice in the course of the past 40 years. The first time was the 1989 Tiananmen democracy movement and the ensuing massacre, which made the world aware of the ruthlessness and inhuman atrocities of the CCP. The second time was China’s “economic miracle.” According to World Bank statistics, China’s GDP grew by a factor of 81.87, from US$149.5 billion in 1978 to $1.2238 trillion in 2017, making it the world’s second largest economy. Per capita GDP also rose by a factor of 56.4, from US$1,564 in 1978 to $8,827 in 2017.
   
   
   
   
   
   
   These two incidents, the Tiananmen massacre and the economic miracle, are closely linked. Without the massacre, there would be no China miracle. As Hu Ping put it , “What’s most ironic is that the economic reforms of elite privatization that China carried out after June 4th were undoubtedly the most shameless and deplorable in moral terms, but also probably the most effective and likely to succeed. The Tiananmen massacre completely deprived people of their right to speak, and the lack of public participation and supervision in China’s privatization process allowed a minority of officials to treat public assets as their personal property. Officials instantly became capitalists, and privatization reforms attained their goal in a single step. Added to that, the relatively stable investment environment created by suppressive policies attracted a large amount of foreign capital.”
   
   
   
   The CCP has much to show for itself: poverty alleviation, urbanization, WTO membership, high-speed railways, rockets, the Internet, artificial intelligence, the Nobel Prize, the Beijing Olympic Games, the G20 summit, the "One Belt And One Road" initiative, and 'Made in China 2025 Strategy'…. China’s “economic miracle” in reality became the material basis for the ruling of the CCP, as well as its psychological basis to a large extent, as demonstrated in the term "performance legitimacy". Almost all Chinese citizens’ living standards have significantly improved, and they are full of positive and optimistic expectations for future development, which explains why Chinese people obey the existing system. But, as I argued previously, economic development cannot replace political legitimacy. In modern world, political legitimacy can only come from the people’s genuine endorsement through party competition and free elections. In practice, it cannot even achieve “justification”, since economic growth without rule of law and democracy would inevitably bring much trouble to the society and economy per se.
   
   The CCP took great credit for the economic miracle and even attributed it to the "China Model" in an attempt to sell the "China solution" to the world. Some fancy terminologies were invented, like the “Beijing Consensus”, and “Community of Shared Future for Mankind”. Is China's miracle that great? What lies behind the glorious appearance? Is the China Model worth emulating?
   
   Reform and opening up came not from the party's gift but from its sin. Without the closed-door planned economy, mass mobilized totalitarianism, vandalism and anti-intellectualism of the Mao era, there would have been little need for reform and opening up. The motivation of the reform and opening up is to save the Party, not to move towards a constitutional democracy.
   
   
   
   
   
   Without the disobedience of Xiaogang Villagers and the brave local reformers, there would be no reform and opening up. The official propaganda that "CCP feeds more than a billion people" is shameless. The truth is, of course, that the people feed the party and the government, which have been restricting and undermining market competition, robbing the people of their wealth, and depriving them of their basic freedoms.
   
   Here's what is really behind China’s economic miracle:
   
   – China’s full-speed economic development is actually based on frenzied plundering by the elite group – a connection between power and business. Socialism with "Chinese characteristics" is a beautiful alias of crony capitalism. It has created enormous income disparity and social injustice, and has also resulted in serious damage to resources and rapid devastation of the environment. According to figures from China’s National Bureau of Statistics, China’s Gini coefficient reached 0.467 in 2017 after a high of 0.491 in 2008. According to calculations by academic institutions, the Gini coefficient reached 0.61 in 2010, far exceeding the internationally recognized threshold of 0.4 for potential social instability. China is not only one of the most unfree countries in the world, but also one of the most unequal countries.
   
   – China’s “low human rights advantage” is one of the main reasons for its economic miracle. Plentiful cheap labor, low wages, minimal benefits and poor work environment; forced relocations and land clearances; delayed wage payments and lack of collective bargaining rights; bans on independent labor unions, public protests and strikes; labor’s lack of negotiating power with capital and government; collusion between government and business, judicial corruption, etc., have greatly lowered the cost of Chinese merchandise and thus give it an enormous price advantage. “Made in China merchandise has flooded the world, and capital from all over the world has poured into China.” Any country that respects basic human rights and social welfare, and that ensures freedom of assembly and the right to vote, cannot possibly replicate this advantage. Forced demolitions, mining accidents, black brick kilns, forced labor camps, helpless petitioners, left-behind children, extra-legal detentions, Foxconn workers’ suicides, closure of labor NGOs, detention of labor rights activists、、. It can be said that the economic miracle is based on the humiliation, blood, sweat, and death of countless Chinese workers.
   
   – The blatant plundering by the powerful has caused serious environmental destruction, ecological deterioration, and social decay. The multiple influences of political fear, thought control, censorship, and brainwashing, permeate Chinese society and instil cynicism, mammonism, consumerism, and social Darwinism. The development of academics, knowledge, culture, and art has been enormously harmed. In the backyards of skyscrapers and high-speed railways, are literary prisons, GFW, concentration camps, pollution, jerry-built projects, toxic food and vaccines, cancer villages, AIDS villages, and on and on. Behind the apparent prosperity lies the ecological, environmental, moral and spiritual breakdown, which will bring much deeper and wider damage to China's future than just in the life span of the CCP.
   
   
   
   – Foreign trade hugely contributed to China’s economic miracle, but the Chinese government has violated a large number of commitments made when it joined the WTO (violating international human rights standards and engaging in unfair competition). The theft of intellectual property rights, forced technology transfer, currency manipulation, government subsidies, illegal dumping, overseas money laundering, commercial espionage, cyber attacks, media buying and infiltration, Internet blockades, and so on, have all begun to arouse the vigilance and backlash of Western society.
   
   
   
   – China’s economic miracle has not led to political freedom or an open society, but rather has greatly strengthened the CCP’s control and suppressive capacity. The rise of China in reality is not the rise of Chinese people, but the astonishingly rapid rise of the CCP. People living in China do not have access to Google, Facebook, Twitter or YouTube, nor do they have the right to protect their houses or land. They do not have freedom of expression, religious freedom, or the right to vote. With its economic and technological development, China has accelerated its march toward an “advanced version of Orwell’s 1984”: big data, DNA collecting, facial recognition, voiceprint identification, gait recognition, dense street webcam coverage, internet censorship and control, the Great Firewall, grid-managed stability maintenance, a social credit system and internet police, coupled with a traditional totalitarian party-state system, secret police, black jails, paid internet trolls, brainwashing, cult of personality and guilt by association, which have resulted in an unprecedented “high-tech totalitarianism” becoming a reality in China.

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