滕彪文集
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滕彪文集
·A Call for a UN Investigation, and US Sanctions, on the Human Rights D
·关注新疆维吾尔自治区人权灾难的呼吁书
·警察街头扫描手机内容 新疆式维稳监控扩散
·The banned religious group that has China worried
·人间蒸发 强制失踪受害者日 家属焦急寻人
·中国留学生都是“007”?
·忧末日恐慌蔓延,中国围剿全能神教
·An Open Letter on Ilham Tohti’s Life
·关于伊力哈木生命致多国政府和欧盟理事会的公开信
·918 RESIST Xi Jinping
·公安部拟新规“维护”警察权威
·The United Nations, China, and Human Rights
·司法部整顿律师业:统统姓党
·美中媒体战?中国在美两大官媒被要求登记为外国代理
· Alphabet City Q&A with Teng Biao
·The Xinjiang Initiative
·无权者也是有力量的/RFA
·欧洲议会通过议案 促中共关闭新疆「集中营」
·China’s global challenge to democratic freedom
·彭斯講話揭新篇 預示對華政策大轉變
·彭斯講話揭新篇 預示對華政策大轉變
·欧洲议会通过议案 促中共关闭新疆「集中营」
·失踪的范冰冰与高智晟
·Chinese clients of New York ‘asylum mill’ lawyers face deportation t
·「千人计划」再受挫折 美籍华人学者涉儿童色情罪案及间谍活动
·"Vous pouvez facilement devenir fou"
·【纪录片】赫索格的日子
·【纪录片】:退无可退
·你很容易就發瘋了/眾新聞
·“合法化”集中营(滕彪)
·新西兰政治献金丑闻 中共渗透引关注
·中共治疆与恐怖主义、分裂主义、极端主义
·CCP’s involvement in higher education and on university campuses -
·新疆181座集中营 批量采购手铐电棍
·纪录片《对话》
·中共制造民族分裂 尊重维吾尔人民族自决权
·欲盖弥彰的暴行
·China Builds More Prisons in Xinjiang/RFA
· China’s global challenge to democratic freedom
·Global Information and Democracy Commission
·MEMBERS OF THE INFORMATION AND DEMOCRACY COMMISSION
·记者无国界发起【全球信息与民主委员会】
·International Declaration on Information and Democracy
·Global communication and information space: a common good of humankind
·UN review is critical chance for countries to change China's narrative
·联合国人权机制对中国有效吗?
·China’s ‘Perfect Dictatorship’ and Its Impact
·中共否认普世人权价值 外界吁警惕
·【中国热评】习思想“指导”人权道路?
·中国医疗专家因涉嫌参与非法活摘 被拒参加国际会议
·新疆集中營與高科技極權主義
·共产党是国民党的猪队友
·海外學者觀選:台灣人有自己的國家制度
·剖析中共特務郭文貴
·蓝天绿地之间的红色幽灵
·憂間諜活動 美擬加強對中國留學生背景調查
·華為掌門女兒孟晚舟加國被捕 被指違美國對伊朗制裁令
·2007年法国人权奖
·Person of the Week
·广西维权律师建民间模拟法庭 力阻冤假错案
·RIGHTS GROUPS TURN UP PRESSURE ON GOOGLE OVER CHINA CENSORSHIP
·纪念零八宪章十周年研讨会-滕彪谈参与过程
·法律人士批中共新法要公民协助提供情报
·孟晚舟案:戴手铐违反人权?
·零八宪章十周年与改革开放四十年
·中国人权白皮书:仍强调“生存权”
·华为风暴中的人权与法律
·夢遊畫展 "Dream Wandering" Exhibition
·民運鬥士海波、滕彪 曼哈頓辦「夢游畫展」
·零八憲章十週年的回顧與意義
·中國古拉格/紀錄片
·声援佳士工人维权事件被抓捕的学生、热心公民及社会工作者联名信
·改革开放与经济奇迹的背后
·六四後北京加強監控 滕彪指現時離民主比1989年更遠
·Nearly 30 years after Tiananmen, China has tightened control
·紐約雅博國際藝術畫廊海波、滕彪博士《夢遊畫展》隆重開幕
·联国人权专家关注黄琦健康 维权人士斥无异慢性谋杀
·中国的完美独裁及其全球影响
·完美的獨裁:二十一世紀的中國
·Chinese rights lawyer fires his own state-appointed lawyer in a dramat
·美中建交40年 面臨前所未有轉捩點
·中国审查蔓延美国硅谷 八九学运前领袖领英帐号一度被封杀
·新疆模式扩展 阿拉伯文化成打击目标
·7位值得你关注的人权网红
·问题疫苗何时了
·CALL ON CHINA TO IMMEDIATELY RELEASE UYGHUR PROFESSOR ILHAM TOHTI 5YEA
·中共判加拿大人死刑 能换回孟晚舟吗?
·The fight for Chinese rights
·傀儡、盗贼和帮凶:最高人民法院的三张面孔
·法学教授遭举报,中共清查宪法学教材
·2018年中共对宗教的压迫
·习近平的反法律战争
·安排「中国商人」会见桂民海女儿 瑞典驻华大使丢职回国受查
·美中关系紧张是中国公关问题吗?
·中共官員要西方民主改革 網友:最佳笑話
·瑞典前驻华大使安排桂民海女儿与华商会面遭调查
·媒体审判与审判媒体
·紀錄片:中國的電視認罪
·国会听证会:全球威权崛起
·video:Congressional Hearing on Rise of Authoritarianism
·引渡听证加拿大,晚舟沉浮 雾锁美中起落?
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Global communication and information space: a common good of humankind

Global communication and information space: a common good of humankind
   
   https://rsf.org/en/global-communication-and-information-space-common-good-humankind
   
   Preamble

   The global communication and information space is a common good of humankind and should be protected as such. Its management is the responsibility of humankind in its entirety, through democratic institutions, with the aim of facilitating real communication between individuals, culture, peoples and nations, in the service of human rights, civil concord, peace, life and the environment.
   
   
   
   The global communication and information space should serve the exercise of freedom of expression and opinion and respect the principles of pluralism, freedom, dignity, tolerance and the ideal of reason and understanding. Knowledge is necessary for human beings to develop their biological, psychological, social, political and economic capacities. Access to knowledge, particularly knowledge of reality, is a fundamental right.
   
   
   
   Political control of the media, subjugation of news and information to private interests, the growing influence of corporate actors who escape democratic control, online mass disinformation, violence against reporters and editors, and the undermining of quality journalism threaten the exercise of the right to knowledge. Any attempt to abusively limit it, whether by force, technology or legal means, is a violation of the right to freedom of opinion.
   
   
   
   The communication and information space must be organised in such a way as to allow rights and democracy to be exercised. It should preserve and strengthen our ability to address challenges of the present time, to anticipate our common destiny and to help us shape global sustainable development which takes into account the rights and interests of future generations.
   
   
   
   The communication and information space should guarantee the freedom, independence and pluralism of news and information. As a common good, this space has social, cultural and democratic value and should not be reduced to its commercial dimension alone. Dominant positions in the production, distribution or curation of information must be prevented where possible and controlled when unavoidable, in order to preserve the variety of facts and viewpoints.
   
   
   
   Principles
   RIGHT TO INFORMATION
   Freedom of opinion is guaranteed by the free exchange of ideas and information based on factual truths. The truth, which may take many forms, is grounded on the correspondence between reality and perceptions or on the best available evidence from established methods of scientific, academic, journalistic or other professional practices designed to produce trustworthy information and knowledge.
   
   
   
   Reliable information underpins the exercise of freedom of opinion, respect for other human rights and all democratic practices, including deliberation, elections, decision-making and accountability. The integrity of the democratic process is violated when information that could influence this process is manipulated.
   
   
   
   The right to information consists of the freedom to seek, receive and access reliable information. Information can only be regarded as reliable when freely gathered, processed and disseminated according to the principles of commitment to truth, plurality of viewpoints and rational methods of establishment and verification of facts.
   
   The commitment to free pursuit of truth, factual accuracy and “do no-harm” principles is necessary for the integrity of news and information. Disseminating information that is misleading or incorrect or withholding information that should be known can undermine the individuals ability to understand their environment and to develop their capacities.
   
   
   
   Undisclosed conflicts of interest in the field of information pose a threat to freedom of opinion. Content that is designed to advertise or promote must be clearly identified as such.
   
   
   
   FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
   Freedom of expression is a fundamental right of individuals to express themselves. In accordance with international standards on free speech and with due regard to the rights and reputation of others, it includes the right to criticise any system of thought and cannot be constrained or limited by the beliefs or sensitivities of others.
   
   
   
   Intellectual property, which is only applicable to creations and inventions, should not create closed systems in the information and communication space and should not be used to restrict public deliberation. The product resulting from the creative work of gathering, processing and disseminating information confers the right to fair remuneration.
   
   
   
   PRIVACY
   Participants in the public debate must be able to protect the confidentiality of their private information or communications. The right to privacy may only be restricted, and only in a proportionate manner, where it is necessary in a democratic society for public order, the safety of persons, the prevention of crimes, the protection of health or the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.
   
   
   
   RESPONSIBILITY
   Responsibility of all participants in the public debate is a key principle, which implies transparency over their identity. Exceptions to the principle of transparency are legitimate if they facilitate the quest for truth or contribute to their own security.
   
   
   
   All participants in the public debate are liable for their expression, including content they disseminate or help to disseminate. Liability may be established only on the basis of the restrictions on freedom of expression regarded as admissible under international standards.
   
   
   
   TRANSPARENCY OF POWERS
   Every public or private sector entity imbued with a form of power or influence has – within the limits of the public interest – transparency obligations in proportion to the power or influence it is able to exercise over people or ideas.
   
   
   
   This transparency must be assured in a swift, sincere and systematic manner.
   
   
   
   Entities that create means, architectures and norms for information and communication
   
   
   ACCOUNTABILITY
   When creating technical means, architectures that shape choices and norms for communication, entities that contribute to the structure of the information and communication space shall respect the principles and guarantees that nourish and underpin the democratic nature of this space. They have to be held accountable in accordance with and in proportion to the impact of their contribution or participation.
   
   
   
   POLITICAL, IDEOLOGICAL AND RELIGIOUS NEUTRALITY
   These entities such as platforms, shall comply fully with standards of freedom of expression and opinion and, to this end, shall respect political, ideological and religious neutrality when structuring the information and communication space. Systems distributing or curating information and ideas must be neutral as regards the interests of those who control them, with the exception of advertising, which must be explicitly identified.
   
   PLURALISM
   Such entities, including platforms, shall promote diversity of ideas and information, media pluralism and favour serendipity. Tools used for curating and indexing information - meaning aggregating, sorting and prioritising information - must provide alternative solutions, allowing for a pluralism of indexation, and allowing for freedom of choice for users.
   
   
   
   RELIABLE INFORMATION
   Such entities shall implement mechanisms that favour visibility of reliable information. Such mechanisms shall be based on criteria of transparency, editorial independence, use of verification methods and compliance with journalism ethics. The integrity, authenticity and traceability of ideas and information shall be promoted, so that their origin and mode of production and dissemination are known. It shall not be a violation of political, ideological and religious neutrality to favour reliable information.
   
   
   
   TRANSPARENCY TO INSPECTION
   Such entities must be predictable for those over whom they have influence, resistant to any manipulation and open to inspection. Platforms shall be transparent over curation algorithms, moderation (whether human or algorithmic), content sponsoring, collection of personal data, and agreements they may have entered into with governments.

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