宗教信仰

谢选骏文集
[主页]->[宗教信仰]->[谢选骏文集]->[莎士比亚比牛津的伯爵还要牛]
谢选骏文集
·526思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·527思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·528思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·529思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·530思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·531思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·532思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·533思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·534思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·535思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·536思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·537思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·538思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·539思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·540思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·541思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·542思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·543思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·544思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·545思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·546思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·547思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·548思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·549思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·550思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·551思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·552思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·553思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·554思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·555思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·556思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·557思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·558思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·559思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·560思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·561思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·562思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·563思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·564思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·565思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·566思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·567思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·568思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·569思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·570思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·571思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·572思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·573思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·574思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·575思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·576思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·577思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·578思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·579思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·580思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·581思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·582思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·583思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·583思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·584思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·585思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·586思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·587思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·588思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·589思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·590思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·591思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·592思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·593思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·594思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·595思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·596思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·597思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·598思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·599思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·600思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·601思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·602思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·603思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·604思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·605思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·606思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·607思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·608思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·608思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·609思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·610思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·611思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·612思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·613思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·614思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·615思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·616思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·617思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·618思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·619思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·620思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·621思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·622思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·623思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
·624思想主权论SovereigntyOfThoughtAndThoughtOfSovereignty
[列出本栏目所有内容]
欢迎在此做广告
莎士比亚比牛津的伯爵还要牛

   谢选骏:莎士比亚比牛津的伯爵还要牛
   
   网文《“莎士比亚背后的写手”诗歌选译》说:
    
   Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford (1550-1604),English  poet


   (爱德华·德维尔,十七世牛津伯爵(1550-1604),英国诗人)
    
   爱德华·德维尔,十七世牛津伯爵最可能为莎士比亚全部著作的真实作者。在英国文学史上,同时代的人把德维尔称为多才多艺的抒情诗人、宫廷诗人和剧作家。德维尔有诗歌刊行传世,但没有留下他署名的剧作。据说他性格高傲,于十六世纪80年代失去伊丽莎白女王的宠爱,被逐出宫廷,因此有可能广泛接触了英国社会,同时游历过意大利等欧洲各国。英国学者托马斯·卢尼(Thomas Looney)于1922年出版《莎士比亚鉴定》(Shakespeare identified in Edward De Vere, the seventeenth earl of Oxford)一书力求从德维尔的生平与莎剧场景的平行研究中寻找旁证,由此形成莎翁著作权怀疑派中最重要的一派,即牛津派(Oxfordian theory)。
    
   055  The Meeting With Desire
    
   The lively lark stretched forth her wing
   The messenger of Morning bright;
   And with her cheerful voice did sing
   The Day’s approach, discharging Night;
   When that Aurora blushing red,
   Descried the guilt of Thetis’ bed.
    
   055  与“欲望”邂逅对谈(浣溪沙四阕)①
    
   云雀冲天鼓翼飞,
   晨光信使过山隗,
   鸣禽喜乐唱朝晖。
   白日蒸蒸玄夜撤,
   曙神隐隐红霞催,②
   海仙床第犯清规。③
    
   I went abroad to take the air,
   And in the meads I met a knight,
   Clad in carnation colour fair;
   I did salute this gentle wight:
   Of him I did his name inquire,
   He sighed and said it was Desire.
    
   我欲遨游沐晓晖,
   草原邂逅一轻骑,
   麝香石竹作戎衣。
   我问名门尊姓氏?
   他言寒舍小宗祠,
   俗名“欲望”叹穷时。
    
   Desire I did desire to stay;
   And while with him I craved talk,
   The courteous knight said me no nay,
   But hand in hand with me did walk;
   Then of Desire I ask’d again,
   What things did please and what did pain.
    
   久仰大名邂逅时,
   但求片刻说心思,
   谦谦骑士不推辞。
   两手相牵谈世故,
   一声咨询问佳期,
   不知何事是欢悲?
    
   He smiled and thus he answered than [then]:
   Desire can have no greater pain,
   Than for to see another man,
   The things desired to attain;
   Nor greater joy can be than this:
   That to enjoy that others miss.
    
   “欲望”嫣然笑语喧:
   我之烦恼大无边:
   怕人遂愿在头前。
   你得艳情添我苦,
   他丢财宝令人甜,
   深深欲壑实难填!
    
   ————————
   ① 德维尔的诗歌,主要见于伊丽莎白时代的著名诗集《精美技艺的乐园》(Paradise of Dainty Devices,edited by Hyder Edward, 1576)。
   ② 曙神,指奥罗拉,罗马神话中的曙光女神,相当于希腊神话中的厄俄斯(Eos)。每天早晨奥罗拉飞向天空用她晨雾般的手掀开东边天门,引领太阳神的车驾进来,向大地宣布黎明降临。
   ③ 海仙,指海洋女神之首忒提斯,她与希腊英雄珀琉斯(Peleus)举行婚礼后生下阿基利斯,是这场战争爆发前的重大事件之一。
   
   谢选骏指出:上述文字属于一面之词,其实莎士比亚现象远较上述更为复杂——譬如几篇最著名的莎剧都写于牛津去世之后——
   1604年     《一报还一报》、《奥塞罗》
   1605年    《李尔王》、《麦克白》
   1606年     《安东尼与克莉奥佩特拉》
   1607年    《科利奥兰纳斯》、《雅典的泰门》
   1608年     《泰尔亲王配力克里斯》
   1609年     《辛白林》 《十四行诗集》出版
   1610年   《冬天的故事》
   1612年 《暴风雨》 、《亨利八世》
   
   但是,通过一部2011年的电影《无名氏》(Anonymous,也译《匿名者》),牛津伯爵遭到莎士比亚冒名顶替的故事在民间产生了影响力:通过情感充沛、令人扼腕的戏剧张力,该片对莎剧真实作者的假说,引起许多人对牛津伯爵的同情,对莎士比亚的作者身份产生兴趣甚至质疑。莎士比亚真的很牛,比牛津的伯爵还要牛。因此莎士比亚就不仅是莎士比亚和牛津伯爵了,莎士比亚还是整个英国文学现象的一个缩影,否则它就不会如此一枝独秀而且长盛不衰了。——这样一来,解构了莎士比亚,就解构了英国文学;解构了英国文学,解构了英国;解构了英国,就解构了西方文明的最大标本。
(2018/01/29 发表)
blog comments powered by Disqus

©Boxun News Network All Rights Reserved.
所有栏目和文章由作者或专栏管理员整理制作,均不代表博讯立场