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郭国汀律师专栏
·记名提单若干问题研究
·集装箱保险合同若干法律问题
·船舶保险合同“船舶出租”应指光船出租
·试论船舶保险合同项下“碰撞、触碰”的法律含义
·“新世纪”轮船舶保险合同(固定物、浮动物? )争议案的反思
·水上油污若干法律问题 郭国汀
·油污国际公约若干问题 郭国汀
·海上油污损害赔偿适用法律研究/郭国汀
·《郭国汀海商法论文自选》
·处理货抵目的港后收货人不提货的措施
·评一起重大涉外海商纠纷案的判决
·托运人对海运合同货损、货差没有针对承运人的诉权
·海上货运合同货差纠纷案析
·共同海损案法律分析
·货物被骗属于货物一切险承保范围
·上海吉龙塑胶制品有限公司诉上海捷士国际货运代理有限公司无单放货争议案
·GENERAL TRADE诉绍兴县进出口公司国际货物买卖合同品质纠纷案析
·货代违约造成贸易合同毁约应向谁索赔损失?
·对一起复杂行政诉讼案的法律思考
·2002年国际船舶保险条款
·Peter . Liu劳动争议初步法律意见/郭国汀
·船舶保险合同(保证条款)争议案析/郭国汀
·自有集装箱被占用案初步法律意见/郭国汀
·马士基集团香港有限公司与中国包装进出口安微公司签发放行提单再审争议案析/郭国汀
·析一起签发放行记名提单再审争议案/郭国汀
·上海亚太国际集装箱储运有限公司诉天津海峡货运有限公司上海分公司海上货物运输合同货物被盗损失代位追偿案析/郭国汀
·海上保险合同争议起诉状/郭国汀
·民事答辩反诉状
·关于应当如何理解《INSTITUTE CARGO CLAUSES (A)》中“一切险”责任范围的咨询复函/郭国汀
·海运运费及代理费问题的解答/郭国汀
·美亚保险公司上海分公司诉BDP亚洲太平洋有限公司海上货运合同货损争议代位追偿案析/郭国汀
·货代违约造成贸易合同无效怎么办?郭国汀
·捷运通有限公司诉东方集团上海市对外贸易有限公司海上货运合同争议案析/郭国汀
·平安保险公司代位追偿案析/郭国汀
·记名提单若干法律问题上海吉龙塑胶制品有限公司诉上海捷士国际货运代理有限公司无单放货争议案析/郭国汀
·乐清外贸公司与长荣航运公司海上货物运输合同争议案初步法律意见书/郭国汀
·新世纪轮船舶保险合同争议上诉代理词
·“富江7号”轮沉船保险合同争议案析/郭国汀
·上海吉龙塑胶制品有限公司诉上海捷士国际货运代理有限公司无单放货争议案析/郭国汀
·马士基集团香港有限公司与中国包装进出口安微公司签发放行提单再审争议案析/郭国汀
·评一起重大涉外海商纠纷案的判决 郭国汀
·请教郭国汀律师有关留置权问题
·新加坡捷富意运通有限公司诉上海中波国际贸易有限公司运费争议案析/郭国汀
·中国海关实际运作的宣誓证言/郭国汀
·亚洲的国际商事仲裁中心及其仲裁制度的特点-颜云青 郭国汀译
·亚洲的国际商事仲裁中心及其仲裁制度的特点-颜云青 郭国汀 译(下)
***郭国汀律师专译著
***(1)《协会保险条款诠释》陈剖建/郭国汀译 郭国汀校
·寄语中国青少年——序《英国保险协会保险条款诠释》
·《英国保险协会保险条款诠释》译后记
·《协会保险条款诠释》陈剖建/郭国汀译
·《协会保险条款诠释》陈剖建/郭国汀译 第二编 海上货物保险格式
·《协会保险条款诠释》陈剖建/郭国汀译 第三编 海上船舶格式保险单
·《协会保险条款诠释》陈剖建/郭国汀译 第四编 对船东的附加保险
·《协会保险条款诠释》陈剖建/郭国汀译 第五编 为各利益方的保险
·《协会保险条款诠释》陈剖建/郭国汀译 第六编 战争和罢工险格式
***(2)英国协会保险货物保险条款英中对译
·1934年1月1日协会更换保险条款/郭国汀译
·1982年1月1日协会货物(A)条款/郭国汀译
·1982年1月1日协会货物保险(B)和(C)条款/郭国汀译
·1982年8月1日协会恶意损害保险条款/郭国汀译
·1983年9月5日协会商品贸易(A)(B)(C)保险条款/郭国汀译
·1984年1月1日协会黄麻保险条款/郭国汀译
·1986年1月1日协会冻肉保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶战争险和罢工险条款/郭国汀译
·1982年1月1日协会货物罢工险条款/郭国汀译
·1982年1月1日协会货物战争险保险条款/郭国汀译
·1982年10月1日协会煤炭保险条款/郭国汀译
·1983年10月1日和1995年11月1日协会船舶定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1984年1月1日协会天然橡胶(液态胶乳除外)保险条款/郭国汀译
·1986年1月1日协会冷冻食品(冻肉除外)保险A条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会运费定期战争和罢工险条款/郭国汀译
·1986年1月1日协会冷冻食品(冻肉除外)保险(C)条款/郭国汀译
·1983年2月1日协会散装油类保险条款/郭国汀译
·1983年12月1日协会盗窃、偷窃和提货不着保险条款(仅用于协会保险条款)/郭国汀译
·1986年1月1日国际肉类贸易协会冻肉展期保险条款(仅适用于协会冻肉保险(A)条款/郭国汀译
·1986年4月1日协会木材贸易联合会条款(与木材贸易联合会达成的协议)/郭国汀译
***(3)英国协会保险船舶条款英中对译
·1983年10月1日和1995年11月1日协会船舶定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1987年7月20日协会船舶港口险定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1988年6月1日协会造船厂的风险保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶乘客设备定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶航次保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶全损、共同海损和3/4碰撞责任航次保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶运费定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会机器损害附加免赔额保险条款/郭国汀译
·1985年11月1日协会游艇保险条款/郭国汀译
·1987年7月20日协会船壳定期保赔保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日附加免赔额适应条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶额外责任定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶全损定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶限制危险定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶运费航次保险条款/郭国汀译
·1996年1月1日协会运费共同海损-污染费用保险条款/郭国汀译
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   中国将超过美国成为头号超级大国?郭国汀
   
   众多西方专家学者及中国通们为何一边倒地对共产党一党专制下的中国经济发展作如此乐观的赞赏?难道中国经济真如其所称赞的那样辉煌!?清华大学国际关系学院院长阎学通于2014年4月10日答记者采访时说:2023年东亚的经济规模将超过西欧、东欧和俄罗斯的总和。中国将成为与美国平起平坐的超级大国,两国间的竞争将日趋激化。估且不论中共政权一以贯之的欺诈成性,也不论专制暴政下人民的愚昧无知,更不用说当下中国贫富差距早已超过巴西,名列全球第一高达06.1,充分的历史事实早已证实:只要中共党国体制的专制独裁暴政一日不灭亡,中国人民的深重苦难绝对不止。只要中共专制暴政存续一天,绝无任何可能中国能超越美国。若中国真正成为宪政自由民主政府,则最终超越美国则是必然的逻辑结果。因为中国传統文化文明,并不亚于世界上任何其他文化文明,只要在发扬光大中华文化文明基础上,善于学习采纳西方先进文化文明,中国必定重新成为世界第一流的国家。
   
   International political economic specialists increase asked whether China’s experience in economic growth constitutes a model which could be transplanted to other developing stats(Lanteigne 2009:11). Today many state populations have positive views of China, some polls there are states that have a higher regard for China than they do for the US(11).
   
   A World Bank July 2008 report concluded that “China’sinvestments ease Africa’s poverty”. AustralianPrime Minister Kevin Rudd told the Brookings Institution on March 31, 2008 that“China’s experience would be invaluable to other developing nations.”
   
   Deng Xiaoping in 1985 told an African head of state that there was no Chinese model to emulate. Deng averred that all nations must adopt growth policies suitable to their own particular circumstances (Friedman 4). Since economic reforms were initiated in China in 1979, more than two-thirds of all the poverty wiped-out on the planet earth has been in China. This monumental achievement suggests that there is much to learn from the Chinese experience.
   
   As a Congolese minister put it, “the Chinese are fantastic”(Friedman 5)asuperpower within Asia as potentially a nation with the ability to change thefuture direction of global events. By 2020, China hopes to rival the US(Sengupta 2003:389).
   
   China has arrived andwill increasingly shape our future, not just its own (Jacques 2005:6), Chinahas suddenly become the all absorbing topic for those professionally concernedwith the future of the planet (Skidelsky 2005) , in many spheres, China hasbecome a leading issue for politicians, economists, environmentalists, generals, admirals andmedia figures(Scott 2008: 1).
   
   China has arrived. Aftertwo centuries at the periphery of world affairs, China has returned to thecenter (Mandelson 2007) many of the greatest questions thrown up in the courseof the century will be answered in Chinese characters ( Anderson 2008), Chinais the future, or at least will profoundly shape the future global order. Thefuture: China changes the whole world. China with the ability tochange the future direction of global events(Sengupta2003:4).
   
   Chinese economy will overtake the US economy in the year 2013.China is well on its way to becoming an economic superpower(Sengupta 2003:395).If it continues with its economic reform,China’s economy should exceed that ofthe United States within the next 15 years(Sengupta 2003:402)
   
   China in the twenty-first century will provide an alternative tothe United States and will play the role of a non-hegemonic superpower(Forges& Luo2001:485). China had become an economic superpower. Actually, China’srapid rise to become a major power already is a world-transforming phenomenon(Friedman 2008:18).
   
   The existing literature on China’s rise to economic super-powerdom, forecasts theshort- and long-term prospects of the Chinese economy to achieve a sustainedrapid growth of the GDP, eventually replacing the USA as the leading superpower(see Babones 2011;Eichengreen, Park and Shin 2011;and Subramanian 2011
   
   China in thetwenty-first century will provide an alternative to the United States and willplay the role of a non-hegemonic superpower. With China becoming wealthier andsoon taking over the title of the world’s largest economy, other countries willhave no choice but to turn toward Beijing(Cameron2013:13). maintainedChina’s global trade clout – as of 2013, China is the largest trading partnerfor over 120 countries.
   
   Tensions areintensifying between China and Japan in the East China Sea over Diaoyu Island.Confrontations with the Philippines in the South China Sea have been two yearsin the running with no end in sight. America's "pivot" to AsiaPacific has confirmed to many Chinese their suspicion of containment by thesuperpower and emboldened China's adversaries in the region to escalatetensions. The most recent incident was China's declaration of an Air DefenseIdentification Zone, which some have called provocative.
   
   Deng's famous dictum of “keeping a low profile” for economicdevelopment. The other was to give the first priority to the relations with the UnitedStates. China's new foreign policy outlook indicates an approach knownas “strivingfor achievement”to engage its neighboring countries and to over time align their interests withChina's rise. Xi specifically stressed friendship and loyalty between China andits neighbors.
   
   University of Chicago politicaltheorist John Mearsheimer, in his "China cannot peaceful rise " concluded taht China continues its rise asa great power, military conflicts are probable if not inevitable. for In a disorderly world without a supreme ruler, the theorygoes, no nation can be sure of the intentions of other nations and the only wayof survival is to maximize a nation's own relative strength.
   
   Under Xi, China willbegin to treat friends and enemies differently. For those who are willing toplay a constructive role in China's rise, China will seek ways for them to gaingreater actual benefits from China's development. China will decisively favorthose who side with it with economic benefits and even security protections. Onthe contrary, those who are hostile to China will face much more sustainedpolicies of sanctions and isolation.
   
   The Xi’s doctrine of diplomatic policynow contains six points. The firstis to establish a sense of identity with the world in a “community of common destiny”. no matter what system it adopts, it is always partof that community rather than being detached from the rest of the world. The second is to express a world dreamwith a “Chinese dream”. all will enjoy peace, development and prosperity. The third is to ensure peace and development with bottom-line thinking. The fourth is to improve China’s imageas valuing profits more than justice with a right approach to morality andinterests.The fifth is to managerelations with the US towards a new model of bigcountry relationship, no confrontation or conflict, mutual respect, and cooperationand win-win. The sixth point is todispel misgivings of neighboring countries with the principles of amity,sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness.
   
   The Chinese system will fail because there is an inherent conflict between public welfare and the government’s desire to retain power. Acemoglu and Robinson argue that China’s phenomenal growth cannot be sustained because the political institutions are authoritarian and extractive. Furthermore, the present economic growth cannot lead to inclusive economic institutions and creative destruction unless fundamental political reforms are carried out in the near future(Schweinberger 2014:170).
   
   One of the key characteristic ofChinese economic development: namely, the high degree of politization ofeconomic decision-making. state-owned (partially or wholly) companies in Chinaat present make up around eighty percent of the value of the stock market.
   
   China is no longer the workbench of the world. Within twenty years, it has become a serious competitor of the German machine-construction industry owing to its breathtaking advances in technology and engineering skills development( Schweinberger 2014:173).

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