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·1982年1月1日协会货物罢工险条款/郭国汀译
·1982年1月1日协会货物战争险保险条款/郭国汀译
·1982年10月1日协会煤炭保险条款/郭国汀译
·1983年10月1日和1995年11月1日协会船舶定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1984年1月1日协会天然橡胶(液态胶乳除外)保险条款/郭国汀译
·1986年1月1日协会冷冻食品(冻肉除外)保险A条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会运费定期战争和罢工险条款/郭国汀译
·1986年1月1日协会冷冻食品(冻肉除外)保险(C)条款/郭国汀译
·1983年2月1日协会散装油类保险条款/郭国汀译
·1983年12月1日协会盗窃、偷窃和提货不着保险条款(仅用于协会保险条款)/郭国汀译
·1986年1月1日国际肉类贸易协会冻肉展期保险条款(仅适用于协会冻肉保险(A)条款/郭国汀译
·1986年4月1日协会木材贸易联合会条款(与木材贸易联合会达成的协议)/郭国汀译
***(3)英国协会保险船舶条款英中对译
·1983年10月1日和1995年11月1日协会船舶定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1987年7月20日协会船舶港口险定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1988年6月1日协会造船厂的风险保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶乘客设备定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶航次保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶全损、共同海损和3/4碰撞责任航次保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶运费定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会机器损害附加免赔额保险条款/郭国汀译
·1985年11月1日协会游艇保险条款/郭国汀译
·1987年7月20日协会船壳定期保赔保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日附加免赔额适应条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶额外责任定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶全损定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶限制危险定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶运费航次保险条款/郭国汀译
·1996年1月1日协会运费共同海损-污染费用保险条款/郭国汀译
·1987年1月1日协会集装箱定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1987年7月20日协会渔船保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶搬移另件保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶附加危险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶全损、共同海损、3/4碰撞责任定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶营运费用和增加价值(全损险,包括额外责任)定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶租赁设备定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1997年3月1日协会船舶抵押权人利益保险条款/郭国汀译
***(4)英国协会保险运费、战争、罢工险保险条款英中对译
·1982年1月1日协会货物罢工险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶营运费用和增值定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶战争险和罢工险条款/郭国汀译
·The Practice of Marine Insurance: Marine Insurance Policy Forms
·1982年1月1日协会货物战争险保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会船舶运费定期保险条款/郭国汀译
·1995年11月1日协会运费定期战争和罢工险条款/郭国汀译
·1996年1月1日协会运费共同海损-污染费用保险条款/郭国汀译
***(5)《CIF 和 FOB 合同》第四版 郭国汀主译校
·《cif与fob合同》序
·《cif与fob合同》译后记
·郭国汀译《CIF 和FOB合同》读后
·《CIF和 FOB合同》第四版 郭国汀主译校
·《CIF 和 FOB合同》郭国汀主译校 第二章 装运
·〈CIF 和 FOB 合同〉郭国汀主译校 第四章 保险(王崇能译)
·〈CIF 和 FOB 合同〉郭国汀主译校 第五章 交单和付款(高建平译)
·〈CIF 和 FOB 合同〉郭国汀主译校 第六章 法律救济(梅欢雪译)
·〈CIF 和 FOB 合同〉郭国汀主译校 第七章 冲突法(黄辉译)
·〈CIF 和 FOB 合同〉郭国汀主译校 第八章 各种类型的FOB合同(陈真,王崇能,黄辉,郭国汀译)
·〈CIF 和 FOB 合同〉郭国汀主译校 第九章 FOB交付(蔡仲翰译)
·〈CIF 和 FOB 合同〉郭国汀主译校 第十章 FOB价格条款
·〈CIF 和 FOB 合同〉郭国汀主译校 第十一章 付款与接受(王力耘译)
·〈CIF 和 FOB 合同〉郭国汀主译校 第十二章保险 (李小玲译)
·〈CIF 和 FOB 合同〉郭国汀主译校 第十三章 法律救济(李小玲译)
·〈CIF 和 FOB 合同〉郭国汀主译校 第十四章 法律冲突(王力耘译)
***(6)《Scrutton 租船合同与提单》郭国汀译
·《Scrutton on 租船合同与提单》序
·我为法学翻译辩护- 《SCRUTTON租船合同与提单》译后记 
·《SCRUTTON租船合同与提单》郭国汀译朱曾杰校 第一章:合同的性质、效力与解释
·《Scrutton on 租船合同与提单》郭国汀译朱曾杰校 第二章:合同当事人
·《SCRUTTON租船合同与提单》郭国汀译、朱曾杰校 第三章:代理
·《Scrutton on 租船合同与提单》郭国汀译朱曾杰校 第四章:租船合同
·《SCRUTTON租船合同与提单》郭国汀译、朱曾杰校 第五章:作为合同的提单
·《Scrutton on 租船合同与提单》郭国汀译朱曾杰校 第六章:租船合同项下货物的提单
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第七章:合同条款
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第八章:陈述
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第九章:合同的履行:装船
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第十章:提单作为物权凭证
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第十一章:船东对承运贷物的灭失或损坏之责任
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第十二章:合同的履行:航次租船
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第十三章:合同的履行:卸货
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第十四章:滞期费
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第十五章:运费
·《SCRUTTON租船合同与提单》郭国汀译、朱曾杰校 第十六章:定期租船
·《Scrutton on 租船合同与提单》郭国汀译朱曾杰校 第十七章:联运提单,联合运输,集装箱
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第十八章:留置权
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第十九章:损害赔偿
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第二十章:1971年〈海上货物运输法〉
·〈SCRUTTON 租船合同与提单〉郭国汀译 朱曾杰校 第二十一章:管辖权与诉讼时效
***(7)《Omay 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译校
·王海明序《Omay 海上保险的法律与保险单》
·《OMAY海上保险的法律与保险单》序
·《Omay 海上保险:法律与保险单》译后记
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Terrorism and state terrorism studying

by Thomas Guoting Guo

   

   Terrorism has become one of the hottest topic in both academic and practice sphere, since 911 atrocity. Between 1968 to 2003 there weremore than 6100 transnational terrorist attacks, causing more than 36000 deathsand injuries.[1]In 2001, the year of the 9/11 atrocity, there were 1,732 recorded incidents worldwide;five years later 、、. the annual figure had risen to 6,659 (English 2010, 77)[2].anew book on terrorism appears nearly every six hours, and Richard Jackson notesthat, during this period, peer-reviewed papers have increased by approximately300% (Guardian Weekly, 21 September 2007, 44).

   

   

   [1]Kristopher K.Robison, Edward M.Crenshaw, J.Craig Jenkins, Ideologies ofViolence: The Social Origins of Islanist and leftist Transnational Terrorism2006, p.1.

   [2]Matt Haunstrup Qvortrup, Terrorism and Political Science, BJPIR: 2012 VOL 14, p.503

   

   the earliest actsof terrorism to have started in ancient Palestine during the first century CE,when Jewish citizens sought freedom from Roman occupation by engaging inassassinations of Romans and suspected Jewish collaborators. One group wascalled the Sicari because of their favored use of the sica orshort dagger to murder Jewish collaborators. Another group, led by Simon BenKoseba, exhibited intense fanaticism by killing mainly Romans and Greeks, oftenin open displays of violence similar to those seen today. This group was calledthe Zealots, and it is from them that we derive the present meaning ofthe word for individuals who are fanatics (CDI, 2003).[1]By the early middle ages, a radical Muslim group in the Middle East began tokill those who failed to follow fundamentalist versions of Islam. It wasrumored that these killers used hashish prior to their killings and it is fromthe term “hashish” that the modern word “assassin” is derived (CDI, 2003).Another group in India that functioned between the 7th and the 19th centuries,the Thugees (it is from them that we derive the word “thug”), strangledtheir victims as an offering to the Hindu goddess of terror and violence (CDI,2003).

   

   [1]Anthony J. Marsella PhD, DHC& Fathali M. Moghaddam (2004)The Origins and Nature of Terrorism, Journalof Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma,9:1-2, 19-31, DOI: 10.1300/J146v09n01_02To link to this article:http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J146v09n01_02

   Osama Bin Laden, Al Queda and 911 terrorists attacks

   

   The 1993 attack onthe World Trade Center (WTC) led by Ramzi Ahmed Yousef, in which six peoplewere killed and hundreds injured. In 2001, September 11 attacks, as well as theothers around the globe, were part of a larger master plan guided by aninternational terrorist group known as Al Qaeda, a well organized andrichly-funded Muslim fundamentalist group headed by an educated and wealthySaudi Arabian citizen, Osama Bin Laden. In the words of Osama Bin Laden, he andAl Qaeda [translation: The Source or Base] were seeking revenge for whatthey viewed as America’s many economic, political, and cultural exploitationsof Islamic people and cultural traditions.[1]

   

   . . . The people ofIslam had suffered from aggression, iniquity, and injustice imposed on them bythe Zionist-Crusaders’ alliance . . . the latest of these aggressions incurredby the Muslims since the death of the Prophet is the occupation of the land ofthe two Holy Places . . . by the armies of the American Crusaders and theirallies. . . . For over seven years the United States has been occupying the landsof Islam in the holiest of places, the Arabian Peninsula, plundering its riches,dictating to its rulers, humiliating its people, terrorizing its neighbors, andturning its bases in the Peninsula into a spearhead through which to fight theneighboring Muslim people. (Osama Bin Laden, 1998; Source: Strategic StudiesInstitute,www.army.mil.usassi)

   

   Osama Bin Ladencommented on the attack of September 11,2001: What America is tasting now issomething insignificant compared to what we have tasted for scores of years.Our nation [the Islamic World] has been tasting this humiliation and thisdegradation for more than 80 years, its sons are killed, its blood is shed, itssanctuaries are attacked, and no one hears and no one heeds. (Osama Bin Laden,October 8, 2001; Source: Associated Press)

   

   America was to bepunished for its many offenses against the Muslim people and Islam. Revengewould be had and it would be meted out in destructive scenarios designed tobring the Al Qaeda cause to people around the world. Osama Bin Ladenknew very well that his destructive acts would bring cheers from many whoshared his views of America’s perceived role as “Satan,” and not all among themwould be Muslims. Others who perceive America to be the source of theirproblems would use this opportunity to condemn America’s foreign and economicpolicies. For example, Arundhati Roy, a popular English journalist with theManchesterGuardian, likened Osama Bin Laden to America itself. He wrote:

   

   What is Osama binLaden? He’s America’s family secret. He is the American President’s dark“doppelganger.” The savage twin of all that purports to be beautiful andcivilized. He has been sculpted from the spare rib of a world laid to waste byAmerica’s foreign policy: its gunboat diplomacy, its nuclear arsenal, itsvulgarly stated policy of “full-spectrum dominance,” its chilling disregard fornon-American lives, its barbarous military interventions, its support fordespotic and dictatorial regimes, its merciless economic agenda that hasmunched through the economies of poor countries like a cloud of locusts. Itsmarauding multinationals who are taking over the air we breathe, the ground westand on, the water we drink. The thoughts we think. Now the family secret hasbeen spilled, the twins are blurring into one another and gradually becominginterchangeable. (Roy, 2001, p. 1)

   

   the actions of AlQaeda on September 11, 2001 constitute a crime of mass murder anddestruction and demand punishment and retribution. The acts meet the criterianeeded to define terrorism and as such are subject to international legalaction. Murder of innocent civilians to promote political, economic, or socialaims is a horrendous crime, and cannot be justified by cries of oppression orabuse. Efforts to alter political, economic, or social conditions bysub-national groups are not crimes in themselves, but the efforts must beconducted within the constraints of law and morality as codified in local,national, and international systems.[2]

   

   [1] KristopherK.Robison, Edward M.Crenshaw, J.Craig Jenkins, Ideologies of Violence: TheSocial Origins of Islanist and leftist Transnational Terrorism 2006, p.3

   [2] KristopherK.Robison, Edward M.Crenshaw, J.Craig Jenkins, Ideologies of Violence: TheSocial Origins of Islanist and leftist Transnational Terrorism 2006, p.12

   The definition of terrorism

   

   There are manydefinitions of terrorism (see Burgess, 2003; Hallett, 2003; Moghaddam &Marsella, 2003),many legal and scholarly experts accept the definition used bythe United States Department of State in Title 22 of the United States Code,Section 2656f(d): “ . . . premeditated, politically-motivated violenceperpetrated against non-combatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestineagents, usually intended to influence an audience”. The essential elements ofterrorism are thus: (a) The use of force or violence; (b) by individuals orgroups; (c) directed toward innocent civilians; (d) intended to influence orcoerce changes in political or social decisions and policies; (e) by instillingfear and terror. broader definition, which would include state-sponsoredterrorism and state terrorism.

   Dose any reasons justify political violence?

   

   There are numerousother struggles between governments and disaffected minority groups who seekindependence. Consider the situations between the Israelis and thePalestinians, Spain and the Basques, England and the IRA in Northern Ireland,China and the Tibetans, and, of course, the Shiite and Kurdish efforts againstthe former government of Saddam Hussein in Iraq. But what is it that justifiesthe use of violence and the label guerilla, insurgent, or freedom fighterrather than terrorist? Many unresolved issues remain surrounding the nature,definition, meaning, and legal implications of terrorist acts (e.g., Burgess,2003).

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