Engaging China on Forced Labour Exports
By Hon. David Kilgour, J.D.
Forum Theatre, Chamber of Deputies, Congress of the Union Mexico City
March 30, 2009
大卫戴维曾任律师、检察官、外交官、国会议员，是个极诚实正直富有爱心与正义感的加拿大着名政治家和人权活动家，他热爱中国文化，热爱中国人民，对古老的中华文明情有独衷，他认为只要中国人民抛弃马列毛主义，实行自由、法治、宪政的民主体制，中国将可能成为取代美国成为领导世界的最伟大的国家。他对全球（包括 中国法轮功）发生的人权灾难极为关注，是中共极权暴政盗卖法轮功人体器官的主调查人之一，他与国际著名人权律师大卫迈德斯合作，经认真调查研究出具的专项 研究报告，以３２种相互印证的铁证充分证明了中共暴政丧尽天良伤天害理犯下了赅人听闻的活体盗卖死刑犯人及法轮功学员人体器官的新型反人类罪行．下文是戴维先生两天前在墨西哥国会的演讲发言．
Permit me to stress immediately that I have the highest admiration for the people of China and their millennia of hard work, long success with agriculture, numerous inventions, strong families (with veneration for elders), art, learning, literature, many other cultural achievements, and Confucian harmony over a long period earlier in governance.
Regrettably, as we face a severe worldwide economic crisis, the actions of the Chinese government continue to cause grave concern among all who care for human dignity and the rule of law. What is almost equally troubling is that some governments, affected by their own economic challenges, seem willing to bend on matters of principle in exchange for Beijing's "favours".
China has become a major trading partner of many countries over the past three decades. There are very few countries which do not have a large trade deficit with it; partly for this reason, there are today more than 345,000 dollar millionaires in the Middle Kingdon. In haste to court Beijing' financial assistance, much of the world has chosen to ignore the costs of China's surge in economic power for the people of China and others.
Take, for example, the government of South Africa's recent decision to deny a visa to His Holiness, The Dalai Lama, to a peace conference, a move widely condemned by religious, political and business and opinion leaders in the country. The government has since cancelled the peace conference and banned the Dalai Lama from travelling to South Africa for 16 months, citing as an excuse next year's World Cup.
Unsurprisingly, this also sparked an uproar among South Africans, who still see their country as a beacon of human rights because of its anti-apartheid struggle. Archbishop Desmond Tutu, himself also a Nobel Peace Prize holder, called it a "disgraceful" decision and a "total betrayal of our struggle history". Mandla Mandela, grandson of Nelson Mandela and an organizer of the peace conference, said the move to bar the Dalai Lama was a "sad day". In a poll on a South African website, 86 per cent of respondents said the government had "cracked under Chinese pressure."
I understand that more than 65,000 badly-needed apparel job moved from South Africa to China over the past five or so years.No doubt some of these jobs went to China's many forced labour camps, which David Matas and I learned from former Falun Gong workers in them also make garments for export.
The Dalai Lama
The Chinese party-state has unfairly accused the Dalai Lama of fomenting violence in Tibet. In fact, as the spiritual leader of Tibetans, a much-loved honourary citizen of Canada, and the most respected world leader according to a 2008 opinion survey in six European countries, Dalai Lama is certainly is Beijing's best chance for a peaceful resolution of the Tibet Issue.
His Holiness advocates Tibetan autonomy under Chinese rule, but strongly disavows violence and does not favor secession. In an interview last year, he expressed fears that there is a possibility of greater violence after he dies.
Tibet has become a militarized zone. Sandbag outposts have been set up in the middle of towns, army convoys rumble along highways, and paramilitary officers search civilian cars. A curfew has been imposed on Lhasa. Multiply that by the harsh facts over the past five decades: tens of thousands killed; hundreds of thousands imprisoned. Over 6,000 monasteries, nunneries and temples, pillaged and destroyed. Thousands more Tibetans disappeared last year or were imprisoned.
Beijing justifies the closure of Tibet with the need for stability and harmony of the society. It should be reminded of the profound irony that peaceful demonstrations do not disturb stability. The presence of thousands of armed military and police often do.
In another disturbing development, Canadian and British researchers recently discovered a vast electronic spying operation, controlled from computers almost exclusively in China. By far the largest uncovered so far, the system has infiltrated 1295 computers in 103 counties and stolen
documents from hundreds of government and private offices around the world, including those of the Dalai Lama.
Sacrifices by Chinese People
The Chinese people want the same things as all of us. Living standards have improved on the East coast and other urban areas. There are, however, substantial costs to a large percentage of China's people. Many of them continue to be exploited by the party-state and domestic industrial firms, often owned by or contracted for manufacturing to multinationals, which operate today across China often like 19th century American robber barons. This explains partly why the prices of consumer products 'made in China' seem so low-the externalities are borne by workers, their families and the natural environment.
In addition to the destruction of China's cultural heritage and staggering environmental damage, probably the greatest cost paid is the sometimes unimaginable abuse to human rights. The government has imposed decades of relentless persecution of Chinese citizens for their religious beliefs or dissent. We well-wishers of China have long hoped that the country's economic growth would be accompanied by increased respect for human dignity and the rule of law. The reality has been in the opposite direction: gross and systematic human rights violations in China continue undiminished. The party-state continues to regard itself as the only group with a claim to power; it employs every implement of government machinery to create an atmosphere of fear and to oppress one fifth of the world's population.
To mention only one spiritual community, Falun Gong, David Matas, an international human rights lawyer in Canada, and I concluded after our independent investigation that since 2001 the party-state in China and its agencies have killed thousands of Falun Gong practitioners. This was done without trials and in many cases their vital organs were sold for large sums of money, often to 'organ tourists' from wealthy countries (Our report is available in nineteen languages, including Spanish, at www.organharvestinvestigation.net . We amassed 52 kinds of evidence and became convinced beyond any doubt that this crime against humanity has occurred and is still happening.
Many have asked why the government is so violently opposed to Falun Gong, which it fully sanctioned before 1999.
The answer, as a Chinese friend recently explained, is that Falun Gong, with its principles of "truth, compassion and forbearance," has attracted believers from all walks of life, including well-educated professionals, veteran party members and senior government officials. As a community with no visible organizational structure, on April 25, 1999 thousands of Falun
Gong practitioners participated in a sit-in in front of the Party-state government house and left after a day-long of demonstration without leaving a piece of garbage.