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郭国汀律师专栏
·中共极权暴政的野蛮残暴杀人罪孽
·中共人为制造谋杀性大饥荒虐杀农民5000万
·中国反对派不能合作的根源何在?
·共产主义是好的,只是被共产党搞糟了?
·中共极权暴政下根本不可能存在法治
·今日中共还是共产党吗?
·推翻中共专制暴政是替天行道 郭国汀
·中共政权是吸血鬼暴政
·江泽民和胡锦涛均极可能是货真价实的特大汉奸卖国贼!
·中共专制暴政与生态环境
·中共专制暴政正在毁灭中国生态环境
·郭国汀论中共专制暴政与酷刑(上)
·论中共专制暴政与酷刑(中)
·郭国汀论中共专制暴政与酷刑(下)
·郭国汀评论:胡锦涛不是在执政而是在犯罪
·彻底推翻极权专制流氓暴政!永志不忘六四屠城滔天罪孽!
·朱镕基犯有贪污盗窃罪吗?
·朱镕基有关劳动保险金的罪责是非之我见
·中共党员是罪犯!——评贺卫方教授的中共分成两派说
·中共党员是罪犯 无耻无行文人是重罪犯!
·不是中国政府而是中共暴政丧尽天良!不但温家宝而且胡锦涛皆乃政治精神重症患者!
·中国共产党早已病入膏肓无可救药!
·杜绝三鹿毒奶粉事件的三项原则
·郭国汀律师系统批判中共极权专制暴政论文目录
·郭国汀中共政权已经彻底流氓化
·中共是极端残暴下流无耻的流氓暴政 郭国汀
·怀念当代中国最高贵的人——杨天水/张林
·关于中共政权合法性及专制暴政与人种信仰关系的论战 郭国汀
·南郭/推翻颠覆中共流氓暴政有功无罪!
·面对中共流氓暴政全体中国人应当做什么?
·面对十八层地狱,我的真情告白
·我的退党(社)、团、队声明
·从中共控制媒体看中共政权的脆弱
·关于加国公民起诉江泽民罗干李清王茂林案的宣誓证词(英文)
·中共极力扶持缅甸军事专制政府及苏丹专制暴政
·请胡锦涛立即停止疯狂攻击郭国汀律师的电脑
·中共专制暴政恶贯满盈
·申曦(曾节明):剥胡锦涛的画皮
·申曦(曾节明):胡锦涛其人其事
·申曦(曾节明):胡锦涛虚伪狡诈邪恶凶残阴险的真面目
·申曦(曾节明):胡锦涛的伪善与病态人格
·申曦(曾节明):盖棺认定胡氏中共暴政
·申曦(曾节明):江泽民的心病
·申曦(曾节明):邓小平罪孽深重
***(35)中国政治体制批判
·中共政权始终是一个非法政权 郭国汀
·郭国汀律师批判极权专制政治司法教育体制主张自由人权宪政民主文章目录
·郭国汀律师政论时评目录
·中国反抗专制暴政的先驱者与英雄
·郭国汀与横河谈中共暴政阉割国人灵魂使警察成为恶魔
·孙文广、程晓农、郭国汀谈共产党的公务员非法歧视政策
·划时代的审判,创造历史的壮举
·恶法不除,国无宁日
·致加拿大国会的公开函
·中共已是末日疯狂/郭国汀
·三权分立的哲学基础
·虚伪是极权专制的必然付产品-------南郭与中律网友们的对话
·汝竟敢骂共党骂毛泽东!
***(36)中共司法体制批判
·从人权律师的遭遇析中国人权的实际情况
·郭律师评价中国律师诉讼及司法体制现状
·中共专制暴政下为什么冤假错案堆积如山?
·中共勞教制度是人類歷史上最野蠻的制度
·马亚莲案与废除劳教制度
·郭國汀談中共勞教制度下的性酷刑
·郭國汀談萬名公民提出廢除勞教制度建立叻ㄐ袨槌C治法
·郭国汀:违宪、违法
·郭国汀律师谈中国司法现状
·郭国汀称司法黑社会化免死承诺难保赖昌星的命
·为赖昌星遗返案我的宣誓证词
·中华全国律师协会的实质----被阉割与自宫
·郭国汀 司法公正的前提条件
***中共专制暴政是国人一切深重苦难的总根源
·人权律师郭国汀称中共制造法拉盛事件旨在嫁祸抹黑法轮功以转移公众视线
·郭国汀 纽约时报报导死难学生亲属周月悼念地震中无辜牺牲的亲人
·美国顶级地震专家称四川地震有可能未能被预测到
·谁之罪?
·中共专制暴政的罪孽学校跨塌致数千名学生死灭最新统计
·一篇被全球英文博客转载最多的四川地震实况报导
·郭国汀百无一用是中国律师
·我愿意收养一个为救人而牺牲的教师或母亲的遗孤
·中国人持继追问为何众多学校震成碎片废墟? 被全球英文网站转载最多的地震专文
***美国2008年总统大选南郭点评系列
·朗保罗--美国2008年大选最雄劲的黑马
·美国大选最新民意进展分析——美国2008年总统大选南郭点评系列之二
·美国2008年大选程序正义与演讲精华
·欧巴马的通往白宫之旅
·前国务卿鮑威尔支持欧巴马
·麦肯总统候选人的基本政策主张
***(42)中国民主运动研究
· 自由宪政民主运动与中共暴政的决战主战场何在?
·国人应当认清中共政权的极权专制流氓犯罪本质
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(诉江泽民案美国依据国际法的义务:是对公共安全的危胁还是种族灭绝?)接上页博讯www.peacehall.com

   
   
   
    The lawsuit directly implicates international law and state sovereignty. International law provides that a government has a right of self-determination and a right to preserve societal stability within its own borders, without interference from other countries. Nevertheless, international accord tempers these rights by providing that leaders should and can be brought to justice when they commit heinous crimes against their citizens.[15] While the court presents a very well-reasoned dismissal opinion, it may only be possible to properly assess jurisdiction and sovereign immunity under international law by considering the merits of the case. Countries have an obligation to hold leaders responsible for human rights violations that rise to the level of genocide and universal jurisdiction crimes - a scenario in which claims of sovereign immunity claims would be invalid.
   
   
   
   
    In Part II, this article considers Falun Gong and its interactions with the Chinese government. From this part, one can formulate an informed opinion about the relative justification for the ban. Part III presents the claimed human rights abuses. Part IV considers the crime of genocide against the backdrop of twentieth century genocide cases, as well as instances of universal jurisdiction crimes that could arguably abrogate state sovereignty and head-of-state immunity claims. Part V elucidates the parameters of jurisdiction under international law. The analysis in Parts III and IV will introduce the jurisdiction discussion, as well as elucidate the district court's final decision to dismiss the case, pursuant to its obligations under international law, which establish the relative levels of human rights abuses that qualify for closer, international scrutiny.
   
   
   
    II. THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT'S TREATMENT OF FALUN GONG
   
   
   
    A. Chinese Government and Jiang Zemin v. Falun Gong
   
   
   
    1. History of Falun Gong
   
    The founder of Falun Gong is Mr. Li Hongzhi,[16] a Chinese national and permanent resident of the United States. He began teaching principles of Falun Gong across China in the early 1990s, and published the primary treatise on Falun Gong, Falun Gong: Law Wheel Qigong, in 1993.[17] Some describe Falun Gong as a slow motion, martial arts-like, meditative practice that emphasizes living a moral and honest life[18] to cultivate a healthy mind-body connection.[19] Others suggest that it could be classified as a spiritual movement,[20] a religious order[21] or a philosophy.[22] It has claimed peak membership of 80 million within China[23] and million elsewhere.[24]
   
   
   
    In the current media melee, the Chinese government forewarns its citizens that Falun Gong is an "evil cult,"[25]while Falun Gong emphasizes that the Chinese government persecutes and tortures Falun Gong practitioners for their beliefs.[26] Chinese Ambassador to the U.S. Yang Jiechi has stated that Falun Gong selectively chooses which tenets to portray to the West so as to make the group appear more benign.[27] A closer examination of the various categories of Falun Gong's tenets and evolution based on official teachings can serve to elucidate Ambassador Yang's comment.
   
   
   
    By analyzing the progression of Falun Gong's official teachings, it appears that followers travel a spiritual cycle; they transcend a first stage as students and practitioners, who should live an honest and healthy lifestyle and do the regimen of exercises;[28] to a second stage as disciples, who can develop supernatural powers if they devoutly follow Mr. Li Hongzhi;[29] to a third stage as advocates who should oppose the Chinese government at all costs.[30]Ambassador Yang's comment appears to argue that Falun Gong has ignored the fact that the Chinese government claims to be reacting to "harmful" group advocacy instead of doctrinal beliefs.
   
   
   
    The following overview of Falun Gong's central tenets is not destined to question the veracity of the teachings, but rather to provide a fair assessment of the dispute by presenting the Chinese government's claims that the teachings have incited illegalities and societal harm. Alternatively, while there are many Chinese government media releases suggesting a relationship between the above tenets and alleged member wrongdoing, many of the claims could be circumstantial and may not be systematic and widespread, particularly with a group membership that has apparently been as high as 80 million within China. According to Falun Gong's official teachings, the group has very honorable and benign intentions; by following the regimen of exercises and teachings, practitioners not only will evolve spiritually but will also develop very profound "abilities."[31]The Chinese government calls these promises deceptive and claims that its reaction to member advocacy to defend their beliefs is justified for the good of the collective society.
   
   
   
    2. Stage One
   
    The first stage of Falun Gong teachings might be defined as the period in which Mr. Li Hongzhi united religious, spiritual, and philosophical beliefs that have a longstanding history in China. Falun Gong has associated itself with Buddhist and Taoist traditions[32] and predicates its teachings heavily on "Buddha Law," which it calls "the most wondrous and highest science."[33] Buddha Law is the "universe's most fundamental nature, to be True, to be Good, and to Endure."[34] Disciples believe in Karma and previous lives,[35] in fostering ethical human relations, and in attaining a calm mind; the teachings, however depart significantly from Buddhism and Taoism.[36] Falun Gong also promotes a modem variant of the ancient Chinese practices of exercise, deep breathing, and meditation - collectively known as qigong - which enthusiasts claim promotes physical, mental, and spiritual well-being by enhancing the flow of vital energy through the body.[37]
   
   
   
    The progressive aspiration of the Falun Gong disciple is to cultivate character by releasing negative thoughts to reach a higher level of spirituality.[38] This profound yet subtle process is invisible to others.[39] Cultivating is the evolutionary process through which disciples transcend one's original body so that "[the molecular composition of the human body is transformed into high-energy matter."[40] By performing the regimen of qigong exercises,[41] and by living virtuously in thought and deed, [42] one can attain heightened levels of cultivation, thereby reaching higher dimensions that are distinct from that in which one's body presently resides. In short, cultivating to higher levels increases one's gong.[43]
   
   
   
    The height to which one can cultivate depends entirely upon one's ability to endure and bear hardships in the physical world.[44] A Falun Gong member's ultimate goal is to reach consummation, which may mean that the disciple must endure hardship to attain that full evolution.[45] When reaching this highest level of consummation, one must "let go of all worldly attachments (including the attachment to the human body) and have made it through the process of letting go of life and death."[46]
   
   
   
    3. Stage Two
   
    While the foundation of Mr. Li Hongzhi's teachings rely almost entirely on principles and religious practices with a long history in China, he says that any derivative of his teachings should be denounced.[47] He enforces this with a fairly strict regimen of rules mandating exclusive and steadfast devotion to his Dafa.[48] Indeed, there are a number of important attributes that Mr. Li Hongzhi emphasizes which he directly provides to disciples. First, he places a "Law Wheel" in the lower abdomen of disciples[49] and assists them in opening the "third eye"[50] to new levels.[51] The third eye is the gateway to supernatural abilities.[52] Gong potency,[53] and the endurance of suffering[54] will intensify one's supernatural powers.
   
   
   
    According to Mr. Li Hongzhi, some of the supernatural abilities that Falun Gong members have attained include: clairaudience telepathy, precognition,[55] and telekinesis;[56] as well as the abilities to "remotely view" distant places and times, to know the future, to reverse the aging process,[57] to remain young forever, to levitate or fly, to heal oneself and others of ailments,[58] and to disappear on command.[59]However, a disciple never can reveal or unveil these supernormal abilities and experiences to anyone else or Mr. Li Hongzhi could take the powers away.[60]

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