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·对抗性的社会基本矛盾 郭国汀
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·共产专制特权等级制 郭国汀
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·陈尔晋论今日中国社会主要矛盾及前途与命运
·陈泱潮先生在当代中国思想史上的地位 作者:曾节明
***(44)反中共极权专制暴政争自由宪政人权民主绝食抗暴民权运动
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·郭律师致高智晟女儿格格的公开信
·福布斯报导高智晟失踪事件
·胡锦涛必须对高智晟受酷刑负直接罪责!
·郭国汀 高智晟律师为何不发声?
·我眼中的高智晟
·郭国汀 从我的经历看中共当局诽谤高智晟的下流
·所谓高智晟公开声明及悔罪书肯定是伪造的
·真正的中国人的伟大怒吼!
·加拿大著名人权律师安世立支持声援全球绝食抗暴的声明
·闻律师英雄高智晟再遇车祸有感 郭国汀
·呼吁全球万人同步大绝食宣言
·全球接力绝食抗暴运动的伟大意义 郭国汀
·郭国汀声援和平抗暴 呼吁抛弃中共
·中国律师界应全力声援高智晟
·专家剖析高智晟煽动颠覆国家政权案
·抓捕关押高智晟的整个过程都是违法的/郭国汀
·中共迫害高智晟亲人丧心病狂,中共党魁胡锦涛难辞其咎
·绝食维权抗暴日记
·郭国汀 漠视大陆维权是一种自杀行为
·英雄伟人与超人高智晟
·告全体中国律师及法律人书----闻高智晟被秘密绑架感言
·郭国汀: 高智晟遭秘密绑架可能成为中共灭亡的导火索
·给真正的中国女人的公开信
·郭国汀:驳刘荻的非理性投射说
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·将接力绝食抗暴运动进行至最后胜利
·我为中华律师英雄杨在新喝彩 郭国汀
·郭国汀向老戚致敬
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·责令中共当局立即无条件释放兰州大学学生刘西峰!郭国汀
·加拿大著名人权律师ANSLEY支持声援全球绝食抗暴运动的声明
·郭国汀:中国律师应当向高智晟,浦志强律师学习!
***(45)人权研究
***中国人权律师基金会
·郭国汀推荐黄金秋竞选[第三届中国自由文化运动政论奖]推荐函
·郭国汀提名陈泱潮为2009中国自由文化奖之文化成就奖获奖候选人
·郭国汀提名张博树为2009中国自由文化奖之法学奖获奖候选人
·推荐郭国汀先生参选2009年台湾民主人权奖书
·letter of recommendation of Guoting for 2008 Asia Democracy and Human Rights Award
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·Letter of recommendation of Guoting Guo for 2008 The Third Asian Democracy and Human Rights Award
***(46)关注西藏新疆少数民族人权
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***(47)人权律师法律实务
·郭国汀:中国人没有基本人权——2008年加拿大国会中国人权研讨会专稿
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·郭国汀律师受中共政治迫害的直接原因
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联合国防止和惩罚种族灭绝罪的公约(1951)

联合国防止和惩罚种族灭绝罪的公约(1951)
   Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
   Adopted by Resolution 260 (III) A of the U.N. General Assembly on 9 December 1948.
   Entry into force: 12 January 1951.

   
   
   PreambleArt. I: Crime under International Law Art. II: Genocide defined Art. III: Punishable acts Art. IV: Responsible individuals Art. V: National legislation Art. VI: Tribunals Art. VII: Extradition Art. VIII: Prevention and Suppression Art. IX: Disputes submitted to the Int'l Court of Justice Art. X: Languages Art. XI: Signature, ratification and accession Art. XII: Territories Art. XIII: Entry into force Art. XIV: Time period in effect Art. XV: Denunciations Art. XVI: Revision Art. XVII: Notification Art. XVIII: Deposit and transmittal Art. XIX: Registration
   
   The Contracting Parties,
   Having considered the declaration made by the General Assembly of the United Nations in its resolution 96 (I) dated 11 December 1946 that genocide is a crime under international law, contrary to the spirit and aims of the United Nations and condemned by the civilized world,
   Recognizing that at all periods of history genocide has inflicted great losses on humanity, and
   Being convinced that, in order to liberate mankind from such an odious scourge, international co-operation is required,
   Hereby agree as hereinafter provided:
   Article I: The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.
   Article II: In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
   (a) Killing members of the group;
   (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
   (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
   (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
   (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
   Article III: The following acts shall be punishable:
   (a) Genocide;
   (b) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
   (c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
   (d) Attempt to commit genocide;
   (e) Complicity in genocide.
   Article IV: Persons committing genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in article III shall be punished, whether they are constitutionally responsible rulers, public officials or private individuals.
   Article V: The Contracting Parties undertake to enact, in accordance with their respective Constitutions, the necessary legislation to give effect to the provisions of the present Convention, and, in particular, to provide effective penalties for persons guilty of genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in article III.
   Article VI: Persons charged with genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in article III shall be tried by a competent tribunal of the State in the territory of which the act was committed, or by such international penal tribunal as may have jurisdiction with respect to those Contracting Parties which shall have accepted its jurisdiction.
   Article VII: Genocide and the other acts enumerated in article III shall not be considered as political crimes for the purpose of extradition.
   The Contracting Parties pledge themselves in such cases to grant extradition in accordance with their laws and treaties in force.
   Article VIII: Any Contracting Party may call upon the competent organs of the United Nations to take such action under the Charter of the United Nations as they consider appropriate for the prevention and suppression of acts of genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in article III.
   Article IX: Disputes between the Contracting Parties relating to the interpretation, application or fulfilment of the present Convention, including those relating to the responsibility of a State for genocide or for any of the other acts enumerated in article III, shall be submitted to the International Court of Justice at the request of any of the parties to the dispute.
   Article X: The present Convention, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall bear the date of 9 December 1948.
   Article XI: The present Convention shall be open until 31 December 1949 for signature on behalf of any Member of the United Nations and of any nonmember State to which an invitation to sign has been addressed by the General Assembly.
   The present Convention shall be ratified, and the instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
   After 1 January 1950, the present Convention may be acceded to on behalf of any Member of the United Nations and of any non-member State which has received an invitation as aforesaid. Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
   Article XII: Any Contracting Party may at any time, by notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, extend the application of the present Convention to all or any of the territories for the conduct of whose foreign relations that Contracting Party is responsible.
   Article XIII: On the day when the first twenty instruments of ratification or accession have been deposited, the Secretary-General shall draw up a proces-verbal and transmit a copy thereof to each Member of the United Nations and to each of the non-member States contemplated in article XI.
   The present Convention shall come into force on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.
   Any ratification or accession effected, subsequent to the latter date shall become effective on the ninetieth day following the deposit of the instrument of ratification or accession.
   Article XIV: The present Convention shall remain in effect for a period of ten years as from the date of its coming into force.
   It shall thereafter remain in force for successive periods of five years for such Contracting Parties as have not denounced it at least six months before the expiration of the current period.
   Denunciation shall be effected by a written notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
   Article XV: If, as a result of denunciations, the number of Parties to the present Convention should become less than sixteen, the Convention shall cease to be in force as from the date on which the last of these denunciations shall become effective.
   Article XVI: A request for the revision of the present Convention may be made at any time by any Contracting Party by means of a notification in writing addressed to the Secretary-General.
   The General Assembly shall decide upon the steps, if any, to be taken in respect of such request.
   Article XVII: The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall notify all Members of the United Nations and the non-member States contemplated in article XI of the following:
   (a) Signatures, ratifications and accessions received in accordance with article XI;
   (b) Notifications received in accordance with article XII;
   (c) The date upon which the present Convention comes into force in accordance with article XIII;
   (d) Denunciations received in accordance with article XIV;
   (e) The abrogation of the Convention in accordance with article XV;
   (f) Notifications received in accordance with article XVI.
   Article XVIII: The original of the present Convention shall be deposited in the archives of the United Nations.
   A certified copy of the Convention shall be transmitted to each Member of the United Nations and to each of the non-member States contemplated in article XI.
   Article XIX: The present Convention shall be registered by the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the date of its coming into force.
   Text: U.N.T.S. (United Nations Treaty Series), No. 1021, vol. 78 (1951), p. 277.

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