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郭国汀律师专栏
***(7)《Omay 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译校
·王海明序《Omay 海上保险的法律与保险单》
·《OMAY海上保险的法律与保险单》序
·《Omay 海上保险:法律与保险单》译后记
·朱曾杰序《OMAY海上保险的法律与保险单》
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第一章:导论
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第二章:海上保险
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第三章:船舶险I
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第四章:船舶险II
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第五章:货物风险
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第六章:货物除外责任
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第七章:碰撞责任
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第八章:战争险
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第九章:罢工、暴乱和民事骚乱
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第十章:近因
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第十一章:施救费用
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第十二章:共同海损
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第十三章:救助
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第十四章:全损\实际全损
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第十五章:单独海损
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第十六章:代位追偿权
·《OMAY 海上保险:法律与保险单》郭国汀主译 冯立奇校 第十七章:重复保险与分摊
***(8)《郭国汀辩护词代理词自选集》郭国汀著
·《郭国汀辩护词、代理词自选》
·“五懂”律师多多益善--《郭国汀律师辩护词、代理词精选》序
·张思之 他扬起了风帆——序《郭国汀辩护词代理词自选集》
·张凌序《郭国汀辩护词、代理词自选》
***(9)《郭国汀海事海商论文自选》郭国汀著
·《郭国汀海商法论文自选》
***(10)《项目融资》郭国汀 许兆宁 高建平 王崇能译郭国汀审校
·《项目融资》郭国汀 许兆宁 高建平 王崇能 译郭国汀审校 第一章:当事人的目标
·《项目融资》郭国汀 许兆宁 高建平 王崇能 译 第六章:保险问题
·《项目融资》郭国汀 许兆宁 高建平 王崇能 译 第四章:信用(融资)协议
·《项目融资》郭国汀 许兆宁 高建平 王崇能 译 第十章:未来
·《项目融资》郭国汀 许兆宁 高建平 王崇能 译 第八章:其他法律问题
***(11)《油污和碰撞责任》郭国汀译
·《油污和碰撞责任》郭国汀译 第三编:油污 第十一章:导论
·《油污和碰撞责任》郭国汀译 第三编:油污 第十二章:船舶油污及国际公共卫生法的调整
***(12)《国际贸易法》郭国汀、陆怡、李涛译
·《国际贸易法》郭国汀、陆怡、李涛译 第六章:国际技术转让
·《国际贸易法》郭国汀、陆怡、李涛译 第七章:外国投资
***(13)《国际海事海商法》郭国汀、沈军、王崇能、冯敏译
·《国际海事海商法》郭国汀、沈军、王崇能、冯敏译 第一章:海事海商法的简明历史
·《国际海事海商法》郭国汀、沈军、王崇能、冯敏译 第五章:拖航
·《国际海事海商法》郭国汀、沈军、王崇能、冯敏译 第十章:管辖及程序
·《国际海事海商法》郭国汀、沈军、王崇能、冯敏译 第十一章:海洋污染
·《国际海事海商法》郭国汀、沈军、王崇能、冯敏译 第十二章:特别法定权利、海上留置权、抵押权及其他请求权
·《国际海事海商法》郭国汀、沈军、王崇能、冯敏译 第十三章:旅客运输
***(14)《现代提单的法律与实务》郭国汀/赖民译
·《现代提单的法律与实务》译者的话/郭国汀译
***(15)《审判的艺术》郭国汀译
·《审判的艺术》译者的话/郭国汀
***(16)《国际经济贸易法律与律师实务》郭国汀/高子才合著
·《国际经济贸易法律与律师实务》作者的话/郭国汀
***(17)《当代中国涉外经济纠纷案精析》郭国汀主编
·《当代中国涉外经济纠纷案精析》主编的话/郭国汀
***(18)《国际海商法律实务》郭国汀主编
·《国际海商法律实务》主编前言/郭国汀
***(19)《南郭独立评论》郭国汀著
·【郭國汀評論】第一集我為什麼要為法輪功辯護
·【郭国汀评论】第二集从自焚伪案看中共的邪教本质
·《郭国汀评论》第三集国际专家学者如何看待法轮功?
·【郭國汀評論】第四集:中共為何懼怕曾節明
·【郭國汀評論】第五集:憶通律師事務所遭遇停業的真正原因
·《郭国汀评论》第七集:江泽民是货真价实的汉奸卖国贼
·《郭国汀评论》第八集:从陈世忠的“第二种忠诚”看中共司法黑暗
·【郭國汀評論】第九集-苏家屯事件(盗卖法轮功学员人体器官)是中共的滑鐵盧
·《郭国汀评论》第十集:蘇家屯事件(活体盗卖法轮功学员人体器官)是中共的滑鐵盧(下集)
·《郭国汀评论》:第十二集:爱中华必须反共!
·《郭国汀评论》第十三集:为六四“反革命暴徒”抗辩
·《郭国汀评论》第十四集:什么是我们为之奋斗的民主?
·《郭国汀评论》第十五集:为邓玉娇抗辩(上)
·《郭国汀评论》第十六集 我为邓玉娇抗辩(下)
·《郭国汀评论》第十七集:强烈谴责中共暴政迫害中国人权律师
·《郭國汀評論》第十八集:中共专制暴政正在毁灭中国生态环境
·《郭国汀评论》第二十二集:论法轮功精神运动的伟大意义
·郭国汀评论:论中共政权的非法性《郭国汀评论》第23集
·郭国汀评论:论中共专制暴政下的酷刑
·郭国汀评论第二十八集:中共极权专制暴政下不可能有任何新闻自由
·中共暴政在重演萨斯疫骗局?!
·让人权恶棍无处可逃----评西班牙国家法院受理江泽民群体灭绝罪反人类罪和酷刑罪案
·论反共与反专制暴政
·论反共与反专制暴政(下)
·颠覆及煽动颠覆国家政权罪抗辩要点?
·简评刘晓波煽动颠覆国家政权案一审判决
·论冯正虎精神
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Beyond the Constitution

Beyond the Constitution
   by James Leroy Wilson
   Mr. Wilson, in your latest article on LewRockwell.com you state that the 1787 constitution cannot be counted on to ensure liberty. Point taken! However, what should we then strive for? A return to the Articles of Confederation or an even more decentralized league of polities that looks more like the Holy Roman Empire than the EU? Personally, I'd say make Washington the equivalent for the lower 48 to what New York is to the UN members. What would you propose?
   Every nation, including the USA, is ruled by men, not by laws or constitutions. Liberty is protected by the people, to the extent that they desire liberty. And that is, ultimately, a cultural, rather than a merely political, question. The people of today will interpret the Constitution to mean what they want it to mean. But that is not to say that the Constitution has not itself profoundly influenced our culture. The institutions of authority into which we are born affect our worldviews. A lapsed (no longer following the practices of one’s religion)Catholic would see the world differently than a lapsed Lutheran, who would see it differently than a lapsed Moslem. A child raised with an abusive father would see things differently than a child raised with no father at all.
   Likewise, the laws of the land will influence our view of the world. As I wrote yesterday, the Constitution did not invent liberty, and will not protect it if the people want to give it up for something else. But I shouldn’t discount the Constitution too much. When the people seek to overturn injustice and the encroachments(intrude upon)of the State, they invoke the Constitution and especially its Bill of Rights, not an abstract ideal of liberty. The Constitution has been admired not just by Americans, but also by classical liberals and libertarians throughout the world. Indeed, it is hard to conceive of a libertarian movement without it.
   Although not a libertarian document, it provides the legal standard by which we oppose the Welfare State, the Police State, and Imperial Warfare State. So while the Constitution did not invent liberty, it has helped shape libertarian beliefs and values – our conception of liberty in and for America. Laws tend to do that, for good and for ill: they help shape our worldviews.
   What I don’t think we should do, however, is go "back" to a political tradition which respected the Constitution, for reasons stated yesterday. More than that, it is impossible. We go forward in time, not backward. The nature of the Republic and its people have changed. Phases in a life, or in a country, do not revolve. As time marches on, we enter new phases; we do not re-enter old ones. We will not go back to the beliefs and practices 1912, 1884, 1836, or 1776. Nor would we want to. Previous generations may have preserved the Constitution better, but they also preserved a lot of other beliefs and values we find reprehensible. To advocate "going back" to the Constitution is "politically incorrect" in its truest sense: it is unfeasible, counter-productive, and foolish. Many people think we still live under the Constitution and will wonder what we’re talking about anyway. Many others do not even care about the Constitution at all, or view it as an obstacle to their ideological agenda.
   The alternative is to move beyond the Constitution. This is what my correspondent asks. What would that look like? I don’t know, exactly, and no blueprint drawn up today will ever come to fruition(fulfillment of plans , aims, desired, results) exactly as planned anyway. But freedom is our value, our highest political end, and we ought not confuse means such as democracy, separation of powers, and federalism, with that end.
   The key is to preserve our best traditions and values as we move forward, to promote those things that once made us feel lucky and proud to be Americans: a commitment to peace and the avoidance of entangling(to cause to become twisted or mixed with something else) alliances and needless disputes with foreign nations; the preservation of our traditional civil liberties (speech, religion, self-defense, due process of law); democratic, decentralized(to move government from one central place to several different smaller ones), local government; free, unregulated trade within a large common market. These are desirable no matter the form of our political arrangements, and our political arrangements will be shaped by these values.
   To move "beyond" the Constitution means to frame debates in moral terms, not Constitutional legalese. For values shape culture, and culture shapes politics. Who should control the schools, parents or federal ’crats? Who should prescribe grandma’s pain medication, her doctor or the Attorney General? If a hurricane devastates a state, why is its National Guard thousands of miles away "liberating" strangers who despise our occupation? Why are our women fondled by federal security at airports?
   If the people, or the states, say, "Enough is enough!" then we will see change. We just don’t know what it will look like. It may mean dissolution of the Union and the creation of independent states and/or regional confederations. Or maybe the Union will stick together, with Constitutional balances restored. It doesn’t particularly matter to me.
   So you could say that I am striving for peace and freedom. If these become our nation’s values once again, then the politics will take care of itself.
   March 17, 2005
   James Leroy Wilson [send him mail] is a columnist for the Partial Observer and blogs at "Independent Country." He currently resides in eastern Washington State.
   Copyright © 2005 LewRockwell.com
   Thomasgguo note: this article describe the Constitution’s values and aims in the eyes of journalist, following comment really well worth consider more detail:
    “ Every nation is ruled by men, not by laws or constitutions. Liberty is protected by the people, to the extent that they desire liberty. And that is, ultimately, a cultural, rather than a merely political, question.” However, without freedom of express, speech, religion, the cultural will be destroied and damage the value finally; thus the fundament human right, must be the freedom.
    “the laws of the land will influence our view of the world. the Constitution did not invent liberty, and will not protect it if the people want to give it up for something else.” Rule of law or rule of man is quite different way, law is the standard rule which each member should be obey and accords when they wish have a peace and harmony life. The liberty was not born of nature, it is only realize by human being after years pain experience, and create and protect by Constitution.
   “while the Constitution did not invent liberty, it has helped shape libertarian beliefs and values – our conception of liberty in and for America.” Although the constitution did not invent the liberty itself, it is create through the men, it is clear that without constitution government without liberty.
   “But freedom is our value, our highest political end, and we ought not confuse means such as democracy, separation of powers, and federalism, with that end.” Freedom is topest aims of human being, the purpose of political should be protect and realize the freedom.
   The American’s main values “a commitment to peace and the avoidance of entangling(to cause to become twisted or mixed with something else) alliances and needless disputes with foreign nations; the preservation of our traditional civil liberties (speech, religion, self-defense, due process of law); democratic, decentralized(to move government from one central place to several different smaller ones), local government; free, unregulated trade within a large common market.” What are Chinese value?
   “To move "beyond" the Constitution means to frame debates in moral terms, not Constitutional legalese.”

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