27, 2002. One month later, Zhao was formally charged with “incitement to subvert State power”, and in August 2003, he was sentenced to five years in prison.
   
   Background information:
   
   Mr. Zhao Changqing is currently undergoing his third term in custody for peacefully expressing his views on democracy and political reforms.
   
   He was arrested for the first time on June 4, 1989, and spent four months in prison following his involvement in the pro-democracy movement.
   
   In August 1997, he wrote an essay on political reforms and ran for election as representative to the People’s Congress but he was subjected to pressures to withdraw. He was secretly detained before the ballots could be cast on January 14, 1997, and was sentenced to three years of imprisonment in July 1998 for “incitement to subvert State power” because he had accused the local government of violating election laws.
   
   Actions required:
   
   Please write to the Chinese authorities urging them to:
   
   i. Guarantee in all circumstances the physical and psychological integrity of Mr. Zhao Changqing;
   
   ii. Release immediately Mr. Zhao Changqing and ensure that the charges against him be dropped as they are arbitrary;
   
   iii. Conform with the provisions of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 9, 1998, especially its article 1, which states that “everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, to promote and to strive for the protection and realisation of human rights and fundamental freedoms at the national and international levels”, article 6(b), which states that “everyone has the right, individually and in association with others (...) to publish, impart or disseminate to others views, information and knowledge on all human rights and fundamental freedoms”, and its article 8(2), which provides that “everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, to submit to governmental bodies and agencies and organisations concerned with public affairs criticism and proposals for improving their functioning and to draw attention to any aspect of their work that may hinder or impede the promotion, protection and realisation of human rights and fundamental freedoms”;
   
   iv. Ensure in all circumstances respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with international human rights standards and international instruments ratified by the People’s Republic of China.
   
   Addresses:
   
   President Hu Jintao, People’s Republic of China, c/o Embassy of the People’s Republic of China; 2300 Connecticut Ave., NW, Washington, D.C., 20008, USA, Fax: +01 202 588-0032
   
   President Hu Jintao, People’s Republic of China, c/o Permanent Mission of the People’s Republic of China, Chemin de Surville 11, Case postale 85, 1213 Petit-Lancy 2, Genève, Suisse, Fax: +41 22 7937014, E-mail: mission.china@ties.itu.int
   
   Minister of Justice of the People’s Republic of China, Zhang Fusen Buzhang, Sifabu, 10 Chaoyangmen Nandajie, Chaoyangqu, Beijingshi 100020, People’s Republic of China, Fax: +86 10 6529 2345
   
   Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Li Zhaoxing Buzhang Waijiaobu, 2 Chaoyangmen Nandajie, Beijingshi 100701, People’s Republic of China, Fax: +86 10 6588 2594, Email: ipc@fmprc.gov.cn
   
   Ambassador, Sha Zukang, Permanent Mission of the People’s Republic of China, Ch. De Surville, CP 85, 1213 Petit-Lancy 2, Suisse, e-mail: mission.china@ties.itu.int, Fax : +41 22 793 70 14
   
   Please also write to the diplomatic representations of the People’s Republic of China in your respective countries.
   
   ***
   
   Geneva-Paris, February 13, 2006
   
   Kindly inform us of any action undertaken quoting the code of this appeal in your reply.
   
   The Observatory, a FIDH and OMCT venture, is dedicated to the protection of Human Rights Defenders and aims to offer them concrete support in their time of need.
   
   The Observatory was the winner of the 1998 Human Rights Prize of the French Republic.
   
   To contact the Observatory, call the emergency line:
   Email : Appeals@fidh.omct.org
   
   Tel et fax FIDH : + 33 1 43 55 55 05 / 33 1 43 55 18 80
   Tel et fax OMCT : +41 22 809 49 39 / 41 22 809 49 29

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