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郭国汀律师专栏
·苏联共产党暴政的滔天罪行:共产党暴政罪恶实录系列评论之十二
·中国共产党极权流氓暴政的滔天罪孽:共产党暴政罪恶实录系列评论之十三
·论共产党极权暴政的归宿-- 2010年全球支持中國和亞洲民主化斯特拉斯堡大會专稿
·金正日真面目
·韩战真相
***(25)《苏联东欧天鹅绒革命》郭国汀编译
·东欧天鹅绒革命导论
·苏联政治民主革命:共产党国极权暴政崩溃原因分析系列评论之一
·罗马尼亚暴力革命:共产党国极权暴政崩溃原因分析系列评论之二
·匈牙利静悄的革命:共产党国极权暴政崩溃原因分析之三
·捷克戏剧性革命:共产党国极权暴政崩溃原因分析之四
·东德和平革命:共产党国极权暴政崩溃原因分析之五
·波兰自我限制的革命:共产党极权暴政崩溃原因分析之六
·罗马尼亚35天革命成功真相
·社会转媒(国际互联网)对阿拉伯之春革命的巨大作用
·郭国汀:苏共政权垮台的根本原因
·阿拉伯之春埃及部分成功的革命
·阿拉伯之春:突尼斯成功的革命
·觉醒的人民粉碎专制体制:阿拉伯革命
·民主革命决非恐怖主义
·东欧各国追究共产党罪犯的罪责概况
·共产党专制暴政皆依赖秘密政治警察实行极权恐怖统治
·共产党极权暴政利用强制劳改劳教集中营野蛮残暴迫害人民
·共产党极权专制暴政实质上皆与人民为敌
·共产党极权专政暴政的大清洗
·共产党极权专制暴政皆利用强制劳改集中营野蛮迫害人民
·共产党极权专制暴政皆践踏法律司法暗无天日
·共产党极权专制暴政皆疯狂迫害宗教信仰者
***(26)《共产主义的历史》郭国汀编译
·序《共产主义的历史》
·共产主义的理论与实践批判
·列宁主义批判
·斯大林主义批判
·西方国家的共产主义
·第三世界的共产主义
·共产主义谬误的根源及其注定失败的原因
·共产党政权跨台的理论与实践根源
·马克思确认共产主义是“可怕的妖精”和“鬼魂”及“幽灵”
·共产主义注定败亡的十四项理由
·人类不平等的起源究竟是什么?
·郭国汀马克思主义批判
·宗教是毒药!宗教是引人堕落的意识世界吗?!
·马克思列宁毛泽东为何仇恨宗教?
·共产党政权为何仇恨宗教?
·共产党仇恨宗教的根源
·中共政权极度腐败的宗教根源
·共产党仇恨宗教的根源—与网友的讨论
***(27)《列宁不为人知的故事》郭国汀编译
·列宁不为人知的故事(1)
· 列宁不为人知的故事(2)
·列宁不为人知的故事(3)
·列宁不为人知的故事(4)
·列宁不为人知的故事(5)
·列宁不为人知的故事(6)
·列宁不为人知的故事(7)
·列宁不为人知的故事(8)
·列宁不为人知的故事(9)
·列宁不为人知的故事(10)
·列宁不为人知的故事(11)
·列宁不为人知的故事(12)
·列宁不为人知的故事(13)
·列宁不为人知的故事(14)
·列宁不为人知的故事(15)
·列宁不为人知的故事(16)
·列宁是天真无知与考茨基的远见卓识
·马克思私生子考评
***(28)《苏俄革命》郭国汀编译
· 列宁共产主义实践的恶果
·极权主义术语的由来
·苏俄十月革命真相
· 列宁首创一党专制体制
· 卖国求权的布列斯特和约
·革命的真实含义
·支撐沙皇的五大政治力量--俄國革命前夕的历史格局
·1917年俄国二月革命
·权欲知识分子与苏俄革命
***(29)《基督教与人类文明》郭国汀编译
·《基督教与文明》
·基督教是自由资本主义之母
·基督教与共产党暴政
·天主教皇与犹太人
·纳粹和法西斯极权主义与基督教及罗马教皇
·极权主义是基督教文化的产物吗?
·纳粹决非极左而是极右也非国家社会主义而是国家资本主义
·恐怖主义与反犹太主义
·纳粹极权兴亡简史
·进化论与基督教信仰
·西班牙宗教法庭
·中国基督教发展简史
·基督教与现代语言
·基督教与理性
·基督教的慈善爱与大学文化教育
·罗马帝国为何迫害基督教?
·基督教与诗歌文学音乐绘画建筑艺术文化美学
·基督教与科学和利玛窦
·基督教与法学
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(《协会保险条款诠释》陈剖建/郭国汀译 第四编 对船东的附加保险)接上页博讯www.peacehall.com

    6.2 any change, voluntary or otherwise, in the ownership or flag, transfer to new management, or charter on a bareboat basis, or requisition for title or use of the Vessel, provided that, if the Vessel has cargo on board and has already sailed from her loading port or is at sea in ballast, such automatic termination shall if required be deferred, whilst the Vessel continues her planned voyage, until arrival at final port of discharge if with cargo or at port of destination if in ballast. However, in the event of requisition for title or sue without the prior execution of a written agreement by the Assured, such automatic termination shall occur fifteen days after such requisition whether the Vessel is at sea or in port.
   A pro rata daily net return of premium shall be made provided that a total loss of the Vessel, whether by insured perils or otherwise, has not occurred during the period covered by this insurance or any extension thereof.
   6 终止
   本保险的任何条款,不论是手写的,打印的还是印刷的,凡与本条不一致时,均以本条为准。
   除非保险人书面另行同意,本保险在下列情况发生时自动终止:
   6.1 保险船舶的船级社变更,或其船级变更,暂停、终止、撤回或期满、或船级社的定期检验过期,除非船级社同意延期进行此种检验,但如果船舶在海上,此种自动终止应延迟到船舶抵达下一港口时。然而,如果此种船级变更、暂停、终止、撤回、或定期检验过期,是由本保险第6条承保的灭失或损害造成的,或者是由根据现行协会船舶战争险和罢工险定期保险条款承保的灭失或损害引起的,此种自动终止,仅于船舶未经船级社事先同意在下一港口开航时,或在定期检验过期的情况下,船级社未同意延期进行此种检验时,方始生效。
   6.2 自愿或以其他方式变更船舶所有权或船旗,转让给新的管理人、光船出租或被征购、征用,但如果船上载有货物且已从装货港开航,或在海上空载航行,经要求,此种自动终止应延迟,直至船舶继续其计划航程,载货船舶到达最后卸货港为止,空载船舶到达目的港为止。不过,如果征购、征用未事先与被保险人签订书面协议,那么无论船舶是在海上还是在港内,此种自动终止将在船舶被征用后15天开始生效。
   净保险费按日比例退还,但以在本保险承保期间或其延展期间保险船舶未发生全损为条件,不论全损是否由承保危险造成。
   本第6条与1995年11月1日协会船舶定期保险条款的相应条款相同。受限制性条件(Restricted Condition)诸如,针对全损风险、共同海损和3/4碰撞责任的制约,见第159页。1995年11月1日格式与1983年10月1日格式之间的区别,已在协会船舶定期保险条款的基本格式条文中考虑,见第97页至100页。
   第7条 危险条款(Perils)
   7 PERILS
    7.1 This insurance covers loss of the subject-matter insured caused by
    7.1.1 perils of the seas rivers lakes or other navigable waters
    7.1.2 fire, explosion
    7.1.3 violent theft by persons from outside the Vessel
    7.1.4 jettison
    7.1.5 piracy
    7.1.6 contact with land conveyance, dock or harbour equipment or installation
    7.1.7 earthquake volcanic eruption or lightning
    7.1.8 accidents in loading discharging or shifting cargo or fuel.
    7.2 This insurance covers loss of the subject-matter insured caused by
    7.2.1 bursting of boilers breakage of shafts or any latent defect in the machinery or hull
    7.2.2 negligence of Master Officers Crew or Pilots
    7.2.3 negligence of repairers or charterers provided such repairers or charterers are not an Assured hereunder
    7.2.4 barratry of Master Officers or Crew
    7.2.5 contact with aircraft, helicopters or similar objects or objects falling therefrom
    provided such loss has not resulted from want of due diligence by the Assured, Owners, Managers or Superintendents or any of their onshore management.
    7.3 Masters Officers Crew or Pilots not to be considered Owners within the meaning of this Clause 7 should they hold shares in the Vessel.
   7 危险
    7.1 本保险承保下列原因造成的保险标的的灭失:
    7.1.1 海上、江河、湖泊或其他可航水域的危险
    7.1.2 火灾、爆炸
    7.1.3 来自保险船舶外的人员的暴力盗窃
    7.1.4 抛弃
    7.1.5 海盗
    7.1.6 与陆上运输工具、码头或港口设备、设施接触
    7.1.7 地震、火山爆发或闪电
    7.1.8 装卸或搬移货物或燃料过程中的意外事故
    7.2 本保险承保下列原因造成的保险标的的灭失
    7.2.1 锅炉破裂、尾轴断裂,或者机器、船壳的潜在缺陷
    7.2.2 船长、高级船员、船员或引航员的过失
    7.2.3 修船人或承租人的过失,如果此种修船人或承租人不是本保险的被保险人
    7.2.4 船长、高级船员或船员的欺诈恶行
    7.2.5 与航空器、直升飞机或类似物体,或从其上坠落的物体触碰,如果此种灭失并非由于被保险人、船东、管理人或船技主管或其岸上管理人员未谨慎处理所致。
    7.3 船长、高级船员、船员或引航员拥有保险船舶股份的,也不视作本条意义上的船东。
   第8条 污染危险条款(Pollution Hazard)
   8 POLLUTION HAZARD
    This insurance covers loss of the subject matter insured caused by any governmental authority acting under the powers vested in it to prevent or mitigate a pollution hazard or damage to the environment, or threat thereof, resulting directly from a peril covered by this insurance, provided that such act of governmental authority has not resulted from want of due diligence by the Assured, Owners or Managers to prevent or mitigate such hazard or damage, or threat thereof. Masters Officers Crew or Pilots not to be considered Owners within the meaning of this Clause 8 should they hold shares in the Vessel.
   8 污染危险
   本保险承保由于任何政府当局依其授权为防止或减少因保险标的应由保险人负责的损害直接引起的污染危险或环境损害或其威胁采取行动造成保险标的的损失,如果政府当局的此种行为不是由于保险船舶的被保险人、船东或管理人在防止或减轻此种危险或损害或其威胁采取行动方面未能谨慎处理所致。若船长、高级船员、船员或引航员持有保险船舶股份,不视为本第8条意义上的船东。
   除了删除“损害”(damage)一词外,这些条款与1995年11月1日协会船舶定期保险条款的相应条款实质相同。其中将“保险船舶”用“保险标的”替换。见第100页至118页。
   第9条 运费碰撞条款(Freight Collision)
   9 FREIGHT COLLISION
    9.1 It is further agreed that if the Vessel shall come into collision with any other vessel and the Assure shall in consequence thereof become liable to pay and shall pay by way of damages to any other person or persons any sum or sums in respect of the amount of freight taken into account in calculating the measure of the liability of the Assured for
    9.1.1 loss of or damage to any other vessel or property on any other vessel
    9.1.2 delay to or loss of use of any such other vessel or property thereon
    9.1.3 general average of, salvage of, or salvage under contract of, any such other vessel or property thereon, the Underwriters will pay the Assured such proportion of three-fourths of such sum or sums so paid applying to freight as their respective subscriptions hereto bear to the total amount insured on freight, or to the gross freight earned on the voyage during which the collision occurred if this be greater.
    9.2 Provided always that:
    9.2.1 liability of the Underwriters in respect of any one such collision shall not exceed their proportionate part of three-fourths of the total amount insured hereon on freight, and in cases in which, with the prior consent in writing of the Underwriters, the liability of the vessel has been contested or proceedings have been taken to limit liability, they will also pay a like proportion of three-fourths of the costs, appertaining proportionately to the freight portion of damages, which the Assured shall thereby incur or be compelled to pay;
    9.2.2 no claim shall attach to this insurance:
    9.2.2.1 which attaches to any other insurance covering collision liabilities
    9.2.2.2 which is, or would be, recoverable in the terms of the Institute 3/4ths Collision Liability Clause if the Vessel were insured in the terms of such Institute 3/4ths Collision Liability Clause for a value not less than the equivalent in pounds sterling, at the time of commencement of this insurance, of the Vessel’s limit of liability calculated in accordance with Article 6.1(b) of the 1976 Limitation Convention,
    9.2.3 this Clause 9 shall in no case extend or be deemed to extend to any sum which the Assured may become liable to pay or shall pay for or in respect of:
    9.2.3.1 removal or disposal, under statutory powers or otherwise, of obstructions, wrecks, cargoes or any other thing whatsoever
    9.2.3.2 any real or personal property or thing whatsoever except other vessels or property on other vessels
    9.2.3.3 pollution or contamination, or threat thereof, of any real or personal property or thing whatsoever (except other vessels with which the insured Vessel is in collision or property on such other vessels) or damage to the environment, or threat thereof, save that this exclusion shall not extend to any sum which the Assured shall pay for or in respect of salvage remuneration in which the skill and efforts of the salvors in preventing or minimising damage to the environment as is referred to in Article 13 paragraph 1(b) of the International Convention of Salvage, 1989 have been taken into account

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