政党社团之声
[发表评论] [查看此文评论]    缅甸风云
[主页]->[政党社团之声]->[缅甸风云]->[Junta Uses Racism as Weapon against All Oppositions]
BURMA-缅甸风云
·赛万赛笑缅甸军政府杀一儆百
·对掸邦昆沙的另类盖棺论定
·缅甸丹瑞大帝笑评东盟宪章
·缅甸大帝与总理谈东盟来龙去脉
·缅甸众土族委员会拜访印度观察家研究基金会
·缅甸众土族委员会答印度记者问
·苦修我不入地狱谁入地狱的缅甸高僧
·巴瓯民族解放组织支持昂山素姬声明
·缅甸丹瑞大帝2007年12月3日语录
·缅甸民族委员会欢呼美国HR3890号制裁决议
·缅甸问题根源是彬龙精神不见了
·克伦族谴责缅甸种族灭绝内战
·缅甸丹瑞大帝笑骂民主
·缅甸学运领袖波昂觉永垂不朽!
·缅甸联邦土族与少数民族问题
·缅甸各族欢呼联合国原住民权利宣言
·缅甸若开邦人民致函联合国
·纪念缅甸独立节60周年
·缅甸掸族公主痛斥军政府
·缅甸土族哭祭60周年独立节
·古来稀大哥的前列腺毛病
·缅甸僧伽与人民,是鱼水关系
·缅甸僧伽们入世行动了
·钦族阵线谈印度与缅甸军政府
·缅甸民族委员会08年元月24日声明
·缅甸掸族拟加入众土族委员会ENC
·缅甸掸族领袖赛万赛答缅甸文摘问
·由红色高棉想到缅甸军政府
·缅甸掸族的61周年掸邦节
·克伦族掸族领袖游说欧盟6年15次
·平等、民主、发展——救缅甸!
·与赛万赛谈2008年初缅甸局势
·缅甸联邦民族委员会对曼侠被杀害之声明
·人倒下,但曼侠英魂永远活着!
·缅甸革命师生痛失曼侠学兄
·曼侠名列缅甸军政府刺杀单
·谈缅甸国民大会、公投、普选
·美国教授讲缅甸的过去现在未来
·反对缅甸5月公投与2010年普选?
·国际缅甸僧伽总会拜访海牙UNPO
·正视缅甸宪法公投与大选
·缅甸问题以和为贵、利民为本
·缅甸独裁政府——你不打,他不倒!
·缅甸联邦民族委员会有关“宪法公投”声明
·国民党马与民进党谢的选后感言
·温教授评缅甸公投与大选
·NCUB的缅甸反法西斯63周年声明
·达赖喇嘛发表“对全球华人的呼吁”
·“黃金甲--詩篇”
·寒竹点评 “达赖言论”
·缅甸另两大力量对宪法公决的声明
·缅甸在野另七党派反对宪法公决
·给斯宾诺莎的信
·缅甸在野众党派对停战集团的呼吁
·请国际监察员来缅甸察督全民公投
·缅甸钦族委员会第二周年大会声明
·分离运动与自决权问题
·缅甸僧伽新年祈祷民主快来
·Burmese Monks Pray for Democracy
·达赖、缅藏、僧伽喇嘛、背后黑手
·UNPO第九届大会将在欧洲议会召开
·缅甸僧伽昭告人民书
·缅甸国内外僧伽民众4月26日反宪法公投
·缅甸工联FTUB向国际控诉
·缅甸联邦民族委员会五一劳动节声明
·中国学者谈缅甸民主前景
·缅甸僧伽对国际救济的紧急呼吁
·送缅甸将军们上国际刑事法庭
·Deliver the Junta of Burma to the International Criminal Court
·缅甸新宪法、军政府、反对势力
·缅甸反对党派不承认伪宪法与公投结果
·熊飞骏:马英九胜选的十大启示
·民意转求真正缅甸联邦制——不闹独立了
·缅甸众民族团结阵线12党不承认伪公投伪结果
·缅甸风灾,丹瑞大将有话说
·缅甸妇联要扭送丹瑞集团到国际刑事法庭
·缅甸反对力量、军政府、国际刑事法庭
·缅甸军政府要吃掉停战集团了
·缅甸军政府逼迫停战集团缴械参选
·缅人与团体到国际刑事法庭状告缅甸将军们
·缅甸人民恳求联合国:驱逐非法军政府!
·缅甸掸邦第四特区不任军政府宰割!
·反对军政府代表缅甸出席联合国2008年大会
·缅甸民选议员致函联合国与安理会
·缅甸教授与书生座谈“德先生”
·缅甸人民为何痛恨8——尤其8888?
·明天会更老还是更好?
·悲欢离合+生老病死
·秘方:马铃薯胡萝卜苹果三鲜榨汁
·温教授貌强合述缅甸的过去与现在
·对温教授貌强合述缅甸史之补充-1
·缅甸是东南亚另一只经济小虎?
·为2010年大选,甘巴里再访缅甸
·缅甸军政府撕毁停战协定?
·联合国与欧美对风灾后缅甸改变策略
·缅甸东掸邦民族民主自治区岌岌可危
·看佤邦联军如何死里求生
·美国加州缅华移民思想言行录
·恸上世纪60年代南洋排华
·后溪穴治腰酸背痛近视眼花
·蹲功——改善糖尿血压心肺功能
[列出本栏目所有内容]
欢迎在此做广告
Junta Uses Racism as Weapon against All Oppositions

(S.H.A.N. & Burma's News Published by Burma's Chinese 貌强,缅甸华族)

   By Mahn Kyaw Swe Civil war broke out since Burma gained independence from British. Within 6 decades of civil war too much bloodshed occurred in our homeland. There is no sign that SPDC junta is willing to talk with NLD party or ethnic armed groups to end 6 decades long civil war or to bring national reconciliation practically. Instead, SPDC's secret agents create more confusion and hatred between Burman and none-Burman using racism to hold the power for its best benefit. Whether it is in national convention, intellectual debates, or everyday conflicts of all Burmese discussion groups and communities, racism is burning us all. Some of us have third degree burns or have died from it effects, many others live in the charred wreckage. Most of us suffer first and second degree burns at some time in our lives. We all live with fear in the glow of the fire's menacing and distorted light. We saw the fire flare up and again, as we are frightened. Many of us wanted to do something, to pick up a bucket of water and throw water on the flames, but he size of the blaze seemed to make our individual effort useless. Majority of Burman are scared of ethnic nationalities about their right of self-determination as separatist ideas. For that reason, Burmese regime used its army to control ethnic territories. Most of the ethnic people are scared about violence used by the army, economic exploitation, forced labour, extra judicial Killing, torture and looting. They moved away from to avoid from the Burmese army. Most of the time those fears are directed toward Burman (Bamar). Even though many Burmese including ethnic nationalities came to exile after 1989 and received good education in the western countries, some of them are even more fear and feel more insecure than ever. Once again the agenda of ethnic conflict of Burma and the use of racism as a weapon by SPDC regime was brought to our attention. U Tin Maung Win, former member of CRDB mentioned in his book about the circle of racism as a pot of pickle (Chin Phet Oh), during his time of struggle as an armed resistant with PDP under the leadership of U Nu. Besides, many of us thought that we were too far away from the cause of the fire to make a difference. Racism is often described as a problem of prejudice. Prejudice is certainly one result of racism, and fuels further acts of violence toward people of ethnics. A Karen witness who does not identify his name recalled his memory regarding a plot of racial conflict created by MIs during 1988 uprising. In his detail, he described that the ruling military junta's attempt to flare up ethnic conflict between Burman and Karen as follow. An unidentified source said that, "about five hundreds of Karen national costume were stolen from Theingee Zey department store, in Rangoon, the capital city of Burma. Those clothes would be used by pro BSPP demonstrators on the street. They were not really Karen ethnic people, but they were just MIs (military Intelligents). We were going to beat them hard on the street." On the other hand, a Pwo Karen community leader approached to him and said that "I received a letter from Mahn Win Maung, former president of Union of Burma, and he requested that to gather Karen people for demonstration leaving from Insein junction to march along the Insein Road to Thamaing." Then he asked the community leader did he meet that person who brought the letter to him. "No, I didn't." He answered to me. He is very honest typical Karen who is ready to take the order. "I already told other Karen community from Thamaing and North Okkla to join us.", he continued. They were so willing to come out with Karen costume. I suddenly connected from two sources of information and made a quick decision. "Mahn, please inform all Karen people you invited by telling them the demonstration is cancelled. Nobody needs to show up. Stay home and stay safe." It seemed to me he had no clue when I told him like this. He insisted that, but Mahn Win Maung sent me a letter to do so. Forget about that letter. That was a plot by MI to create a conflict between Karen & Burman to swift the attention of democracy uprising to social chaos. This time he showed the sign of fear. He said, "I better inform to my people not to show up", and disappear quickly from the teashop we were sitting. SPDC regime frequently abused Buddhist religion against its political oppositions whenever, or wherever they have a chance. Since 1991, Burma army started its offensive against Manawplaw, the headquater of NDF, DAB, NCGUB, and ABSDF using over 10 battalions with support artillery units. SPDC's original plan of to control Htwee pha kwee kyo was failed with thousands of dead and injured. The commanders of operation were Maung Hla and Tin Oo, who was killed in helicopter crashed in Paan. Their second plan was to divide KNU by all means. One of the Burmese soldier captured by KNLA revealed the plan B of SPDC army to split KNU between, the young and the old, between Christians and the Buddhists and between the Pwo and the Sgaw. For the democratic opposition groups, Manalplaw is so important in politically and strategically because KNU has been hosting all other oppositions, armed or unarmed organization including NCGUB. Manalplaw was not fall by military attack of SPDC regime. It was fall by attack of political warfare using psychology, religion, espionage, drug, rumors as propaganda, and misinformation. SPDC's attempt to divide between Buddhist Karens from their Christian brothers. It was not the first time for Burmese army using religion as a weapon against its enemies. After Ne Win took over power of the country in 1958-1960. Army's psychological warfare department printed over a million copy of booklets known as (Dahamma in Danger) in Burmese. The main objective of its offensive was to attack of the CBP (Communist Party of Burma) and tried to mobilize the country's monks against the CPB. Other edition was prepared in Burmese and Urdu for circulation among Muslim community. On the other hand Burma army published another book, The Burning Qestion aiming at Christian Community and Christian led KNU in Sgaw and Pwo Karen languages. A notebook of U Chit Hlaing, a young communist cadre who attended CPB training classes led by Thakhin Soe was used as a main source. The booklet contained some anti religion teaching by Thakhin Soe like, "Religion is the opium of the people". At another point he noted, "Buddhism is the enemy of the proletariat in Burma; therefore, it must be attacked at every opportunity". Early 1960, KNU and CPB (Communist Party of Burma) reached as joint military alliance and found (NDUF) National Democratic United Front) in 1959 with the members of CPB, the NMSP and KNUP (Karen National United Party) and expanding control territories. The effectiveness of such anti-communist campaigns created religious argument among above and underground with a total chaos. Many Karen Christians and churches turned against KNUP for its associating with CPB. It was sometimes in 1989, thousands of letters were dropped from Burmese Air Force in Karen State. Those letters contained black propaganda of Burmese army to its soldiers to take Shan women as wives to control Shan State as a part of building IV Burmese empire. The soldiers who took a Shan woman as a wife would be rewarded according to the social status of the woman. The letter said we have a huge amount of fund for successful soldiers. Even though Burmese Army is targeting Shan State, those letters were dropped in the Karen State. Religion and ethnicity are quite sensitive issues for Burma until today. 1988 November to the end of 1992, there were thousands of Burmese students and oppositions had been taking refuge in the camps of KNU territories. Those kinds of letter served Burmese junta like double blades to Burmese students and ethnic soldiers. It is a clear attempt of the regime to persecute Burmese students and civilians in the hand of ethnic armed groups. However, due to the effort of experienced ethnic leaders, the things did not go wrong so badly right away. Later MIs penetrated among student group and created splits among them or with the others. Those are clear sample of SPDC junta's strategy of psychological warfare to split Burman and ethnic people using racism. Whenever, oppositions group came close to be a united force, the SPDC junta would create another method of dividing our people. The size of fire flare up and SPDC's agents make the things worse, like a powerful wind in every discussion groups.

[下一页]

©Boxun News Network All Rights Reserved.
所有栏目和文章由作者或专栏管理员整理制作,均不代表博讯立场