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BURMA-缅甸风云
·貌强:缅甸民主社团上书荷兰外交部
·貌强 :BDC-NL Appeals Dutch Government for Burma Issue
·寻找中国的同情与支持
·貌强: Seek China's Support
·缅甸国内外情势的阴阳转化
·貌强: Burma's Situation and Taiji's Yin & Yang
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·貌强:Bush met Charm Tong, The Shan Heroine of Burma
·貌强:A Burmese Confesses to Oppressed Ethnic People & My Comment
·貌强:一缅族向众原住民忏悔与我的答评
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·貌强: SDU & USA Condemn Burmese Junta’s Sentence on 8 Shan Leaders
·缅甸迁都:惧美?内战?风水?禳灾?
·貌强:Capital Moves to Pyinmana, WHY?
·世界对缅甸的看法
·貌强:How The World Views Burma’s Junta ?
·貌强:Master In Civil War & Disintegrating
·貌强:缅甸内战与分化高手
·貌强:Discussion on Contemporary Situation in Shan State with Sai Wansai of SDU
·貌强:与赛万赛谈掸邦现状
·貌强:Shan State Army Is Against Racial Hatred & Union Disintegration
·貌强: 众停战组织反对种族仇恨与联邦分裂
·貌强:Burmese Echos to UNSC Briefing On Burma
·貌强:安理会的缅甸简报与反响
·貌强:缅甸制宪国民大会又续开了!
·貌强:Burma Re-opens National Convention
·貌强:缅甸联邦宪法起草委员会FCGCC告人民书
·貌强:Press Release by Federal Constitution Drafting & Coordinating Committee-Union of Burma (FCDCC)
·貌强:缅甸新社会民主党DPNS与记者谈话
·貌强:Burmese DPNS ’s Press Conference
·Shan-EU: Time for ASEAN and UN to act in tandem
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·貌强:缅甸众土族委员会ENC欢迎东盟的呼吁
·貌强:ENC Statement 6/2005 =Welcome ASEAN’s EFFORD
·貌强:Sai Wansai & Maung Chan Talk about Burma’s Situation
·缅甸制宪大会与停战集团、和平集团、抗争力量
·貌强: The Struggle Between the Junta and Its broad Opponents
·貌强:缅甸的“无声杀戮场”
·貌强:Burma's Silent Killing Fields
·貌强: 中国边民遭缅军射杀
·貌强:Poor Border Chinese Shot Dead by Burma Army
·貌强:“人民”“人民”,缅甸将军假汝名而独裁!
·貌强:The Fascist Generals using “ people’s name ” to oppress people
·貌强 :第七届旅欧缅甸人民论坛
·貌强:The 7th. Burmese Forum In Europe
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·貌强:Military Dictatorship vs. Colonialism
·貌强:翻开2006年新一页!
·貌强:Turning A New Page/Enter 2006!
·貌强: Mong Tai Army’s Surrender & Restoration of Shan State
·掸邦军重建掸邦的成败得失
·貌强:Arch Usurper of State Power and People's Wealth
·缅甸窃国大盗
·奉劝缅甸将军们:诸恶莫犯,诸善奉行
·貌强:Good Deeds Will Be Rewarded and Evil Punished
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·貌强:European Plans to Re-donors AIDS Help to Burma
·貌强:Only Democracy & Real Federalism Can Rescue Burma!
·停止内战,反对分裂,建立真正联邦制!
·貌强:Editorial: Shan State and Union of Burma
·掸邦与缅甸联邦的恩恩怨怨
·缅甸各邦各族人民纪念“联邦节”
·貌强:Burma’s States & People Celebrate “Union Day”
·貌强:Burmese Generals! Return to the Right Path!
·将军们! 放下屠刀,立功补过 !
·貌强:Statement of Concern by Burma's Chinese
·缅甸华族也关注欧盟的缅甸政策
·缅甸建军节
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·与林老师对饮茅台酒
·同林老师追忆中国援缅远征军
·与林老师谈昂山与吴素:
·漫谈缅甸“姓氏”: 德钦、貌、哥、吴、玛、杜
·缅甸政坛恩仇录
·环行荷兰8省,悠游Leeuwarden半日
·貌强带两千金悠游云南
·貌强: 回故乡
·Bush! 放下你的皮鞭与屠刀!
·缅甸各族人民的不懈斗争
·貌强:Free All Political Prisoners and Stop Killing Ethnic People!
·释放政治犯!停杀原住民!
·貌强:TOTAL A ETE TOTALEMENT REJETE
·貌强:以民主、人权、自决权为缅甸建国与办学基石
·貌强:'TOTAL was Totally Rejected'
·貌强补充一二,以飨欧洲华报读者
·貌强:Taiwan People Demand :
·台湾人民要求缅甸军政府:
·缅甸众土族力量2006年现状
·貌强:The situation of Burma’s Ethnic Nationalities in 2006
·貌强:Debts of blood Must Be Paid in Blood!
·貌强: 血债要血还!
·貌强:Keep Burma's Seat Vacant
·“缅甸文摘”社论:敬请空置缅甸席位
·貌强:都灵市缅甸策略研讨会
·貌强:Strategic Consultation on Burma in Turin
·貌强:Curent SPDC Offensive and our KNU Counter-attack
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貌强: The Struggle Between the Junta and Its broad Opponents

by Maung Chan ( Burma’s Chinese )

The junta’s National Convention reopened on Dec 5.

   All people of Burma and the internatinal community abroad are watching it carefully.

   17 “Cease-Fire Groups” and 13 “other peace-groeps” were invitedby the junta to the convention. the NLD(National League for Democracy) and SNLD(the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy), the absolute winners of 1990 General Election, and the KNU (Karen National Union), the main armed force that has fought heroically against the Burmese government since 1948, are not invited. The NMSP(New Mon State Party) was invited, but it decided not to attend the sham convention.

   All nationalities of Burma that have been cheated and oppressed bythe fascist junta nearly a half century point out:

   “All playactings of these fascist junta serve merely to grip, maintain and consolidate power! nothing more!”

Is it true?

First,let's check the 17 Cease-Fire Groups:

   1。Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army.

   It belongs to the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance ( MNDA),originally was the former Communist Party of Burma CPB’s Kogang district. Nationality: Kogang.

   The junta names it the Northern Shan State Special Region 1 (MNDAA 1)。

   2。The United Wa State Solidarity Army(UWSA).

   It belongs to the United Wa State Solidarity Party (UWSP),originally was the former CPB’s Wa district. Nationality: Wa.

   The junta calls it the Northern Shan State Special Region 2。

   3。Shan State Army(SSA).

   It belongs to the Shan State Progressive Party(SSPP). Nationality: Shan.

   The junta names it the Northern Shan State Special Region 3。

   4。National Democratic Alliance Army(NDAA-ESS).

   It belongs to the National Democratic Alliance-Eastern Shan State (NDA-ES),orignally was CPB’s 815 Military Region. Nationality: Akha-Shan。

   It is named by the junta the Eastern Shan State Region 4。

   5。The New Democratic Army-Kachin (NDA-K).

   It belongs to the New Democratic Party-Kachin (NDP-K),originally was the former CPB’s 101 Military Region. Nationality: Kachin。

   The junta names it the Kachin State Special Region 1。

   6。The Kachin Democratic Army (KDA).

   It belongs to the Kachin Democratic Party KDP,originally was the former KIA 4th Brigade. Nationality: Kachin。

   The junta gives it the name of “the Northern Shan State Special Region 5”。

   7。The Pa-O National Army (PNA).

   It belongs to the Pa-O National Organization(PNO) ,an Ex-SNPLO breakaway faction. Nationality: Pa-O 。

   The junta calls it the Southern Shan State Special Region 6。

   8。The Palaung State Liberation Army (PSLA).

   It belings to the Palaung State Liberatin Party PSLP (PSLP). Nationality: Palaung。

   The junta names it the Northern Shan State Special Region 7。

   9。The Kayan National Guard (KNG).

   It belongs to the Kayan National Development Organization,originally was KNLP’s splinter group. Nationality: Kayan。

   The junta’s designation is the Kayah State Special Region 1。

   10。The Kachin Independence Army (KIA).

   It belongs to the Kachin Independence Organization(KIO). Nationality: Kachin。

   The designation given by the junta to it is the Kachin State Special Region 2。

   11。The Karenni Peoples' Liberation Army (KPLA).

   It belongs to The Karenni Nationality Peoples' Liberation Front (KNPLF),a KNPP’s splinter. Nationality: Karenni。

   The junta names it the Kayah State Special Region 2 。

   12。KNLA(Kayan New Land Army).

   It belongs to KNLP(Kayan New Land Party),Nationality: Kayan。

   The junta calls it the Kayah State Special Region 3。

   13。The Shan State Nationality Peoples' Liberation Army .

   It belongs to the Shan State Nationality Peoples'Liberation Organization(SNPLO). Nationality: Pa-O。

   14。The Karenni Army (KA).

   It belongs to the Karenni National Progressive Party(KNPP). Nationality: Karenni。

   15。The Mon National Liberation Army (MNLA ).

   It belongs to the New Mon State Party(NMSP). Nationality: Mon。

   16。The Mong Tai Army (MTA).

   It belongs to the Shan State Patriotic Council,originally was the Aik Sa's force. Nationality: Shan。

   17。Rakhine State Nationalities Solidarity Army.

   It belongs to Rakhine State Nationalities Solidarity Party,originally was the Former CPB’s Arakan State. Nationality: Arakan。

   MTA and Arakan CPB both are invited to the convention. The two surrendered unconditionally to the junta, so both are not included in the 17 Cease-Fire Groups.

   Moreover, MTA was splitted into 6 groups, of which 3 groups wereinvited to the convention. One of them, the Shan State National Army (SSNA), after disintegrating from MTA, united with SSA/SSA(North) to form the Shan State Peace Council SSPC. SSPC has failed in negotiation with the junta.It has combinded later with SSA-S(Shan State Army-South)。

   The Democratic Karen Buddhist Army(DKBA) is a splinter of KNU. It negotiated peacefully with the junta and has been allowed to keep its armed force,economic privilege and limited autonomy.

   The KNPP’s splinters are invited to the convention.

The Peace Groups That Surrendered Unconditionally

   They were mostly reorganised by the junta into CIGs and have been allowed to maintain their respective territories, armed forces and economic privilege.

   They are:

   1。The Karenni National Democratic Party(Dragon group).

   It surrendered in 1995, originally belonged to KNPP. Its leader is Lee Reh。

   The junta has not granted any special region in Kaya State for it .

   2。The Kayaw peace group.

   It surrendered in Sept 1999 and originally belonged to KNPP (Karenni National Development Party ).Its leader is Khoo Ree。

   The junta grants it to govern the Hoya ,Kayah State。 3 The Karen National Unity and Solidarity Organization, with Karihtoo ,Tin Neh and Saw Lawt as its leaders.

   It surrendered in Nov 2002/ Jan 2003 and originally belonged to KNPP. The junta grants it to govern the Mawchi and Khe-Ma-Phy, Kayah State。 4。Haung-tha-yaw/ Azin/Kyaik-don, Karen State.

   It originally belonged to KNU and surrendered in Feb 1997. Saw Tha-moo-heh is its leader.

   the group is granted by the junta to govern the Haung-tha-yaw Special Region。

   5。The Phayagon (Pa-an),Karen State with its leader Pado Aung Sann.

   It originally belonged to KNU and surrendered on the Apr 5, 1998。

   The junta grants it to rule the Pha-ya-gon Special Region。 6。Ho Mong,Southern Shan State with its leader Mahajar.

   It originally belonged to MTA and surrendered on the Jan 6, 1996。

   The junta grants it to lead the Ho Mong Special Region Welfare and Development。 7。Ka-thel-kwin (Pekon), Kayah State with its leader Khunn Main.It originally belonged to MTA and surrendered in Jan 1996。

   It rules the Shwe-pyi-aye Special Region。 8。Manpan/Naung-lai, Northern Shan State with its leader Sai Monn.

   It originally belonged to MTA and surrendered in Jan 1996.

   The junta authorized it to be the Manpan People's Militia。 9。Chaun-chi, Bok-pyin -Mergui, Tenasserim.

   Its leader is Aung Thaik Hin, originally it belonged to NMSP and surrendered in May 1997.

   It becomes the junta’s Mergui Mon Army MMA =Mon Armed Peace Group(MMA)。 10。Mon Splinter Group with its leader Nai Saik Chan.

   It originally belonged to NMSP and surrendered in 1997。

    The junta lets it govern the Iron Island=Kawt-thaung, Tenasserim.

   11。The Arakan Army Group with its leader Than Shwe.

   It originally belonged to the Arakan Army(AA) and surrendered in May 2002.

   The junta grants it to govern Kyauktaw, Arakan State. 12. Aik Sa’s Army, were reorganised into junta’s 6 Counter-Insurgency Groups / People’s Militia of 6 Special Regions respectively .

   The junta allows them to do business by cooperating and co-existing with the junta’s commanders.

    The follwing are Aik Sa’s 6 Special Regions:

   a) Ho Mong Special Region-Southern Shan State .Leader: Mahajar。

   b) Mong Taw/Mong Ta Special Region-Eastern Shan State .Leader: Hsan Monn。

   c) Man-Pan/Naung-Lai Special Region-Northern Shan State.Leader: Sai Monn。

   d) Mon Hin/Mong Ha Special Region-Northern Shan State .Leader: Law Mar。

   e) Shwe Pyi Aye--Ka-Thel-Kwin Special Region-Pekon ,Leader: Khunn Main。

   f) Na-Yai Special Region-Southern Shan State. Leader : Li Chang。

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