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BURMA-缅甸风云
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·貌强:TOTAL A ETE TOTALEMENT REJETE
·貌强:以民主、人权、自决权为缅甸建国与办学基石
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·貌强: 血债要血还!
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·貌强:都灵市缅甸策略研讨会
·貌强:Strategic Consultation on Burma in Turin
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·克伦族联盟主席在56届克伦族烈士节的讲话
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·缅甸各族青年联合行动团之声明
·有关国际法内的自决权
·貌强:UNPO’s Symposium on the Right to Self-determination in International Law
·对“国际法内的自决权”的我见
·Busdachin’s Speech on “Self-Determination Right in International Law”
·UNPO: UN Human Rights Council Briefed on Human Rights in Myanmar
·联合国文告:缅甸悲惨现状
·貌强:Busdachin’s Speech to VIII UNPO GA in Taiwan
·Why Waste Time and Procrastinate?
·UNPO秘书长在台北讲话
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·波米亚将军的革命一生
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·不干涉他国内政的中国
·貌强:Our Congratulations to Dr. Lian Hmung Sakhong
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·Lian Sakhong's Martin Luther King Prize Acceptance Lecture
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· Forum of Burmese in Europe 28-Jan-2007
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·舌战独立掸国领袖 Hso Khan Pha
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·2007年三八妇女节感言
·貌强:CNF Peace-Talks with the Burma’s Junta
·缅甸钦民族战线CNF与军政府和谈
·2007年春季缅甸局势
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·从缅甸建军节想起
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·貌强:Burma Rape Report Exposes Brutal Army
·KNU苏沙吉准将谈克伦族革命
·Saw Hsar Gay Talks about Karen History & KNU Revolution
·貌强苏沙吉准将续谈克伦革命(1)
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·Mizzima News Office sealed off by Democratic India
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·心腦血管病的預防
·漫谈印欧语系
·2007年缅甸国内外微妙变化
·貌强:Harn Yawnghwe, EU, USA and Burma’s Junta
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·貌强:Act Now or Regret Later with the Unholy Alliance
·缅甸已找台阶解除对华商社团的封杀
·论缅甸吴努政府与台湾阿扁政府
·缅甸众土族再三赴美寻求支持
·由印尼华人要人权民族权想起
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·缅甸掸邦第一特区政府(果敢)网站与彭主席访谈
·缅甸丹瑞大将参禅新法:一念代万念
·中風救命法——针刺十指尖与两耳垂放血
·EWOB/AEIOU 的声明
·缅甸僧侣和平示威,丹瑞大将心乱如麻
·缅甸和平示威扩大,丹瑞家人领先逃亡
·反对无理威胁和平集会与游行
·缅甸民族委员会NCUB 对广大士兵的呼吁
·缅甸联邦民族委员会告人民书-3
·SDU’S STATEMENT ON RECENT SPDC’S CRACKDOWN/貌强
·SDU对军政府最近开枪镇压的声明
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貌强: Burma's Situation and Taiji's Yin & Yang

作者: 貌强 Maung Chan (缅甸华族)

    ===========================

    S.H.A.N. & Burma’s News Published by Burma’s Chinese

    Contact & UNsubscribe: [email protected]

    Website: http://www.boxun.com/hero/Burma'sChinese

    ===========================

(1) The Constitution Convention Resumes on 5-12-2005

   The military government delcared yesterday (29-10-2005) that it would resume on Dec. 5 its constitutional National Convention, the first step todemocracy.

   According to the First Secretary of the SPDC Gen. Thein Sein, who chairs the National Convention Convening Commission, the meeting is to seek approval to lay down detailed basic principles for sharing the executive and judicial powers.

   In its previous phase, which lasted from February to March this year, theconvention "approved" the detailed principles for sharing of legislative power in 11 sectors which include defense and security; foreign affairs; financing and planning; economic; agriculture and livestock breeding, energy,electricity, mining and forestry; industry; transport and communication and construction.

   The national convention first started in 1993 but adjourned in 1996. Theconvention resumed on May 17, 2004 as the first step of the seven-steproadmap which was announced by the government in August 2003.

   In the two previous sessions, attended over 1,000 junta-invited delegates,i.e. state service personnel (including armymen and generals ), junta-invided political parties, representatives-elect (in the 1990 general election) and cease-fired groups etc.

   All people know in 1990 General Election, the NLD won a landslide victory,but the military refused to hand over power, claiming it had to first write a new constitution. As the NLD and its members faced constant harassment and Aung San Suu Kyi was later in detention, the NLD boycotted the first meeting.The biggest party representing the Shan (Myanmar's second-largest ethnic group after the Burmans) also boycotted afterwards, along with smaller minority organizations.

   The regime was able to hold the convention later, which was however soon aborted after the NLD had walked out by protesting against its undemocratic procedures.

   In May last year the regime convend the first conference without NLD, butadjourned later saying the 1,000 plus delegates needed to return to work.

   According to the junta, the convention is the first step in the junta'sseven-step road map toward democracy that is supposed to lead to freeelections.

   When will be the free election ?

   Sorry, No one knows, as no timetable has been set to complete the task.

(2) NLD Vows Dialogues for Reconciliation

   NLD's central executive committee and organising committee members from the states and divisions, central women working committee members, reorganisation committee members etc, held on 28 October an important meeting.

   Their statement declares that they welcome the dialogues with the junta to find solutions for the current general difficulties of Burma .The national reconciliation is the main matter.Two sides must engage in dialogues to the point of satisfaction for both in order to achieve the national reconciliation and a democratic transitional period. To make the dialogues possible, communication plays the main role. For this, they always open all the communication channels.

   "We'll take examples and learn lessens from the pass and look for better and more sucessful solutions " said U Myint Thein, a NLD spokeman.

(3)The SSA-north Will Attend the December Convention.

   The SSA-North is one of the most prominent ceasefire groups.

   The SSA-North did not attend the last round of the convention in February, because the junta had arrested their leaders Hkun Htun Oo and Maj-Gen Hso Ten ,leader of SNLD ( the Shan State’s largest winning party) and chairman of the Shan State Joint Action Committee (SSA-North is its member). Further pressure from the junta has also forced the SSA’s ally Shan State National Army back to the armed struggle.

   On 23 October,the Shan State Army -North held a meeting on Loi Khurh, amountain fortress in Hsipaw township.The leaders had then resolved to attend the constitutional convention to be held in December by the junta .

   The meeting thought its attendance would ease off junta pressures on HsoTen and the SSA. But people argue that the Palaung (State Liberation Army)that had attended the last session, was still forced to surrender last April.

(4) To isolate Burma: Pinheiro against but Melbourne Burmese for

   The U.N. special rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Burma, Professor Paulo Sergio Pinheiro of Brazil, faulted Asian and Western nations for isolating the military regime instead of engaging it to bring about reforms. Pinheiro said it was an error to deny Burma leadership of ASEAN next year, a censure he noted that also reduces the government's accountability to the international community.

   He said Asian leaders and the West are "too erratic" in their dealingswith Burma and must find a more consistent and coordinated approach toengage the regime than complaining about the confinement of Aung San SuuKyi, the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize laureate and leader of the National Leaguefor Democracy. He believes the megaphone diplomacy is not appropriate for the moment .

   "You have to deal with the generals diplomatically, secretly." ,said he.

   "USA and EU needed to better coordinate their policy goals with Asian nations", he added.

   Professor Pinheiro arguing strongly against attempts to isolate Burma,while Melbourne Burmese community are exactly the opposite.

   Melbourne based Burmese Democratic forces asked Australia to help tame Burmese junta .They lobbied with the Australian government to drastically reduce contact with the Junta. They want a more active role by Australia in coordinating the regional and international efforts to help democratization in Burma, to seek an end to human rights violations and an end to human rights training in Burma. They need to discourage trade and investment in Burma and denial of visas to the leaders of the military regime and their family Members to come to Australia.They support the efforts of UNGA, UNCHR and ILO to break the logjam in Yangon.

   Mr. Garry Woodard, former Ambassador to Burma shared the general mood that there is need for ensuring humanitarian aid for HIV prevention and nutritional programs.

   The participants felt that the aid should reach the right people in a transparent manner.Accountability and independent monitoring are a must and this would be possible if the aid workers work closely with National League for Democracy (NLD).

(5). British Ambassador and M. Ryder visited Burma's Generals.

   British Ambassador in Rangoon and Michael Ryder, an official with theBritish Foreign and Commonwealth Office, have called on the generals in anumber of ministries and departments - including USDA and the Police Chief!

   Ryder has visited Burma twice this year. During his trip in June, Ryder met with members of the National League for Democracy (NLD).

   For their visits, Derek Tonkin & Sai Wansai's thinking are as follows :

   Derek believed this would only be on instructions and there should be a realisation in London and Brussels that the US policy of isolation and sanctions has seriously "backfired".

   "If we are to influence events in Burma at all, we must have contact, access and dialogue - but not "engagement" ,said Derek.

   According to Sai Wan Sai,the Secretary of of SDU:

   -First, U.K's deliberations on Burma looks more like facts-finding orgathering on the ground than going in with pre-conceived idea of "engagement at all cost". The British regime has already a very clear picture of most of the opposition groups, whereas it might think, there is a need to learn more from SPDC's way of thinking.

   -The second thing is that it is quite normal that different oppositiongroups have been advocating sanctions to pressure the SPDC on varying degree.

   " The point I would like to stress here is it would lend us morecredit", said Sai Wansai, "if we would couple our formulation with theso-called benchmarks policy of carrot and stick, instead of just pushing for mere sanctions".

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