政党社团之声
[发表评论] [查看此文评论]    缅甸风云
[主页]->[政党社团之声]->[缅甸风云]->[KNU's Struggle for Democracy & Equality of ALL Nationalities]
BURMA-缅甸风云
·缅甸上座部佛教与傣族广大地区
·缅甸将军们注定下地狱 第一章
·缅甸将军们注定下地狱第二章
·传缅甸军头相杀,消息混乱
·缅甸目前有三个政府吗?
·人人喊打缅甸军政府
·缅甸人民国会代表团告全国人民书
·缅甸军政府的政治玩弄术
·缅甸联邦众民族委员会2005年第一号声明
·缅甸制宪国民大会戏,又上演了!
·缅甸民主基金会:建议与将军们妥协
·缅甸军政府的财源与边境贸易
·缅甸克钦族反军政府力量
·怀念掸王子Chao Tzang 老师
·是考验东盟的时候了!
·第四届旅欧缅甸人会议声明
·旅欧缅甸人第三次座谈会声明
·欧盟对缅甸的援助与制裁
·回顾缅甸的2003年
·缅甸联邦的形成与众民族纷争
·世界佛教大会在仰光闭幕
·缅甸的大“平反”与昂山素姬
·克伦族难民新年前大逃亡
·用新华社报喜消息来调剂悲痛
·荷兰电台评:缅甸又彭然关上门
·谜样的貌埃Maung Aye副上将
·传缅甸军头相杀,消息混乱
·缅甸军政府真的认错大平反?
·断臂将军“白求恩
·赛万赛在欧洲政策中心讲话
·欧缅工作站 EBN 对缅甸问题的声明
·缅军与叛军的“停战协议书”
·见利忘义的外国大公司
·缅甸会像南斯拉夫崩裂吗?
·缅甸国内外大骂泰国总理
·欧盟人道主义组织ECHO对缅甸的援助
·缅甸军政府与老挝东盟峰会
·笑谈叙旧于加州
·缅甸军政府释放政治犯?
·缅甸联邦民族委员会NCUB的的声明
·谈2004/05年国际对缅甸的经济制裁
·缅甸军政府向掸族反对党派开刀
·缅甸将军们内讧实录
·钦族说: 骗子叫”缅军”,谎言叫”缅语"
·水深火热中的缅甸各族人民
·缅甸政坛2004年11月“大变动”
·缅甸军政府2004年11月“续清洗”
·缅甸2004年11月大换血后的新闻
·缅甸军政府的大赦是“有错必改?”
·安息吧,好朋友!好团长!
·将军们在老挝东盟会议大开支票
·要 Federal 缅甸联邦制,不要分裂!
·掸族民主联盟SDU的声明
·缅军迫停战军缴械
·Burma’s 'Exchange arms for peace'
·“仰光爆炸案”KNU声明
·KNU Statement on Bomb Attacks in Rangoon City
·仰光爆炸案面面观
·中缅边镇鸦片产区走透透
·缅甸停战组织被分而治之
·对掸邦民族军与南掸邦军合并之声明
·STATEMENT ON SHAN STATE NATIONAL ARMY AND SHAN STATE ARMY MERGER
·组建无缅族在内的联邦
·Forming the Union without the Myanmar /Burman
·缅甸内战剑拔弩张
·缅甸军政府滥用种族主义
·Junta Uses Racism as Weapon against All Oppositions
·Declaration of the Shan State National Army
·掸邦民族军 的2005年18号声明
·缅甸全国民主联盟NLD的声明
·NLD’s demands on 15th anniversary of election victory
·缅甸迪巴荫惨案二周年声明
·Statement on Second Anniversary of De-pe’-yin Massacre
·缅甸掸邦掸族的心声
·对“建设性接触政策”盖棺论定
·The Last Nail in the Coffin of Constructive Engagement
·赛万赛谈缅甸现状
·Interview with Sai Wansai, General Secretary of SDU
·被世界遗弃的缅甸克伦尼族
·Karennis, the Forgotten People of the World
·缅甸流亡政府总理Dr.SEIN WIN的卫视讲话
·缅甸军政府成惊弓之鸟
·The Burmese Generals Are Wild Beasts!
·与掸邦独立领袖一席谈
·Talks With Hso Khan Pha Who Declared Shan Independence
·缅甸的第二次反法西斯斗争
·Burma Needs 2nd Anti-Fascist Movement
·Dr.Sein Win's Discourse on TV Conference
·缅甸群英会:盛温博士、萨尼博士、温教授
·RIPPLES Made by Premier Sein Win, Dr. Zarni & Prof. Win
·非正式国家人民代表组织”UNPO
·Unrepresentative Nations and Peoples Organization UNPO
·缅甸众邦众族六月份动态
·Activities of Ethnic Parties and People of BURMA in June
·UNPO 第七届代表大会
·UNPO VII Condemns Burma's Fascist Junta
·缅甸军政府的累累法西斯罪行
·The Fascist Crimes of Burma's Junta
·UNPO Resolution on EU’s Arms Embargo against China
·UNPO要求欧盟对华禁售武器
·缅甸流亡政府NCGUB 7月26日声明
[列出本栏目所有内容]
欢迎在此做广告
KNU's Struggle for Democracy & Equality of ALL Nationalities

   ( S.H.A.N. & Burma’s News Published by Burma’s Chinese 貌强 23-8-05)

   Hand-Tying Ceremony of the Year 2744 Karen Era The 19th of August 2005 is the auspicious day of traditional Hand-Tying Ceremony of the Karen people. The Karen people, starting from about 2744 years ago, had entered into and settled down in the land now known as Burma and they are a people with their own traditions, literature and culture. The Hand-Tying Ceremony is one of the traditions and culture of the Karen people. Since it is a good custom and practice for the Karen people to maintain and observe this cultural tradition, the KNU, highly appreciate and praise the observation of it. At the present, the Karen people do not still have the right to decide their own political destiny and have to exist under the rule of the ultra-nationalist military dictatorship, they have no freedom in the fields of political, economic, social and cultural development. It has become a matter of concern for Karen people, because the language, literature and cultural activities of the Karen people are taking a turn to fade and vanish, in the repressive environment. For that reason, with the realization of this true situation, all the Karens participate unanimously in the struggle for the right of the Karen people to decide their own destiny. History of the Karens and KNU

   The Karens of Burma, have been cornered into fighting against the ruling Burmese Governments for the past forty-three years. Holding the reins of all organs of the state, and in full control of the press, radio, and television, the successive ruling Burmese Governments from U Nu AFPFL (Anti-fascist People Freedom League) to the present Military Junta headed by General Than Shwe , have always painted KNU as black as they can. They have branded KNU insurgents, war mongers, a handful of border smugglers, black-marketeers and stooges of both the communists and the imperialists. Even so, to the extent of his ability KNU has always tried to refute the nefarious one-sided Burman propaganda of false accusations and make the true facts of his cause known to he world. In fighting against the ruling Burmese Government, KNU is not being motivated by narrow nationalism, nor by ill-will towards the Burmese Government or the Burman people. KNU’s struggle was instigated neither by the capitalist world nor by the communists, as some have falsely accused him. It has an originality completely of its own. Throughout history, the Burman Chaovinists have been practicing annihilation, absorption and assimilation(3 A) against the Karens and they are still doing so today. In short, they are waging a genocidal war against KNU. Thus KNU has been forced to fight for his very existence and survival.

    Karen National Union(KNU) Kawthoolei

   The Karens, A Nation, Their Nature and History

    The Karens are much more than a national minority. The Karens are a nation with a population of 7 million, having all the essential qualities of a nation. The Karens have their own history, own language, own culture, own land of settlement and own economic system of life. By nature the Karens are simple, quiet, unassuming and peace loving people, who uphold the high moral qualities of honesty, purity, brotherly love, co-operative living and loyalty, and are devout in their religious beliefs. Historically, the Karens descend from the same ancestors as the Mongolian people. The earliest Karens (or Yangs as called by the Thais), settled in Htee-Hset Met Ywa (Land of Flowing Sands), a land bordering the source of the Yang-tse-Kiang river in the Gobi Desert. From there, the Karens migrated southwards and gradually entered the land now known as Burma about 739 B.C.. The Karens were, according to most historians, the first settlers in this new land. The Karens named this land Kaw-Lah, meaning the Green Land. They began to peacefully clear and till this Green Land from all hindrances. Their labors were fruitful and they were very happy with their lot. So the Karens changed the name of the land to Kawthoolei, a pleasant, plentiful and peaceful country. Here they lived characteristically simple, uneventful and peaceful lives, until the advent of the Burman.

   Pre World War II Eras: Burman Feudalism, British Imperialism and Japanese Fascism

   The Karens could not enjoy their peaceful lives for long. The Mons were the next to enter this area, followed at their heels by the Burman. Both the Mons and Burman brought with them feudalism, which they practised to the full. The Burman later won the feudal war, and they subdued and subjugated all other nationalities in the land. The Karens suffered untold miseries at the hands of their Burman lords. Persecution, torture and killings, spppression, oppression and exploitation were othe order of the day. To mention a few historical facts as evidence, people may refer to the Burman subjugation of the Mons and the Arakanese, and especially their past atrocities against the Thais at Ayudhaya. These events stand as firm evidence of the Burman feudalism, so severe that those victimized peoples continue to harbour a deep -seated resentment of the Burman today. At the time, many Karens had to flee for their lives to the high mountains and thick jungles, where communications and means of livelihood were extremely difficult and diseases common. The Karens were thus cut off from all progress, civilization and the rest of the world, and were gradually reduced to backward hill tribes. The rest of the Karens were made slaves. They all were forced to do hard labour and were cruelly treated.

    When the Brithish occupied Burma, the conditions of the Karens gradually improved. With the introduction of law and order by the Colonial Central Authority, the Karens began to earn their living without being hindered, they could go to school and be educated. This infuriated the Burman, to see the despised Karens being treated equally by the British. Progress of the Karens in almost all fields was fast, and by the beginning of the 20th Century, the Karens were ahead of other peoples in many respects, expecially in education, athletics and music. It could be said that the Karens had a breathing spell during the period of the British Regime. But during the Second World War, in 1942, the Japanese invaded Burma with the help of the Burma Independence Army(BIA), who led them into the country. These BIA troops took full advantage of the situation by insinuating that the Karens were spies and puppets of the British, and therefore were enemies of the Japanese and the Burman. With the help of the Japanese, they began to attack the Karen villages, using a scheme to wipe out the entire Karen populace which closely resembled the genocidal scheme Hitler was enacting against the Jews in Germany. The Karens in many parts of the country were arrested, tortured and killed. their properties were looted, their womenfolk raped and killed, and their hearths and homes burned. Conditions were so unbearable that in some areas the Karens retaliated fiercely enough to attract the attention of the Japanese Government, which mediated and somewhat controlled the situation. Post-World War II Eras: Demand for the Karen State, Tensions and Armed Conflicts

    The Bitter experiences of the Karens throughout the history of Burma, especially during the second World War , taught the Karens one lesson: as a nation, unless they control a state of their own, they will never experience a life of peace and decency, free from persecution and oppression. they will never be allowed to work hard, to grow and prosper. Soon after the Second World War, all the nations under colonial rule were willed with national aspirations for independence. The Karen sent a Goodwill Mission to England in August 1946, to make the Karen case know to the British Government and the British people, and to ask for a true Karen State. But the reply of the British Labor Government was to throw their lot with the Burman.The Karens deeply regretted this, for as it predictably has turned out today, it was a gesture grossly detrimental to their right of self-determination, only condemning them to further oppression. It is extremely difficult for the Karens and the Burmans, two peoples with diametrically opposite views, outlooks, attitudes and mentalities, to yoke together.

[下一页]

©Boxun News Network All Rights Reserved.
所有栏目和文章由作者或专栏管理员整理制作,均不代表博讯立场