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·KNU's Struggle for Democracy & Equality of ALL Nationalities
·可敬的柏林日本妇女小组
·Respectable Japanese Women Initiative Berlin
·About KNU’s Aims, Policy and Programme
·克伦族联盟KNU的目标、政策与纲领
·Appeal to UN Security Council
·呼吁联合国安理会保护缅甸人民
·悼念恩师林丽华
·缅甸事件已呈请联合国安理会干涉
·A CALL FOR UN SECURITY COUNCIL TO ACT IN BURMA
·缅甸华族致函中国驻联合国安理会常任代表团
·Burma's Chinese Appeal to PR China's Permanent Mission to UN Security
·缅甸克钦邦停战组织之内讧
·No More Peace for Burma's Peace Groups
·缅甸华族致函英国:呼吁联合国安理会干预缅甸
·Burma's Chinese Call England for the UN Security Council to Act in Burma
·SDU敦促安理会干涉威胁和平的缅甸
·SDU’ s STATEMENT On “Threat To The Peace: A Call For The UN Security Council To Act in Burma”
·安理会、军政府、民主力量、众民族力量、缅甸华族
·Burmese case at the UNSC: A Silver Lining
·来世不要这地狱!
·NEVER SUCH HELL IN NEXT LIFE!
·缅甸政党纷纷声援"报告书" (续)
·Endorsements from Burma's Democracy & Ethnic Forces (continue)
·欧盟的缅甸战略
·An EU strategy for Burma ?
·Annihilate Burma’s Poverty & Inequality
·消灭缅甸的贫穷与不平等
·美国国防专家看中缅关系
·Beckoning Burma
·缅甸搬迁军政总部与核能基地
·Burma Nuke Plant: Plains to Hills
·貌强:缅甸民主社团上书荷兰外交部
·貌强 :BDC-NL Appeals Dutch Government for Burma Issue
·寻找中国的同情与支持
·貌强: Seek China's Support
·缅甸国内外情势的阴阳转化
·貌强: Burma's Situation and Taiji's Yin & Yang
·布什会见缅甸掸族巾帼英雄蔷冬
·貌强:Bush met Charm Tong, The Shan Heroine of Burma
·貌强:A Burmese Confesses to Oppressed Ethnic People & My Comment
·貌强:一缅族向众原住民忏悔与我的答评
·Win教授、洋学者、貌强座谈缅甸问题
·貌强:Prof. Win's An Attempt on Jigsaw Puzzle
·貌强:缅甸将军们为保权而一意孤行
·貌强: SDU & USA Condemn Burmese Junta’s Sentence on 8 Shan Leaders
·缅甸迁都:惧美?内战?风水?禳灾?
·貌强:Capital Moves to Pyinmana, WHY?
·世界对缅甸的看法
·貌强:How The World Views Burma’s Junta ?
·貌强:Master In Civil War & Disintegrating
·貌强:缅甸内战与分化高手
·貌强:Discussion on Contemporary Situation in Shan State with Sai Wansai of SDU
·貌强:与赛万赛谈掸邦现状
·貌强:Shan State Army Is Against Racial Hatred & Union Disintegration
·貌强: 众停战组织反对种族仇恨与联邦分裂
·貌强:Burmese Echos to UNSC Briefing On Burma
·貌强:安理会的缅甸简报与反响
·貌强:缅甸制宪国民大会又续开了!
·貌强:Burma Re-opens National Convention
·貌强:缅甸联邦宪法起草委员会FCGCC告人民书
·貌强:Press Release by Federal Constitution Drafting & Coordinating Committee-Union of Burma (FCDCC)
·貌强:缅甸新社会民主党DPNS与记者谈话
·貌强:Burmese DPNS ’s Press Conference
·Shan-EU: Time for ASEAN and UN to act in tandem
·赛万赛与貌强谈: 缅甸年终现状
·貌强:缅甸众土族委员会ENC欢迎东盟的呼吁
·貌强:ENC Statement 6/2005 =Welcome ASEAN’s EFFORD
·貌强:Sai Wansai & Maung Chan Talk about Burma’s Situation
·缅甸制宪大会与停战集团、和平集团、抗争力量
·貌强: The Struggle Between the Junta and Its broad Opponents
·貌强:缅甸的“无声杀戮场”
·貌强:Burma's Silent Killing Fields
·貌强: 中国边民遭缅军射杀
·貌强:Poor Border Chinese Shot Dead by Burma Army
·貌强:“人民”“人民”,缅甸将军假汝名而独裁!
·貌强:The Fascist Generals using “ people’s name ” to oppress people
·貌强 :第七届旅欧缅甸人民论坛
·貌强:The 7th. Burmese Forum In Europe
·貌强:棒喝缅甸将军们要以史为鉴
·貌强:Military Dictatorship vs. Colonialism
·貌强:翻开2006年新一页!
·貌强:Turning A New Page/Enter 2006!
·貌强: Mong Tai Army’s Surrender & Restoration of Shan State
·掸邦军重建掸邦的成败得失
·貌强:Arch Usurper of State Power and People's Wealth
·缅甸窃国大盗
·奉劝缅甸将军们:诸恶莫犯,诸善奉行
·貌强:Good Deeds Will Be Rewarded and Evil Punished
·欧洲决续慈善捐助缅甸艾滋病患民
·貌强:European Plans to Re-donors AIDS Help to Burma
·貌强:Only Democracy & Real Federalism Can Rescue Burma!
·停止内战,反对分裂,建立真正联邦制!
·貌强:Editorial: Shan State and Union of Burma
·掸邦与缅甸联邦的恩恩怨怨
·缅甸各邦各族人民纪念“联邦节”
·貌强:Burma’s States & People Celebrate “Union Day”
·貌强:Burmese Generals! Return to the Right Path!
·将军们! 放下屠刀,立功补过 !
·貌强:Statement of Concern by Burma's Chinese
·缅甸华族也关注欧盟的缅甸政策
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KNU's Struggle for Democracy & Equality of ALL Nationalities

   ( S.H.A.N. & Burma’s News Published by Burma’s Chinese 貌强 23-8-05)

   Hand-Tying Ceremony of the Year 2744 Karen Era The 19th of August 2005 is the auspicious day of traditional Hand-Tying Ceremony of the Karen people. The Karen people, starting from about 2744 years ago, had entered into and settled down in the land now known as Burma and they are a people with their own traditions, literature and culture. The Hand-Tying Ceremony is one of the traditions and culture of the Karen people. Since it is a good custom and practice for the Karen people to maintain and observe this cultural tradition, the KNU, highly appreciate and praise the observation of it. At the present, the Karen people do not still have the right to decide their own political destiny and have to exist under the rule of the ultra-nationalist military dictatorship, they have no freedom in the fields of political, economic, social and cultural development. It has become a matter of concern for Karen people, because the language, literature and cultural activities of the Karen people are taking a turn to fade and vanish, in the repressive environment. For that reason, with the realization of this true situation, all the Karens participate unanimously in the struggle for the right of the Karen people to decide their own destiny. History of the Karens and KNU

   The Karens of Burma, have been cornered into fighting against the ruling Burmese Governments for the past forty-three years. Holding the reins of all organs of the state, and in full control of the press, radio, and television, the successive ruling Burmese Governments from U Nu AFPFL (Anti-fascist People Freedom League) to the present Military Junta headed by General Than Shwe , have always painted KNU as black as they can. They have branded KNU insurgents, war mongers, a handful of border smugglers, black-marketeers and stooges of both the communists and the imperialists. Even so, to the extent of his ability KNU has always tried to refute the nefarious one-sided Burman propaganda of false accusations and make the true facts of his cause known to he world. In fighting against the ruling Burmese Government, KNU is not being motivated by narrow nationalism, nor by ill-will towards the Burmese Government or the Burman people. KNU’s struggle was instigated neither by the capitalist world nor by the communists, as some have falsely accused him. It has an originality completely of its own. Throughout history, the Burman Chaovinists have been practicing annihilation, absorption and assimilation(3 A) against the Karens and they are still doing so today. In short, they are waging a genocidal war against KNU. Thus KNU has been forced to fight for his very existence and survival.

    Karen National Union(KNU) Kawthoolei

   The Karens, A Nation, Their Nature and History

    The Karens are much more than a national minority. The Karens are a nation with a population of 7 million, having all the essential qualities of a nation. The Karens have their own history, own language, own culture, own land of settlement and own economic system of life. By nature the Karens are simple, quiet, unassuming and peace loving people, who uphold the high moral qualities of honesty, purity, brotherly love, co-operative living and loyalty, and are devout in their religious beliefs. Historically, the Karens descend from the same ancestors as the Mongolian people. The earliest Karens (or Yangs as called by the Thais), settled in Htee-Hset Met Ywa (Land of Flowing Sands), a land bordering the source of the Yang-tse-Kiang river in the Gobi Desert. From there, the Karens migrated southwards and gradually entered the land now known as Burma about 739 B.C.. The Karens were, according to most historians, the first settlers in this new land. The Karens named this land Kaw-Lah, meaning the Green Land. They began to peacefully clear and till this Green Land from all hindrances. Their labors were fruitful and they were very happy with their lot. So the Karens changed the name of the land to Kawthoolei, a pleasant, plentiful and peaceful country. Here they lived characteristically simple, uneventful and peaceful lives, until the advent of the Burman.

   Pre World War II Eras: Burman Feudalism, British Imperialism and Japanese Fascism

   The Karens could not enjoy their peaceful lives for long. The Mons were the next to enter this area, followed at their heels by the Burman. Both the Mons and Burman brought with them feudalism, which they practised to the full. The Burman later won the feudal war, and they subdued and subjugated all other nationalities in the land. The Karens suffered untold miseries at the hands of their Burman lords. Persecution, torture and killings, spppression, oppression and exploitation were othe order of the day. To mention a few historical facts as evidence, people may refer to the Burman subjugation of the Mons and the Arakanese, and especially their past atrocities against the Thais at Ayudhaya. These events stand as firm evidence of the Burman feudalism, so severe that those victimized peoples continue to harbour a deep -seated resentment of the Burman today. At the time, many Karens had to flee for their lives to the high mountains and thick jungles, where communications and means of livelihood were extremely difficult and diseases common. The Karens were thus cut off from all progress, civilization and the rest of the world, and were gradually reduced to backward hill tribes. The rest of the Karens were made slaves. They all were forced to do hard labour and were cruelly treated.

    When the Brithish occupied Burma, the conditions of the Karens gradually improved. With the introduction of law and order by the Colonial Central Authority, the Karens began to earn their living without being hindered, they could go to school and be educated. This infuriated the Burman, to see the despised Karens being treated equally by the British. Progress of the Karens in almost all fields was fast, and by the beginning of the 20th Century, the Karens were ahead of other peoples in many respects, expecially in education, athletics and music. It could be said that the Karens had a breathing spell during the period of the British Regime. But during the Second World War, in 1942, the Japanese invaded Burma with the help of the Burma Independence Army(BIA), who led them into the country. These BIA troops took full advantage of the situation by insinuating that the Karens were spies and puppets of the British, and therefore were enemies of the Japanese and the Burman. With the help of the Japanese, they began to attack the Karen villages, using a scheme to wipe out the entire Karen populace which closely resembled the genocidal scheme Hitler was enacting against the Jews in Germany. The Karens in many parts of the country were arrested, tortured and killed. their properties were looted, their womenfolk raped and killed, and their hearths and homes burned. Conditions were so unbearable that in some areas the Karens retaliated fiercely enough to attract the attention of the Japanese Government, which mediated and somewhat controlled the situation. Post-World War II Eras: Demand for the Karen State, Tensions and Armed Conflicts

    The Bitter experiences of the Karens throughout the history of Burma, especially during the second World War , taught the Karens one lesson: as a nation, unless they control a state of their own, they will never experience a life of peace and decency, free from persecution and oppression. they will never be allowed to work hard, to grow and prosper. Soon after the Second World War, all the nations under colonial rule were willed with national aspirations for independence. The Karen sent a Goodwill Mission to England in August 1946, to make the Karen case know to the British Government and the British people, and to ask for a true Karen State. But the reply of the British Labor Government was to throw their lot with the Burman.The Karens deeply regretted this, for as it predictably has turned out today, it was a gesture grossly detrimental to their right of self-determination, only condemning them to further oppression. It is extremely difficult for the Karens and the Burmans, two peoples with diametrically opposite views, outlooks, attitudes and mentalities, to yoke together.

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