Hong Kong, the leading civilization center in Asia: HK-style’s Econo
Hong Kong, the leading civilization center in Asia:
HK-style’s Economy, Demonstration and Culture
Abstract: In this paper, I summarize the miracles of the HK-style civilization: the HK-style economy, HK-style political demonstrations and HK-style culture. After analyzing them by using Economics, Politics, Nomology and Social Psychology, etc, I point out that these three factors also bring the light to the world civilization.
Part 1. Overview of HK 1
Part 2. The Greatest Civilization in the world: HK-style Economy, Demonstration and Culture 2
2.1 HK-style Economy 2
2.2 HK-style Demonstration(Non-violent Peace Movement) , Rule of Law and Public Security 2
2.3 HK-style Culture 3
2.4 The World’s Most Livable City 3
Postscript: Economic Freedom and Political Freedom, 3
the Rule of Law and Security 3
Part 1. Overview of HK
Hong Kong (abbr. H. K.) is a British Colony during 1842－1997, and is currently the Special Administrative Region of PRC (SAR), enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea. HK has a land mass of 1,104 km2 and a population of 7.10 millions.
In 1984, in accordance with the Sino-British Joint Declaration, the policy “one country, two systems and a high degree of autonomy” was established.
It’s a privilege for HK to have been a British Colony and to its geographic conditions, HK has been exempt from the continuous chaotic impacts from mainland China, such as the Taiping Rebellion (1851-1864), the Chinese Civil War (1945-1949), the Class Struggle(1950-1957), the Great Famine(1959-1961) and the Cultural Revolution(1966-1976). A large number of refugees fled over time from the mainland to HK, bringing with them talent, capital and technology, as well as the rapid population growth. After the World War II, these elements enabled the fast development of HK-style economy. Gradually, HK has been developed into an important leadership position in the Asia-Pacific region, becoming a modern industrial and commercial international metropolis, known as one of “the Asian tigers” and ‘Nylonkong ‘(i.e., New York, London and HK).
HK's politics, roughly followed the British colonial system: the executive, legislative, judicial and law enforcement are distinct, with power decentralized. After the establishment of the SAR, the constitutional document "Basic Law" was passed to ensure the implementation of one country, the rule of law and judicial independence without interference.
Part 2. The Greatest Civilization in the world: HK-style Economy, Demonstration and Culture
HK has had numerous high international rankings in various aspects of civil lives, such as for economic freedom, financial and economic competitiveness, quality of life, corruption perception. Its Human Development Index is also ranked 13th in the world in 2013.
2.1 HK-style Economy
HK has adopted the limited government and was once described by Milton Friedman as the world's greatest experiment in laissez-faire capitalism, but has since instituted a regime of regulations including a minimum wage. The government avoids to manipulate the market. HK is famous for streamlining business regulations: for having a transparent and efficient government; for having a low and simple tax regime; for having a sound and transparent legal system; for instituting strong property rights; for its monetary stability; and for developing a highly skilled and efficient workforce.
HK has been noted for its financial resilience against a number of financial shocks and for maintaining the economical growth.
1. Global Financial Centres Index (Nylonkong): In March 2010, HK ranked the third most important financial centre, after London and New York City.
2. Financial Stability Index: In 2011 and 2012, HK ranked first, according to “The Development Report of Financial Stability Index” issued by the World Economical Forum.
3. Economic Freedom: For the previous 20 consecutive years, HK ranked first. Milton Friedman, the Nobel Laureate in economics, described it as the world's greatest experiment in laissez-faire capitalism.
4. Economic Globalization Index: in February 2013, for the third consecutive years, HK ranked the first by Ernst & Young report.
5. Global economic competitiveness: in 2012, for two consecutive years, HK ranked first according to the International Institute for Management Development in Lausanne, Switzerland.
6. Global Innovation index: In 2012, HK ranked 8th in the world, as reported by the World Intellectual Property Organization.
7. Global Trade entry: HK ranked 11th in the world.
2.2 HK-style Demonstration(Non-violent Peace Movement) , Rule of Law and Public Security
8. Metropolis of Demonstration: it was so named for the reason that a number of non-violent peaceful marches often held in HK and was ranked amongst the world’s top ten tourist cities by the international tourist guide “the Lonely Planet”.
9. Excellent Security: HK has been known as one of the safest cities in the world and has the lowest crime rate in Asia.
10. Index of the Rule of Law: HK has been noted for its civil society and its sound legal system. In 2008, HK’s public order and security ranked first in world’s 66 countries and regions, according to the world Justice Project(USA).
2.3 HK-style Culture
HK is known as a "Chinese popular culture metropolis". HK people bring the ‘pop’ culture into the Chinese world. HK-style humor, HK-style nonsense culture also have widespread influence in contemporary society.
11. Multiculturalism: HK is frequently described as a place where "East meets West" (more precisely, communism meets democracy). For example, HK festivals include Good Friday, Easter, Christmas, Buddha’s birthday, Confucius’ birthday, and the anniversary of the HK SAR.
12. East Hollywood, or named Chinese DreamWorks: "There are Chinese films, and there are HK films". Thanks to the broad freedom enjoyed by its people (including freedom of creative ideas) and the mixture of the Chinese and Western culture, HK was the world's second largest film production and export base.
2.4 The World’s Most Livable City
In 2012, HK was rated as "the world's most livable city" by "The Economist". HK has a reputation as the Pearl of the Orient, a gourmet paradise, a shopping paradise, East Manhattan, etc.
HK people have n the excellent Health Care System and have the highest average life expectancy of any cosmopolitan city.
13. Shopping Paradise: HK ranked first in the 25 countries or regions of the Asia-Pacific region.
14. The world’s excellent airport: HK is the world's 11-th largest trading entity. It is the world's largest re-export centre and the world's second busiest container port and the world's busiest airport for international cargo.
15. The world's largest cableway system: Ngong Ping 360 on Lantau Island in HK.
16. The world's longest road and rail suspension bridge: the Tsing Ma Bridge in HK.
17. The world’s highest density and tall skyline: There are a large number of skyscrapers in Victoria Harbour. Victoria Harbour is also one of the world’s three best night views.
(The above is mostly based on Wikipedia.)
Postscript: Economic Freedom and Political Freedom,
the Rule of Law and Security
Why can HK people create the world’s miracle civilization? Are there close relationships among HK-style economy, demonstration and culture? More generally, are there close relationships among the three pairs of economic freedom and political freedom; the rule of law and security; and democracy, human rights and non-violence peaceful demonstration?
In fact, we can analysize this contention by using economics, politics, nomology and psychology, as I attempt to explain below.
1. The rule of law and security
A humanistic psychologist, Abraham Maslow, developed Maslow's hierarchy of needs about physiology, safety, social communication (love and belonging), dignity and self-actualization. Safety is the second most important human need.
A Social psychologist, David G. Myers, has also said that the human beings are a kind of social animals which interdepend for living resources, support and safety.