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·郭国汀从最佳海事律师到人权律师 【人物】
***政治学研究
·政治的基本概念
·正义的学说
·正义的第一原则:政治权力的合法性
·正义概念的进化与发展
·人民反抗暴政的革命权利
·当代世界政治现状
·独裁专权(即威权)与独裁统治及极权暴政
·政治权力的限制与平衡原理
·政治文化与政治
·什么是政治形态
·民主法治及权力
·True meaning of the Republicanism
·Judicial Independence and Canadian Judges
·如何制约流氓暴君下屠杀令扑灭宪政民主大革命?
·关于成立临时或流亡政府我的原则与立场
·公平游戏规则公平竞争是第一价值原则
·中国民主运动要不要遵守公平游戏规则?
·中国民运长期四分五裂的根源何在?
·郭国汀:唯有程序正义才能根治中国民运四分五裂顽症
·民运内部必须是平等尊重基础上充分争论协商妥协式的真诚合作
·自私是否人的本性?
·暴君与暴政
·暴力革命与和平演变的前提与条件
·关于暴力革命答深山质疑
·勇敢地参政议政吧!中国律师们!/郭国汀
·语言风格——关于袁红冰改良还是革命的争论
·就袁红冰之《改良还是革命》与申先生的论战/郭国汀
·英雄人格哲学—袁红冰《自由在落日中》读后
·划时代的政论——简评袁红冰《改良,还是革命?》
·为什么袁红冰之《改良,还是革命?》是划时代的政论?
·再论政治案低调消音妥协辩护论的严重危害性
·再论政治案件低调消音妥协辩护论的危害性引起争论
·政治案辩护律师的最佳策略
·驳政治肮脏论
·文字狱与极权专制体制
·暴政与人种的优劣/新南郭
·虚伪是极权专制的必然付产品
·极权专制政体与思想家
·最暴虐无道的政府!/南郭
·郭国汀:歌功颂德或批评批判?
·判断一个政权合法性的公认标准
·判断政府合法性的普世公认标准 郭国汀
·中国律师理所应当关心政治 郭国汀
·政治体制的根本问题
·中国的前途在于专制改良还是政治民主革命?
·西方现代政治民主的基本要件
·郭国汀: 政府无权杀人!
·政府绝对无权武力镇压(屠杀)和平集会示威游行或罢工的公民
·国民有权推翻暴力镇压(屠杀)和平抗议民众的任何政府
·中国历史上不存在极权
·民主政治的终极目标是自由——答尼采黄昏君的质疑/南郭
·极权专制独裁者与知识分子
·与网友谈论民主政治与政权合法性
·政府不得滥杀和平请愿公民的最新国际公约
·中共极权专制暴政祸国殃民绝对乏善可陈
·郭律师评价中国律师诉讼及司法体制现状
***(40)宪政研究
·什么是宪政?
·什么是共和?
·宪政的实质
·分權制衡理論的历史淵源
·中国自由文化运动与宪政研究
·The Arguments For and Against the Notwithstanding Clause
·Freedom is not free but it is costly
·宪法改革的设想 南郭提要
·联邦共和民主宪政体制是美国经久强盛不衰的原因
·党化党控教育是中共祸国殃民的一大罪恶
·立宪时代的法政哲学思考提要
·有限政府与法治宪政
·联邦主义要旨
·It’s Not Patriotic to Violate the Constitution
·An Imperial Presidency Based on Constitutional Quicksand
·US Constitution revolution for real democracy
·One of the major writer whose legal thought Influence the Americas Founding Fathers
·Beyond the Constitution
·Philosophy Constitutionalism
·USA Constitution is in grave danger
·Constitutional Interpretation
·The Bill of Rights
***(41)民主研究
·美国宪政民主的基本要素
· 政治民主机制的最新发展--监督民主
· 序《民主导论》
·民主的真实含义
·自由宪政民主政治的七项实质要件
·民主的实质
·谁是真正的人类政治民主之父?
·民主就是[山头林立]?!
·共和比民主更为根本
·共和民主宪政要旨
·什么是联邦主义民主宪政?
·我的民主朝圣之旅
·民主的灯塔永放光茫
·古希腊雅典民主政体
·伯拉图亚里士多德论古希腊民主体制
·伯拉图论共产主义
***(39)法治研究
·法治论/郭国汀
·自然法原理
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1958-1962年中国历史上最具毁灭性的大灾难
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   《毛泽东的大饥荒:》郭国汀
   


   The Great Leap Famine: Natural disaster or Murderlized crime ?
   
   Guoting Guo
   
   Why heaven send down the drought, flood, and famine endlessly? We must be fear and take upon responsibility, as if facing the thunder and roll, Fed all people without left a single one. Then the heaven will not abandon us.
   
    –The Shi Jing in 1200 BC-
   
   Introduction
   
   Chairman Mao triggered The Great Leap Forward, which caused the Great Leap Famine(GLF). The GLF destroyed 43 to 46 million souls during 1958 and 1962. It is the greatest disaster in human history; however, the CCP regime not only hides all evidences, but alleged it is “three years natural disaster” to date. Some scholar deny the GLF or did not mention the death of starvation at all (Edmund Clubb 1964; Alexander Eckstein1966; Jack Chen1975; Immanuel C.Y. Hsu) others thought it is combine many elements, including bad weather, but with the “good intention” (Li, Zhisui 1994; James Kung 2003: Thomas Bernstein 2006; Felix Wemheuer 2010; Yixin Chen 2010; Chris Bramall 2011; Yen Lin Chung 2013; Anthony Garnaut 2014) , only few point out its crime nature (Jasper Becker1996; Jung Chang 2005; Yang Jisheng 2008;Frank Dikotter 2010). My argument is that it is political disaster rather than natural disaster; exactly describe it should be a murderlized crime that ruined tens million people life. My contribution to the literature are that reveal the reason that why Chen Yizi’s claim is reliable, because Zhao Zhiyang played a bad role in the GLF while he was the Guangdong party secretary, the guilty made him to instruct an investigation to reveal the horrible tragedy after he become the boss of the CCP. Although until his death, Zhao never revealed the report, which I presumption that you must keep some secret place and he must have a will which might reveal sometimes later. For protecting his family`s interest, he keep the top secret to his tomb. First I will analysis why the heinous crime is doubtless truth; then I would like to discuss the fundamental cause of the GLF, finally I will show that at some key point, Mao and the regime`s action turn from good intention, if they really had, into murder. The forced agricultural collectivization policy is the root of the shocking tragedy which was inevitable. Totalitarian regime marry with a wise cunning dictator, who with cold blood and strong will, while extremely ignorance of natural science knowledge, but full of dilution in his mind, born the greatest political disaster in the human history.
   
   中国人必读之最佳历史研究权威专著。中国大陆学者,特别是体制内专家,不可能完全真实披露中共人为制造的人类历史上最恐怖最荒诞的大饥荒真相。比如历史地理学家曹树基教授在对全国1462个市县地方志中记载的资料“认真求证” 基础上得出结论:1959—1961年中国在大饥荒中饿死的人数计3245.8万人。为全面揭开三年大跃进造成的大饥荒真相作出了突破性贡献。张戎女士之3800万人主要依据人口出生率与死亡率比较推论。原公安部和社科院人口统计专家王维志认为1959—1961年中国非正常死亡人数约高达3546.6万人。加上1958年冬和1962年春一些地方饿死的人口数(按各省官方数据计算的结果,1958年为181万,1962年为42万,共计223万),大饥荒饿死人约为3770万。杨继绳根据十二个饥荒最严重省份官方档案数据查证估定大饥荒导致非正常死亡人数为3600万人。然而,伦敦大学和香港大学中国历史教授迪科特先生,通过专门调查小组,在曹树基研究成果的基础上,另查阅了十二个省地党政公安内部档案比较研究中共最高层公布的各种资料,运用社会科学研究方法得出了令人信服的结论:赵紫阳组织200人组成的专案调查小组报告确认的4300万至4600万人死于中共人为制造的大饥荒不但真实可信,其结论数据为至少4500万,而且极可能被中共暴政谋杀性大饥荒致死的中国人达5000万至6000万。吾以为迪科特教授有关中国1958年至1962年大饥荒的研究,是迄今全球该专项研究最专业也最权威的成果之一。值得一提的是:海内外绝大多数学者的数据仅指1959-1961年,但所谓“三年困难时期”“三年自然灾害”事实上是五年大饥荒。实质则是中共为隐瞒其犯罪事实避法律责任欺骗国人而玩弄的政治花招。
   
   In the Soviet University, the central office ofstatistic produced two sets of demographic statistics, one for internal, onefor publication. Party archives in Chinahave widely different set of statistics at every level; at least threedifferent sets of unpublished data exist in the archives, provincial publicsecurity, local party committee, and local statistic bureau. A team of 200 wasinstructed by ZhaoZiyang, general party secretary, to go around every provinceto examine internal party documents. report never published, but ChenYizi, fled to USA in 1989, claimed thatthe team had arrived at a death toll of 43 to 46 million of the famine. EvenChen and his team met a number difficult to investigation. Some sets simplymissing, fobbed off or misled[1].Only one who has investigated the famine has taken Chen’s claim seriously,Jasper Becker, published the Hungery Ghosts in 1996.
   
   We confront the official data with archival evidencewe find a pattern of underestimation, sometimes by 30 to 50%. In 1964, an investigation team in Hunandiscovered that population number deceit over 1%, some counties even liar over2 or 3%; in 1965, public security ministry investigate that in Gangsu deceit2.2% in population, ‘many local cadres, in order to obtain greater clothrations and other goods, intentionally increase population figure’. In 1964,the centre supervene bureau confirmed that the question of deceit of populationis far worse than expectation. Hebei and Henan each deceit morn than a million,Shangdong deceit 700000. [2]
   
   There is enough archive evidence, from asufficiently large diversity of party units, to confirm the figure of 43 to 46million premature deaths by Chen Yizi, is reliable estimate, the death tollstands at a minimum of 45 million excess deaths. It could be even worse thanthat. Some historians speculate that true figure stand high 5 to 6 million.YuXiguang, an independent research with a great deal of experience part the figureof 55 million excess death. [3]
   
   CaoShuji, used published party gazetteers toesterase death rates on a county basis, is in agreement with other populationspecialists who proposed 32 million people died of hunger. But common senseshows that local party committee try their best to cover the true death number.[4]
   
   This book shows that at least 45 million people died unnecessary between 1958 to 1962. p.x.The fresh evidence demostrates, coercion, terror and systematic violence were the foundation of the Great Leap Forward. p.xi
   
   meticulars reports compiled by the party, we can infer that between 1958-1962 by a rough approximation of 6-8% of the victims were tortured to death or summarily killed, at least 2.5 million people. p.xi. other victims were deliberatedly deprived of food and starved to death. people were killed selectively because they were rich, or spoke out, or they donot like. p. xi.
   
   [1] Frank Dikotter, Mao’s Great Famine The Historyof China most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-1962 Walker & Co. NY 2010.p.325
   
   [2] FrankDikotter, Mao’s Great Famine The History of China most Devastating Catastrophe,1958-1962 Walker & Co. NY 2010.p333
   
   [3] FrankDikotter, Mao’s Great Famine The History of China most Devastating Catastrophe,1958-1962 Walker & Co. NY 2010.p334
   
   [4] FrankDikotter, Mao’s Great Famine The History of China most Devastating Catastrophe,1958-1962 Walker & Co. NY 2010.p329
   
   1958年厦,上海奉贤县一份报告在高层广传:在反右运动中100多人被逼自杀,更多的人被强迫劳动累死。数千人被标上地主,反革命标签批斗,酷刑,劳教。(24)兰州大学超过一半学生被插白旗。1958年3月日毛泽东在听江苏省委书记江畏清汇报时说:吴芝浦称他可以移动300亿立方米土方,我想这将死三万人;曾希圣说他将移动200亿立方米土方,那将死两万人。你只动六亿土方,可能不会死人。”[1]
   
   [1] Frank Dikotter, Mao’s Great Famine The Historyof China most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-1962 Walker & Co. NY 2010.p.11
   
   极度无知狂妄祸国殃民的“大跃进运动”源于毛泽东1957年出席莫斯科十月革命纪念四十周年大会,因赫鲁晓夫在会上宣称苏联将在十五年内超过美国。毛泽东当即跨海口也宣称中国将在十五年内超过英国。毛回国家,超发头脑发热,由15而7年最后提成成二年!刘少奇,邓小平,李富春,柯庆施,李井泉,黄敬,吴芝浦,曾希圣,陶陆家等支持大跃进,虽然陈云,毛的秘书及薄一波极力反对。李富春称中国仅需要七年超过英国,钢和其他主要产品可在三年内超之。1958年6月毛问冶金部长王何寿“可否钢产量翻番?”“没有问题!”王部长不假思索答道。柯庆施则跨海口仅华东便能产800万吨,王任重,陶柱,谢富治,吴芝浦,李井泉个个赛吹牛。[1]刘少奇于1958年9月8日访徐水公社时对农民及7月间在一家电厂对工人说:“中国将迅速进入共产主义,无需太久,你们许多人将看到共产主义。”“超英不再是15年的问题,两叁年便足够了。”[2]随即全国四千万人日夜奋战在50万个土高炉(到1958年底达一百万个!),史称全民大炼钢运动。结果是不到三分之一土高炉生产之铁能用,直接经济损失超过50亿元,不包括建筑物、森林,矿山和人命的损失!

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