Politicalideology is a set of values and beliefs about what the purpose and function ofgovernment should be. Politics in essence are the “who, what, and how” thatfight for state power and interests, for law-making, policy-making, anddecision-making. Thus, life, liberty, equality, justice, order, and privateproperty are every country’s basic political and social need. Race politicsdamage the principle of equality and justice caused by difference in colour,language, religion, and culture. Political discrimination mainly exists incommunist regimes, while race politics is popular in all societies. Racepolitics in essence are similar to the Nazi’s racism politics and the communistregime’s political discrimination; both of them are base on ridicule and extremelyinjustice theory which have brought about tremendous disasters to mankind. Racepolitics in its extreme form as was the Nazi’s racism at its worst, was basedon biological and cultural race, and led to holocaust and genocide. No theother hand, communist regime’s political discrimination was based onclass-struggle led to an even more horrible holocaust and endlessmassacres. Communist’s class struggle politicshas died; but race politics still survives worldwide. My article will focus onrace politics and its influence on legal rights and justice as well asequality. My argument is that the race politics will exist forever, unlessassimilation both of biological and cultural race takes place, which will needa few centuries to reach its aim.
I Racism isthe enemy of Justice and equality
Liberaldemocracy is built on two basic assumptions: everyone was created equal andshould be equal before the law, thus, every citizen is a free soul with equalrights. Race politics make bothprinciples impossible, since under race politics the white is at the top of thehierarchical society, while the black is at the lowest level, and the yellowstays at middle. This is justified in either a slave or colony society, wherecitizens are not equal or free.
Race politics’in its extreme form is found in the Nazi’s racism politics. The twentiethcentury was the most horrible bloody century in the history of the world. BothWorld War I and II were wars between capitalist countries that fought to occupynew territory, colonized developing nations, robbed or stole natural resources,and extended markets. WWI caused the loss of nearly twenty million sons anddaughters from both side. WWII killed nearly forty million soldiers and citizens,while the Nazi’s racism politics incited a holocaust of six million innocentJews including their women and children.
Communist’s classstruggle politics in nature is the same as the Nazi’s racism politics. Duringthe twentieth century international communist movements, through class-strugglepolitics caused at least 150 million people to be massacred by variouscommunist party regimes in the world. During 1949 and 1979, the Chinesecommunist party regime alone massacred more than eighty million people,although the majority of them were named as the “class-enemy”.
Both Nazi’sracism politics and communist party regime class-struggle politics have caused themost terrible holocausts and genocides, and hundred and millions of people werekilled by both right and left totalitarian dictatorship cold bloody regimes. Rightof life and survival is the first human right, any political ideology deprivesanyone’s life are evil crime; therefore, Nazi’s racism politics and communistregime class-struggle politics are not only extremely injustice, but alsoagainst the value of equality. They are the most evil and the enemy of justiceand equality. Justice and equality are top values of any society, since eitherracism politics or class-struggle politics causes murder, massacre, genocide,and holocaust; thus both are the biggest enemy of justice and equality.
A typicalexample is that the Chinese as a race had suffered great victim of racepolitics in Canada, the USA, Australia, and other dominated white societies.The earliest arrivals in Canada in 1858, Chinese workers were treated asracially and culturally inferior but dangerous for posing the threat of ‘yellowperil’. They were considered as inferiorhuman being; Canadian governments forced Chinese workers to live apart from thewhite community, and made them cultural and social aliens. With the purpose ofgiving them white privilege, they were forced to pay a discriminated “head tax”of $ 500.00 for each immigrant starting in 1895. In 1924 Canadian government made a law forbidany Chinese immigrant to Canada ending in1947. Chinese racial solidarity hasbeen as much a response to the survival needs of severe and prevalent racism inthe Canadian society, as a reflection of their ethnic and culturalcharacteristic. (Fernando 2006; Li 1998; Wang 2001, 2006). Thus, Chinese peoplewere denied justice and equality, suffered even worse than black people had beentreated not only as an inferior race, but also marked as having a yellow peril andbarred from entering Canada at all.
II Race politics exist everywhere
Racism has along history after Darwin’s evolution theory reached its zenith.Delgado and Stefancic (2001, 5-9)identified features of racism as:(1) racism is ordinary and ingrained inthe everyday experiences of most of the people of colour in the society; (2)racism benefits White elites materially and psychically and the working-classpsychically;(3) races are categories society invents, manipulates and retireswhen convenient; (4) the dominant society racialised different minority groupsin different ways at different times in response to the majority group’sshifting needs.
According to Turrittin(2002:656) the Democratic racism is in a society that espouses equality,fairness, tolerance, social harmony, and respect for individual rights. Theexistence of racial prejudice, discrimination and disadvantage is difficult toacknowledge and therefore to remedy. Henry (1996) concluded that the paradox ofdemocratic racism is that in a society that professes equality, also showedracial inequality; claims fairness, proved unfairness; declares freedom ofspeech, silenced dissident’s voices; asserts multiculturalism, appeared ethnocentrism.Diversity becomes assimilation, the rule of law results in injustice, servicemeans lack of access, and protection increases the vulnerability ofracial-minority communities (p. 312). Henry believed that democratic racism asa widely accepted set of social practices is caused by an ideology: twoconflicting sets of values are made in agreement with each other. Commitmentsto democratic principles such as justice, equality, and fairness conflict butcoexist with attitudes and behaviours that include negative feelings aboutminority groups and differential treatment of and discrimination against them.
Whether existracism in Canada, various researchers come to different conclusions, Henry(2009) observed, it depends on the conceptual understandingsof what is meant by racism (p.238). Seanand Bolaria (2007,p.354) noted that the field of race/racism studies in Canadais built on a very slippery conceptual and methodological slope. “Canada is aracialised society”, Delgado (2001,p.1) asserted, “originated from a White settlers’ society”. Asa colour people almost everyday one will feel the racialism around him. Theperson who alleges racism generally feels “isolated, unsupported, andvulnerable” (Henry 1996p.313). Citizens’ equal rights include political,economic, cultural and social rights. According to Basok and Carasco (p.346)the Citizenship as a legal and social status which confers political and socialrights, privileges, and responsibilities, initially to protect individualsagainst the arbitrariness of the state, particularly in relation to privateproperty. The human rights are rooted inthe same philosophical principles as citizenship rights. The foundationalpremise of international human rights law is the notion that all persons havefundamental rights.