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·陈良宇是中共残酷政治斗争的牺牲品
·郭国汀 国人民族主义乃中共误导所致
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·如何成为一名伟大的,优秀的法律人?网友评论
·如何成为一名对社会有用的人
·谁杀死了中国伟大的诗人杨春光?
·忆对我前半生影响至深的三位老师
·A Letter to a Chinese
·不敢讲真话的民族注定是受奴役遭天谴的软骨头的劣等种族
·This is no time to kowtow to China
·南郭初步定论宣昶玮
·自封上帝皇帝圣人者:狂妄无知之徒?!
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·南郭点评张千帆教授论宪政
·愤怒出诗人,悲愤出伟诗
***(55)郭国汀律师专访
·世纪回眸(69)-专访郭国汀之一
·世纪回眸(70)-专访郭国汀律师之二
·郭国汀谈郭飞雄、力虹、陈树庆遭被捕
·法律人的历史使命---答《北大法律人》主编采访录
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·胡平章天亮郭国汀谈中华文化与道德重建
·希望之声专访郭国汀 中共是最大的犯罪利益集团
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·希望之声专访郭国汀用法律手段揪出幕后凶手
·【专访】郭国汀从海事律师到人权律师的转变
·专访郭国汀:为女儿打破沉默
·郭国汀谴责中共对他全家迫害恐吓
·郭国汀律师谈中国司法现状
·人权律师郭国汀在加拿大谈六四
·加拿大华人举办烛光悼念纪念六四-著名人权律师郭国汀称退党运动具有重大意义 
·采访郭国汀律师:被逼离婚 战斗到底
·华盛顿邮报报导高智晟律师事件
·[专访]郭国汀律师:从刘金宝案谈开去
·希望之声专访郭国汀和盛雪
·大纪元专访郭国汀 中共垮台是必然的
·郭国汀谈高智晟律师的公开信
·中共的末日只是时间迟早的问题
·中华文化与道德重建
·【专访】郑恩宠律师郭国汀谈郑案内情
·【专访】辩护律师郭国汀谈清水君案
·郭国汀指雅虎遵守当地法律说无法律根据
·郭国汀触怒司法当局:中国律师维护社会正义风险大
·US lawmakers ask Beijing to reinstate law firm of rights activist
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郭国汀:苏共政权垮台的根本原因

苏共政权垮台的根本原因

   

   郭国汀

   

   

   What reasons cause the communist regime collapse?

   

   

   Guoting Guo

   

   Russiancommunist regime was demised in the end of 1991 after Eastern Europeancommunist regimes finished years ago, which is out of almost all western andeastern politicians and scholars’ expectation. There are number of books andarticles debated and argued various reasons and causes led the communist empirecollapse. Since Chinese communist regime is a copy of Soviet regime and Chineseleaders always claim that ‘the soviet union’s yesterday is out’s today’. Manypeople wonder why Chinese communist regime continue survive and seems boomingin economy while Soviet Union totally collapses. Does soviet regime’s collapseis unavoidable or simply by some error made by its leader? Does Chinese regimerevive the communist regime? Even professor Fransis Fukuyama doubtsthat “Whetherthe Chinese model might be increasingly attractive, does this means thatcommunism could be resurrected?”[1] Professorof political science Holmes also said that communism mighthave some positivity elements; we should seriously treat the theory andpractice of the communism.[2]Myargument is that communist regime will collapses no matter how expression andachievement it will make, it is only a matter of whether peaceful or bloody wayand sooner or later to end of the evil and criminal regime.

   

   

   I

   

   Harvard

   University Professor of history

   Richard Pipes pointed out that soviet unioncommunist regime collapse reasons are economic failure, citizens contact greatdeal foreign information, the war in Afghanistan failure, could not able tomaintain the competition of weapons and equipment, could not able to suppressthe dissidents movement, Poland’s united worker association’s influence, ledleaders lose confidence and president Reagan challenge further made sovietgovernment lost its fighting will. Each these reason has some affection, but ifit is a health institution. They are not able to make a great empire suddenlycollapse; they work because the institution itself had rotten beyond rescue.Marxism as the basic theory of communism ,carry oncause it collapse, it is an unrealistic physiology base on wrongly historicphilosophy. [3]thesecond seriously error of Marxism is the notion of the human nature couldunlimited alienable, which assert that by forcing education measure couldeliminate human being’s greedy, it is far from the greatest original sin, suchas vanity,conceit, pride,ambition,deceitfulness,hypocrisy etc. Richard further assert that communism definitely failure for atleast two reasons: in order forced its main aim-equality, it had to create aforced institution, which demand privileges, then damage the equality; whileloyalty to nationality and territory conflict to the loyalty to class, inanywhere and at any time, the formal always overpass the later. Therefore heconcluded that communist as a wrong theory, a fake science turn into a fakereligion and plant in an unreliable institution, which had proved that it couldnot get rid of the error notion and rely on the mistake notion set up the errorregime and have to collapse.[4]

   

   There isquite common view that it is Gorbachev glasnost (that ispenness) and democratic socialism policy which mainly causes the demise of thecommunist regime in both western and eastern world.

   

   Peter,Our text book the author, pointed out that It is safe to say that had Gorbachevnot emerged victorious in the power struggle, or had he been a differentperson, the fate of the Soviet Union would have been different.[5]Conservative American commentators that it was Reagan’s military build-up thatforced the Soviet Union into bankruptcy drove home the conclusion to the newleaders that they would never catch up with the American and that as aconsequence Reagan’s politics were primarily responsible for the collapse ofthe SU.[6]Reagan did not but the communists defeated themselves.

   

   Professorpolitical science Holmes observed that the character of Gorbachev and hisreform and democratic policy cause the collapse of the communist party regimeof Soviet Union. Formal British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher remarked thatshe can do business with Gorbachev.

   

   

   SomeRussian scholars who visited or invited by Chinese government declared it isGorbachev who should responsible for the collapse of the empire. Л.С.Leyinova declares that competition between Gorbachevand Jelsin for power is a reason which causes the collapse of the Soviet Union.[7]“Gorbachev’s openness, democratization, reveal the dark side of the part,become the destroy country’s weapon.” Reirikov, a soviet scholar in aconference in Beijing said, he also claim that main reason is Gorbachev betraythe party and people.[8]American Professor of economy David inQinghua university make a speech: Collapse of the Soviet Union neither provesthe failure of socialism nor proves the advantage of the capitalism. It onlyproves that when soviet institution turn an agricultural society toindustrialization, it is better than capitalism, which has speeding and morefairness.[9]

   

   Many Chinese scholars claimed the similar opinionas above Russian and USA scholars, however, because they are under dictatorshipregime’s heavy surveillance which makes them either becomes fake scholar orsimply give party lip service exchange for their personal benefits. Forexample:

   

   A Chinese scholar remarks that Gorbachev denyStalin and Lenin, socialism, Soviet Union’s history, party’s leadership,finally cause the demise of the party.[10] Chen Zhihua, a Chinese scholar said.“Gorbachev’s new thinking, democratization, openness, in nature is anti-Marxismand Leninism, deny socialism. During the demise of soviet communism, variousanti-communism propaganda, he is the general director. He further claim that“Gorbachev betrays Marxism and Leninism, his reform and democratic socialism,openness, multiparty, privatization, denies soviet history, is the fundamentalreason of the demise of the soviet union and party.”[11]However,it is said that Gorbachev in a conference in the capital city Ankara of Turkeyremarks that “my life purpose is eliminating the communism” and “my aim of lifehas fulfil”. Mr. Wang Chengci whois the director of China social science institution said that “collapse of theSoviet Union is because of Gorbachev’s error new thinking reform and loseparty’s

   capacity of executive

   is the most important reason”.[12]

   Deputy dean of the Chinese Social ScienceInstitution (Marxism Study ) also claim that “Soviet party’s demise realthought root is betray the Marxism, so-called democratic democracy, amendconstitution, give up party’s leadership position and the ideology of Marxism.[13]“Decisive element is Russian communist party rotten, its demise fundamentalreason is not Stalin’s style but Gorbachev’s betray Marxism and Leninism aswell the basic interests of the people.[14]Chen Zhihua argued.

   “The failure ofRussian communist party is begin from the area of thought; Gorbachev supportedideology of multi-ideology, led disorder of thought of the party which open thedoor of Western thought.[15]hishumanly democratic socialism, democratization, and openness, in fact is userobber’s way to destroy socialism. The party give up the control of thought,hand out the culture, western though internet CNN and Hollywood media tool,export the idea of freedom, democracy, causes Russian people change theirnotion, led down the bases of thought.”A scholar name Maco even blame like this ridicule way.

   

   Above scholarsvarious comments the most believable one is Harvard university professorRichard’s argument which stress that “the roots of collapse of the communism islie on the basic theory of the communism which is Marxism”.

   I quite agree with his arguments.

   

   As regard to Peter’sargument that it is Gorbachev personality and who decide the fate of the SovietUnion sound reasonable, In 1987 and 1988 thousands of groupscame into being. The appearance of these associations changed the face ofSoviet society.[16]Gradually glasnost turns into freedom of speech. Intellectuals become courage,and the taboos fell one after another, creating a sense of excitement. [17] But this argument isnot acceptable without challenge, for had the regime is health and amendable,the openness and democratic policy could never bring such result. For truth candefeat mistake on free market of thought, and could bear any debate, only faketruth have to rely on violence support in closed society. In opened societyfreedom and justice always will do, while in closed society usually who hold onviolence will win. Human history is evolution from barbarous to civilization,the way to obtain political power is competed from violence to free andfairness election.

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