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思考中国
·中国历史真的是一部吃人的历史么?
·应该以自我反省的态度来爱中国
·新台湾的含义
·向美国学习,处理好与世界头号强国之间的关系
·再谈民族主义
·坚决反对“尊老”--从中国加入WTO谈起
·反日,反日,我们反对日本什么
·论自由
·遏止台独,需要沉着冷静,发展自己,壮大自己
·无论国际风云如何变化,牢牢立稳脚跟,作好我们中国自己的事情
·收起浮躁心态,脚踏实地的作好每个人自己的事情
·中华民族大和解
·遏止台独的最强有力武器是什么
·自由民主稳定随想
·陈水扁是否正在走火入魔??
·对陈水扁接受纽约时报专访答问的驳斥
·李登辉的如意算盘
·阻止中华民族复兴的两种办法及其应对策略
·阻止中华民族复兴的两种办法及其应对策略
·浅论中国人的深刻自信
·天问?问中国人自己?
·快速平稳的完成社会转型应该把握的两个基本方面
·坚决的阻止在日本对二战罪行进行深刻反省之前成为联合国常任理事国
·我的决定
·稳定,难道就是专制的稳定么?拓宽思路来想---兼答一位网友
·开放是中华民族走向现代的最有效方法
·从朱总理把奖金捐给清华大学说起
·踏着祖先的血泪和辉煌前行,走向社会大和解
·中国历史就是所谓好人与坏人斗争的循环死结
·毛泽东讲不破不立,我讲不立不破
·对两种官方话语的解读------一代,二代,三代,四代,,
·理性分析,吃透我们所处的时代
·改革开放步洋务运动后尘??
·在中国大陆播种民主自由宽容宪政法制的八种办法
·追忆和反思-苛求紫阳先生!!
·请将期望的眼光从胡温转向民间社会
·中国人权理事会让我大吃二惊
·中国的历史几千年来没有人,只有角色--尝试分析文革暴行产生的原因
·救亡压倒了启蒙? 不,这是懦夫的逻辑与思维!
·向往抗日战争时期的民族和解
·谁说中国没有自由!!!???
·杂谈- 香港直选反台独李登辉新台湾人大陆军费等
·民主自由与第一百只猴子并发症
·互联网和你我他
·我们的春天简介
·飘入心灵的片片思绪
·内忧是原因,外患是结果
·中国社会已经改变,谁也不可能开历史的倒车
·再说说李登辉
·两岸关系-统长独消的转折点来临??
·将大写的人字,植入中国人的内心深处
·解读中国威胁论之二---中国人也应该反思
·反对朝鲜古巴政治正确论的胡锦涛,支持和谐社会以人为本的胡锦涛
·亲爱的中国同胞恳请您们都作一个独立的思考者
·百年来中国改革失败的教训及今后的改革路径
·美国与中国相比,最大的优势是制度优势
·(修订版)反对朝古政治正确论的胡锦涛,支持和谐社会以人为本创新社会论的胡锦涛
·现代人权观念的普及是中国和平崛起的保障
·现代社会的核心价值是确立人权的中心地位
·中国完成社会转型的金钥匙
·马英九现象及大陆台湾香港民主发展的互动
·江泽民vs共和党,胡锦涛vs民主党??
·开放是中国完成社会转型的必然道路
·请让我们适应民主
·胡锦涛的三条思路
·信仰=心中的靠山??
·中国最需要的不是英雄,而是公民
· 支持“冰点”提起行政诉讼
·我偏偏要做一个不窝里斗的中国人
·中国社会转型的艰难
·呼吁执政当局理性对待维权人士
·开放和人权意识的普及,是中国平稳完成社会转型的基本道路
·我冷静我思考我读书我观察我奋斗
·选票是民众的授权信
·台湾在搞文革?笑话,还是好好反思自己(大陆)吧
·中国人权理事会应该向《人权观察》学习
·诺大的中国(大陆),居然容不下一个独立思考的头脑??
·教育,是中国社会转型的根本因素之一,农村教育,很可能是中国社会转型的瓶颈
·论坛既是志同道合者聚会的店堂,也是持针缝相对观点者碰撞的福地
·支持孙不二先生独立参选基层人大代表
·让我们不再默许不合理的执政行为
·怜悯他们,爱他们,启蒙他们,揭露他们
·一个民族要想强盛,没有几百年的功夫是不行的
·葛红兵先生的高论,使我忍不住又要说一说中日之间的问题
·人权观念的确立是中国社会转型的根本
·董仲舒可能是中国人创新思维的第一杀手等几则思考
· 社会一切皆处于关系(联系)之中
·自然界的能量守恒定律在社会中的体现就是公平正义
·外国人对中国的看法可能更接近于真实
·西方反华势力到底反对中国的什么? 到底对中国造成什么具体的伤害?
·不结盟和韬光养晦的外交政策坚持100年不动摇
·“你还有胆去中国吗”
·尝试分析日本法西斯南京大屠杀和德国纳粹对犹太人种族灭绝的思想基础
·人权观念的普及,是中国社会转型的头等大事
·给美国政府提建议
·度奶粉事件反思
· 读史偶感
·历史的恩爱情仇
·中国人的愚笨与聪明
·关于人生的选择与修养的几点思考
·中日的恩怨了结方式
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美国独立宣言THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE


   THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
     独立宣言
     In Congress, July 4, 1776,
     大陆会议(一七七六年七月四日)

     THE UNANIMOUS DECLARATION OF THE THIRTEEN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
     美利坚合众国十三个州一致通过的独立宣言
     When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the Powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
     在有关人类事务的发展过程中,当一个民族必须解除其和另一个民族之间的政治联系,并在世界各国之间依照自然法则和上帝的意旨,接受独立和平等的地位时,出于人类舆论的尊重,必须把他们不得不独立的原因予以宣布。
     We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.
     我们认为下面这些真理是不言而喻的:人人生而平等,造物者赋予他们若干不可剥夺的权利,其中包括生命权、自由权和追求幸福的权利。
     That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.
     为了保障这些权利,人类才在他们之间建立政府,而政府之正当权力,是经被治理者的同意而产生的。
     That whenever any form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to the m shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.
     当任何形式的政府对这些目标具破坏作用时,人民便有权力改变或废除它,以建立一个新的政府;其赖以奠基的原则,其组织权力的方式,务使人民认为唯有这样才最可能获得他们的安全和幸福。为了慎重起见,成立多年的政府,是不应当由于轻微和短暂的原因而予以变更的。过去的一切经验也都说明,任何苦难,只要是尚能忍受,人类都宁愿容忍,而无意为了本身的权益便废除他们久已习惯了的政府。但是,当追逐同一目标的一连串滥用职权和强取豪夺发生,证明政府企图把人民置于专制统治之下时,那么人民就有权利,也有义务推翻这个政府,并为他们未来的安全建立新的保障--
     Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
     这就是这些殖民地过去逆来顺受的情况,也是它们现在不得不改变以前政府制度的原因。当今大不列颠国王的历史,是接连不断的伤天害理和强取豪夺的历史,这些暴行的唯一目标,就是想在这些州建立专制的暴政。为了证明所言属实,现把下列事实向公正的世界宣布--
     He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
     他拒绝批准对公众利益最有益、最必要的法律。
     He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
     他禁止他的总督们批准迫切而极为必要的法律,要不就把这些法律搁置起来暂不生效,等待他的同意;而一旦这些法律被搁置起来,他对它们就完全置之不理。
     He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
     他拒绝批准便利广大地区人民的其它法律,除非那些人民情愿放弃自己在立法机关中的代表权;但这种权利对他们有无法估量的价值,而且只有暴君才畏惧这种权利。
     He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
     他把各州立法团体召集到异乎寻常的、极为不便的、远离它们档案库的地方去开会,唯一的目的是使他们疲于奔命,不得不顺从他的意旨。
     He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
     他一再解散各州的议会,因为它们以无畏的坚毅态度反对他侵犯人民的权利。
     He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
     他在解散各州议会之后,又长期拒绝另选新议会;但立法权是无法取消的,因此这项权力仍由一般人民来行使。其实各州仍然处于危险的境地,既有外来侵略之患,又有发生内乱之忧。
     He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws of Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands .
     他竭力抑制我们各州增加人口;为此目的,他阻挠外国人入籍法的通过,拒绝批准其它鼓励外国人移居各州的法律,并提高分配新土地的条件。
     He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
     他拒绝批准建立司法权力的法律,藉以阻挠司法工作的推行。
     He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
     他把法官的任期、薪金数额和支付,完全置于他个人意志的支配之下。
     He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our People, and eat out their substance.
     他建立新官署,派遣大批官员,骚扰我们人民,并耗尽人民必要的生活物质。
     He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
     他在和平时期,未经我们的立法机关同意,就在我们中间维持常备军。
     He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.
     他力图使军队独立于民政之外,并凌驾于民政之上。
     He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
     他同某些人勾结起来把我们置于一种不适合我们的体制且不为我们的法律所承认的管辖之下;他还批准那些人炮制的各种伪法案来达到以下目的:
     For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
     在我们中间驻扎大批武装部队;
     For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from Punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
     用假审讯来包庇他们,使他们杀害我们各州居民而仍然逍遥法外;
     For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
     切断我们同世界各地的贸易;
     For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
     未经我们同意便向我们强行征税;
     For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:
     在许多案件中剥夺我们享有陪审制的权益;
     For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:
     罗织罪名押送我们到海外去受审;
     For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:

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