滕彪文集
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滕彪文集
·临沂野蛮计生与陈光诚事件维权大事记(2006-11-7)
·耻为盛世添顺骨
·中国时报专访:盼与政府互动 和平维权
·滕彪博士:精神家园的守望者/刘爽
·司法改良和公民维权——学而思沙龙的网谈
·学术、政治与生活——2006年12月17日做客沧海论坛在线交流记录
·黎明前的见证
·看看我们的朋友——致受难中的高智晟和他的妻子和孩子
·临沂警匪暴行录
·临沂野蛮计生事件及陈光诚案维权大事记(五——七)
·中国当代宪政主义者的困境和选择/林泽波
·通过汉语改变中国
·茶人滕彪/萧瀚
·崔英杰案:“慎杀时代”的第一个考验
·死刑、司法与中国人权
·废除死刑的中国语境——在第三届世界反死刑大会上的发言
·司法独立,和谐中国——2007年“两会”之际的公民呼吁/许志永 滕彪
·彻底改革司法才能避免滥用死刑
·崔英杰案,在多重反思中寻找契机
·从“两会”看赎回选票运动
·关于尽快将青岛市四方区政府违法拆迁行为纳入法制轨道的法律意见书
·青岛野蛮拆迁:袁薪玉被控放火和妨害公务案一审的当庭辩护意见
·维权书简·戴脚镣的舞者
·被遗忘的谎言——就《成都晚报》事件致中宣部长和教育部长的一封信
·滕彪:可怕的“冤案递增律”
·不是我不明白
·张敏:滕彪律师访美谈中国司法现状与维权
·萧洵:纸包子案记者被判刑引发强烈质疑
·自由亚洲电台:拾荒者遇上联防离奇死亡 孙志刚式悲剧首都重现?
·何亚福 王鑫海 杨支柱等:放开二胎倡议书
·临沂野蛮计生事件及陈光诚案维权大事记(八--九)
·一个案件的真相与两个案件的正义(附:“聂树斌案”到了最危急时刻!)
·滕彪、胡佳:奥运前的中国真相
·郑筱萸案扇了死刑复核程序一记耳光/滕彪 李方平
·“杀害自己孩子的民族没有未来!”
·关于李和平律师被绑架殴打致国务院、最高人民检察院、公安部、国家安全部的公开信(签名中)
·NO FIGHTS,NO RIGHTS——接受博闻社采访谈中国人权现状
·挽包遵信先生
·香港电台铿锵集:扣着脚镣跳舞的中国律师
·那些陌生的人们在我们心底哭泣——推荐一个短片
·关于邮箱被盗用的声明
·《律师法》37条:为律师准备的新陷阱
·保护维权律师,实现法治——采访法学博士滕彪律师/张程
·Six Attorneys Openly Defend Falun Gong in Chinese Court
·李和平 滕彪等:为法轮功学员辩护-宪法至上 信仰自由
·面对暴力的思考与记忆——致李和平
·专访滕彪律师:《律师法》2007修订与维权/RFA张敏
·The Real China before the Olympics/Teng Biao,Hu jia
·我们不能坐等美好的社会到来
·律师:维权人士胡佳将受到起诉
·胡佳被捕 顯示中國要在奧運之前大清場
·人权的价值与正义的利益
·抓捕胡佳意味着什么?
·关于《奥运前的中国真相》一文的说明——声援胡佳之一
·邮箱作废声明
·关于审查和改变《互联网视听节目服务管理规定》部分不适当条款的建议
·胡佳的大爱与大勇
·后极权时代的公民美德与公民责任
·狱中致爱人
·奥运和乞丐不能并存?
·滕彪李苏滨关于青岛于建利涉嫌诽谤罪案的辩护意见
·纽约时报社评:中国的爱国小将们
·回网友四书
·我们都来关注滕彪博士/王天成
·暴力带不来和平,恐怖建不成和谐——就滕彪、李和平事件感言/王德邦
·让滕彪回家、追究国保撞车肇事的法律责任、还被监控公民自由/维权网
·刘晓波:黑暗权力的颠狂——有感于滕彪被绑架
·Article 37 of the PRC Law on Lawyers: A New Trap Set for Lawyers
·Chinese lawyer missing after criticising human rights record
·Chinese Lawyer Says He Was Detained and Warned on Activism
·For Chinese activists, stakes are raised ahead of the Olympics
·To my wife, from jail/Teng Biao
·Beijing Suspends Licenses of 2 Lawyers Who Offered to Defend Tibetans in Court
·National Endowment for Democracy 2008 Democracy Awards
·获奖感言
·司法与民意——镜城突围
·Rewards and risks of a career in the legal system
·太离谱的现实感
·35个网评员对“这鸡蛋真难吃”的不同回答(转载加编辑加原创)
·Dissonance Strikes A Chord
·顺应历史潮流 实现律协直选——致全体北京律师、市司法局、市律协的呼吁
·但愿程序正义从杨佳案开始/滕彪 许志永
·维权的计算及其他
·我们对北京律协“严正声明”的回应
·网络言论自由讨论会会议纪要(上)
·网络言论自由讨论会会议纪要(下)
·Well-Known Human Rights Advocate Teng Biao Is Not Afraid
·法眼冷对三鹿门
·北京律师为自己维权风暴/亚洲周刊
·胡佳若获诺贝尔奖将推动中国人权/voa
·奥运后的中国人权
·Chinese Activist Wins Rights Prize
·我无法放弃——记一次“绑架”
·认真对待出国权
·毒奶粉:谁的危机?
·不要制造聂树斌——甘锦华抢劫案的当庭辩护词
·“独立知识分子”滕彪/刘溜
·经济观察报专访/滕彪:让我们不再恐惧
·人权:从理念到制度——纪念《世界人权宣言》60周年
·公民月刊:每一个人都可能是历史的转折点
·抵制央视、拒绝洗脑
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The use of Citizens Documentary in Chinese Civil Rights Movements


   http://interlocals.net/?q=node/361
   
   Teng Biao
   

   
   Village officials sold village land without disclosing records and accounting details, resulting in vigorous campaigns among the villagers. With the help from the lawyers, journalists, and scholars, villagers go against and denounce the officials. In 2005, the Taishi incident in Panyu, Guangdong, became one of the famous cases of the Chinese Civil Rights Movement. Ai Xiaoming’s documentary, "Taishi" recorded the event. Lawyers were beaten, villagers were arrested, and the whole village was enveloped in an atmosphere of terror. The last scene of the documentary showed filmmaker being beaten in containment by a group of unidentified gangs. In horror, with her car door broken, she called for help. The producer then added the following subtitle: "During the shooting process, I found that many agencies have video cameras, I think the villagers should have a video camera of their own.”
   
   Along with China's development into an economic society, issues on human rights violation from the repressive political system have increasingly aroused a feeling of resentment and resistance among the people. Post-totalitarian political system can no longer meet people's growing awareness of rights and their quest for freedom and democracy. The phenomenon can be seen as one of the principal contradictions in today’s Chinese society. Under this context, the Chinese Civil Rights Movement came into being. The internet has not only significantly increased the speed and widespread penetration for civil movements, but also changed their nature, from text to photographs, from images to videos, from traditional media to citizen journalists, from one-way flow of information to interaction. This process meets with the development pattern for communications and of social movements, while Documentary plays a highly visible role in the Chinese Citizen Campaigns.
   
   I have been involved in some civil rights cases as a human rights lawyer, which left me with a very strong feeling, that is, China has no independent judiciary system, nor does it has an independent media. Therefore, the only hope lies on a few means, including the use of unofficial media to spread the truth, and to resorting to public opinion and moral strength. Obviously, the intuitive nature of Documentary, with images and characters, is most straightforward for people to understand, sympathize, and to achieve powerful impact. Documentary can sometimes amplify the voices of those involved, develop the progress of the event itself, and even become the most critical turning point of a public event.
   
   One kind of Documentary is the direct record of a particular case or event, such as Ai Weiwei's work, "Mom Ti Hua". It recorded all the experiences Ai Weiwei, as a court witnesses, encountered in Chengdu right before the Tan Zuoren trial. The release of "Mom Ti Hua” aroused a large number of views and spreads on the network, making it an enormous contribution to the attention and mobilization for the Tan Zuoren case. Even after introducing the documentary, "civil investigation" which talked about Tan Zuoren and other volunteers’ investigation of the Sichuan earthquake, Professor Ai Xiaoming moved on to launch the “Why Are the Flowers So Red", which recorded Ai Weiwei's investigation work after the earthquake and the making of “Mom Ti Hua”.
   
   The Yang Jia case that happened before the Olympics had caused a great shock to the people, especially among Internet users in China. The impact was no less than the Sun Zhigang case in 2003. "An unsocial person" revealed all the truth of the Yang Jia case that was unknown to the outside world. Yang Jia case to Ai Weiwei was just like the Taishi Village case to Ai Xiaoming: both contributed to a certain change in two important public intellectuals one from the south and the other from the north. They both make use of their own actions and documentary works to become prominent figures in the Chinese Civil Rights Movement.
   
   Ai Weiwei's "Good Life" is the story of Feng zhenghu’s difficult experience of fighting for the right to go home. Feng Zhenghu waited for 92 days in the Narita Airport in Japan before he could go home, making him a legendary figure of the Civil Rights Movement. Visitors from Shanghai went to rescue, weaving flags to support, twitter users showed concern and gave long-term support. Finally, Feng Zhenghu could return home. The incident greatly encouraged the strength among the citizens in their difficult struggles for civil rights. In 2006 and 2007, Professor Ai Xiaoming took great risk to complete two documentaries, the "Central Chronicle" and the "Loving care”. They captured the suffering villagers with HIV in Henan and Hebei Province and their struggles in the hard process of appealing their cases. Ai Xiaoming said, "Every time I film I will eventually fall into direct conflict with the local government." The local government named her as the "reactionary professor" and forbid villagers from interviewed by her. In addition, her work, "The train bound for home" illustrates the story of migrant workers returning home from Guangdong for the Spring Festival, while "the NPC legislation" focuses on the lives of local based activists. These works have also documented the formation and effort of civil society organizations at grassroots level, while the works are themselves part of this effort.
   
   Independent film maker, Ho Yang's "Hanging photo door” talks about how human rights lawyers, Tang ji Tian and Liu Wei were suspended by the Beijing Bureau of Justice for their licenses. His another documentary, "Emergency shelter” narrates the persecution of human rights lawyer Ni Yulan. During the process for helping those evicted from home, Ni was beaten to cripple, followed by falsely accusation of "Crime of Interference" for assaulting police officer. She was sentenced for 2 years. Her house was demolished in an act of retaliatory when she was released, forcing her to stay on street and set up tent in the "emergency shelter" corner of the XinHuang Temple Park. Facing the camera, she calmly told her suffering of brutal abuses and tortures over the years. Although, in Documentary's approach, too much narrative and too little scene change will affect visual appearance, the story of Ni itself is powerful enough to make up for the deficiency. The case of Ni Yulan was reported some years ago but did not cause too much attention until the release of Ho Yang's documentary. The documentary has taken the case to transmit through the internet, twitter, weibo, where thousands of people forwarded the story, making it a common concern among the public. The guard, Xiao Wei, and the others that involved in the prosecution of Ni Yulan were then strongly condemned by netizens. Many people also sent donations and goods to the "emergency shelter" to show support for Ni. During the "616" Dragon Boat Festival, netizens organized a Summer night party to show solidarity in supporting Ni Yulan. Police then detained Ni to the police station. The netizens set up tents outside the police station to stage protest. On June 27, the "Southern People Weekly" reported the case of Ni Yulan and the protest of the ‘crowd’ outside the police station. The report further encouraged the situation of the case of Ni Yulan. Undoubtedly, Documentary has played a crucial role in all the civil actions around this event.
   
   Another type of Documentary is the direct involvement and recording in civil actions. One example is the vigorous civil actions during the "Fujian three users case". In June/July 2009, due to uploading relevant videos of the "Yan Xiaoling case" on the internet, Fan Yanqiong, Yu Jing Yu, and Wu Huaying were accused of Libel. They were then detent, charged and convicted. The incident caused continuous concerns and strong protests among the netizens. There were several spectator operations before and after the trial, sentencing and the imprisonment. Every time, people used hand-held DV, mobile phones, cameras or professional video cameras to record. Together, they simultaneously transmitted the sound and images to twitter, microblogging and other social networking sites. Some of them combined materials online and offline to produce documentaries later on, so that whether the detail of the site condition, or the causes and effects of the case, were fully presented to the public. The documentary, "Let the citizens and justice shine brighter than the sun" recorded the situation before the court case on “3•19”. The large numbers of crowds speculating, their enthusiasm and orderly organization on the judgment-day on "4 • 16" was itself worthy to write about. The “Fujian three users case” was different from the Waste Incineration field incident in Panyu, or the Xiamen PX case. The protests among netizens in the “Fujian three users case” were not directly related to their own interests. Rather, it was about their shared and apparent political demands for freedom of speech. There are different versions of the "4 • 16" documentary spreading on the net, including a fragrance version, a revised version, and the Xiao-fan version. While Ho Yang’s full footage version of the case is still in the process of production.

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