滕彪文集
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滕彪文集
·许志永自由中国公民梦不碎
·滕彪维园演讲
·Speech during the June 4th Vigil in Victoria Park in Hong Kong
·坦克辗压下的中国
·呂秉權﹕滕彪赤子心「死諫」香港
·【林忌评论】大陆没民主 香港没普选?
·曾志豪:滕彪都站出來,你呢?
·June 2014: Remembering Tiananmen: The View from Hong Kong
·The Strength to Save Oneself
·讓北京知道 要甚麼樣的未來/苹果日报
·否認屠殺的言論自由?
·Beyond Stability Maintenance-From Surveillance to Elimination/Teng bia
·从稳控模式到扫荡模式
·為自由,免於恐懼越絕壑——記滕彪談中國維權路
·就律协点名维权律师“无照”执业 滕彪答德国之声记者问
·法官如何爱国?
·滕彪给全国律协的公开信
·郑州十君子公民声援团募款倡议书
·Politics of the Death Penalty in China
·What sustains Chinese truth-tellers
·在人权灾难面前不应沉默
·From Stability Maintenance to Wiping Out/Teng biao
·自由不是一個禮物,而是一個任務
·抱薪救火的严打政策
·习近平要回到文革吗?
·中国宪法的结构性缺陷
·25 years later, Tiananmen cause is still costly
·A Chinese activist: Out of prison but not free
·中国人权有进步吗?
·Activist lawyer vows to keep fighting for human rights
·高智晟:走出监狱却没有自由
·VOA时事大家谈:维权/维稳
·和平香港行動呼籲
·沉默的吶喊
·Head Off a Tiananmen Massacre in Hong Kong/Yang jianli,Teng Biao,Hu ji
·滕彪被中国政法大学除名 因参与新公民运动
· Ilham Tohti should get the Nobel peace prize, not life in prison
·受难的伊力哈木
·香港人不会接受一个假选举
· Chinese activist scholar Teng Biao on how Occupy Central affects main
·大陆法律人关于支持港人真普选和释放大陆声援公民的声明
·« Révolution des parapluies » contre Pékin / Teng biao
·We Stand With You
·从占领中环到伞花革命
·不可承受的革命之重
·中国维权运动的历史和现状
·Don’t Get Too Excited About the Investigation of Zhou Yongkang
·Sensing subversion, China throws the book at kids' libraries
·China’s Unstoppable Lawyers: An Interview With Teng Biao
·专访滕彪:中国那些百折不回的律师们/纽约书评
·法治還是匪治
·努力实现匪治
·Hongkong: the Unbearable Weight of the Revolution
·Courts are told what decision to make in important cases
·RISKY BUSINESS fighting for Human Rights in China
·藏族、維吾爾族、南(内)蒙古族以及漢族活動人士的聯合聲明
·A STATEMENT OF SOLIDARITY FROM A TIBETAN, UYGHUR, SOUTHERN MONGOLIAN,
·The Supremacy of the Constitution, and Freedom of Religion
·如果有人倾听你对 昨夜梦境的复述(诗四首)
·China’s Empty Promise of Rule by Law
·Sensing subversion, China throws the book at kids' libraries
·VOA时事大家谈:中国司法不独立,如何进行司法改革?
·VOA时事大家谈:通奸女官员被“游街”:罪有应得还是侵犯人权?
·滕彪:中共“依法治国”的画皮
·What will this crackdown on activists do to China’s nascent civil soc
·浦志强、滕彪:李保华诉周国平名誉权纠纷案代理词
·The most dangerous job in law
·关于撤销《黑龙江省垦区条例》的建议
·Selective Blindness over China and Huamn Rights
·中共体制是一个不定时的炸弹/VOA
·滕彪在伦敦闹市被打劫
·「西方學者自我審查問題嚴重」/BBC
·CHINA'S LONG ROAD TO DEATH PENALTY REFORM
·Blood, Justice and Corruption: Why the Chinese Love Their Death Penalt
·完善我国宪法人权保护条款的建议
·计生基本国策是完全错误的
·死刑作為政治籌碼
·Human Rights Advocates Vanish as China Intensifies Crackdown/NYT
·学者滕彪等人探望基督徒母亲被殴打/RFA
·‘Did We Stand on the Side of Tank Man?’
·The Quest to Save the World's Scholars From Persecution and Death
·北京准备出手整肃海内外NGO与学术界
·时事大家谈:中国新国安法,党国不分?
·Comments on the draft law on Foreign NGO Management
·评《境外非政府组织管理法》和《国家安全法》草案
·《回到革命》亮相香港书展
·China is moving toward a new totalitarianism
·Uncivil/ The Economist
·《回到革命》编选说明、封面设计说明
·习近平为何清洗人权律师
·Why Xi Jinping is Purging China’s Human Rights Lawyers
·CCP party has an exaggerated fear of a color revolution
·維權律師享受和集權者鬥爭樂趣
·Toast at the Stateless Breakfast
·"China é responsável por 90% das execuções mundiais"
·敗訴多於勝訴的名律師(上)
·敗訴多於勝訴的名律師(下)
·China's international relations at a time of rising rule of law challe
·Seven Chinese activists wrote to the Dutch King
·七名中国民主人士致信荷兰国王
·專訪維權律師滕彪對中國法治人權的解讀
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The use of Citizens Documentary in Chinese Civil Rights Movements


   http://interlocals.net/?q=node/361
   
   Teng Biao
   

   
   Village officials sold village land without disclosing records and accounting details, resulting in vigorous campaigns among the villagers. With the help from the lawyers, journalists, and scholars, villagers go against and denounce the officials. In 2005, the Taishi incident in Panyu, Guangdong, became one of the famous cases of the Chinese Civil Rights Movement. Ai Xiaoming’s documentary, "Taishi" recorded the event. Lawyers were beaten, villagers were arrested, and the whole village was enveloped in an atmosphere of terror. The last scene of the documentary showed filmmaker being beaten in containment by a group of unidentified gangs. In horror, with her car door broken, she called for help. The producer then added the following subtitle: "During the shooting process, I found that many agencies have video cameras, I think the villagers should have a video camera of their own.”
   
   Along with China's development into an economic society, issues on human rights violation from the repressive political system have increasingly aroused a feeling of resentment and resistance among the people. Post-totalitarian political system can no longer meet people's growing awareness of rights and their quest for freedom and democracy. The phenomenon can be seen as one of the principal contradictions in today’s Chinese society. Under this context, the Chinese Civil Rights Movement came into being. The internet has not only significantly increased the speed and widespread penetration for civil movements, but also changed their nature, from text to photographs, from images to videos, from traditional media to citizen journalists, from one-way flow of information to interaction. This process meets with the development pattern for communications and of social movements, while Documentary plays a highly visible role in the Chinese Citizen Campaigns.
   
   I have been involved in some civil rights cases as a human rights lawyer, which left me with a very strong feeling, that is, China has no independent judiciary system, nor does it has an independent media. Therefore, the only hope lies on a few means, including the use of unofficial media to spread the truth, and to resorting to public opinion and moral strength. Obviously, the intuitive nature of Documentary, with images and characters, is most straightforward for people to understand, sympathize, and to achieve powerful impact. Documentary can sometimes amplify the voices of those involved, develop the progress of the event itself, and even become the most critical turning point of a public event.
   
   One kind of Documentary is the direct record of a particular case or event, such as Ai Weiwei's work, "Mom Ti Hua". It recorded all the experiences Ai Weiwei, as a court witnesses, encountered in Chengdu right before the Tan Zuoren trial. The release of "Mom Ti Hua” aroused a large number of views and spreads on the network, making it an enormous contribution to the attention and mobilization for the Tan Zuoren case. Even after introducing the documentary, "civil investigation" which talked about Tan Zuoren and other volunteers’ investigation of the Sichuan earthquake, Professor Ai Xiaoming moved on to launch the “Why Are the Flowers So Red", which recorded Ai Weiwei's investigation work after the earthquake and the making of “Mom Ti Hua”.
   
   The Yang Jia case that happened before the Olympics had caused a great shock to the people, especially among Internet users in China. The impact was no less than the Sun Zhigang case in 2003. "An unsocial person" revealed all the truth of the Yang Jia case that was unknown to the outside world. Yang Jia case to Ai Weiwei was just like the Taishi Village case to Ai Xiaoming: both contributed to a certain change in two important public intellectuals one from the south and the other from the north. They both make use of their own actions and documentary works to become prominent figures in the Chinese Civil Rights Movement.
   
   Ai Weiwei's "Good Life" is the story of Feng zhenghu’s difficult experience of fighting for the right to go home. Feng Zhenghu waited for 92 days in the Narita Airport in Japan before he could go home, making him a legendary figure of the Civil Rights Movement. Visitors from Shanghai went to rescue, weaving flags to support, twitter users showed concern and gave long-term support. Finally, Feng Zhenghu could return home. The incident greatly encouraged the strength among the citizens in their difficult struggles for civil rights. In 2006 and 2007, Professor Ai Xiaoming took great risk to complete two documentaries, the "Central Chronicle" and the "Loving care”. They captured the suffering villagers with HIV in Henan and Hebei Province and their struggles in the hard process of appealing their cases. Ai Xiaoming said, "Every time I film I will eventually fall into direct conflict with the local government." The local government named her as the "reactionary professor" and forbid villagers from interviewed by her. In addition, her work, "The train bound for home" illustrates the story of migrant workers returning home from Guangdong for the Spring Festival, while "the NPC legislation" focuses on the lives of local based activists. These works have also documented the formation and effort of civil society organizations at grassroots level, while the works are themselves part of this effort.
   
   Independent film maker, Ho Yang's "Hanging photo door” talks about how human rights lawyers, Tang ji Tian and Liu Wei were suspended by the Beijing Bureau of Justice for their licenses. His another documentary, "Emergency shelter” narrates the persecution of human rights lawyer Ni Yulan. During the process for helping those evicted from home, Ni was beaten to cripple, followed by falsely accusation of "Crime of Interference" for assaulting police officer. She was sentenced for 2 years. Her house was demolished in an act of retaliatory when she was released, forcing her to stay on street and set up tent in the "emergency shelter" corner of the XinHuang Temple Park. Facing the camera, she calmly told her suffering of brutal abuses and tortures over the years. Although, in Documentary's approach, too much narrative and too little scene change will affect visual appearance, the story of Ni itself is powerful enough to make up for the deficiency. The case of Ni Yulan was reported some years ago but did not cause too much attention until the release of Ho Yang's documentary. The documentary has taken the case to transmit through the internet, twitter, weibo, where thousands of people forwarded the story, making it a common concern among the public. The guard, Xiao Wei, and the others that involved in the prosecution of Ni Yulan were then strongly condemned by netizens. Many people also sent donations and goods to the "emergency shelter" to show support for Ni. During the "616" Dragon Boat Festival, netizens organized a Summer night party to show solidarity in supporting Ni Yulan. Police then detained Ni to the police station. The netizens set up tents outside the police station to stage protest. On June 27, the "Southern People Weekly" reported the case of Ni Yulan and the protest of the ‘crowd’ outside the police station. The report further encouraged the situation of the case of Ni Yulan. Undoubtedly, Documentary has played a crucial role in all the civil actions around this event.
   
   Another type of Documentary is the direct involvement and recording in civil actions. One example is the vigorous civil actions during the "Fujian three users case". In June/July 2009, due to uploading relevant videos of the "Yan Xiaoling case" on the internet, Fan Yanqiong, Yu Jing Yu, and Wu Huaying were accused of Libel. They were then detent, charged and convicted. The incident caused continuous concerns and strong protests among the netizens. There were several spectator operations before and after the trial, sentencing and the imprisonment. Every time, people used hand-held DV, mobile phones, cameras or professional video cameras to record. Together, they simultaneously transmitted the sound and images to twitter, microblogging and other social networking sites. Some of them combined materials online and offline to produce documentaries later on, so that whether the detail of the site condition, or the causes and effects of the case, were fully presented to the public. The documentary, "Let the citizens and justice shine brighter than the sun" recorded the situation before the court case on “3•19”. The large numbers of crowds speculating, their enthusiasm and orderly organization on the judgment-day on "4 • 16" was itself worthy to write about. The “Fujian three users case” was different from the Waste Incineration field incident in Panyu, or the Xiamen PX case. The protests among netizens in the “Fujian three users case” were not directly related to their own interests. Rather, it was about their shared and apparent political demands for freedom of speech. There are different versions of the "4 • 16" documentary spreading on the net, including a fragrance version, a revised version, and the Xiao-fan version. While Ho Yang’s full footage version of the case is still in the process of production.

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