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郭国汀律师专栏
·只有思想言论信仰结社出版新闻舆论的真正自由能够救中国!
· 南郭:自由万岁!新年好!
·志当存高远-我的理想与追求
·我的知识结构与思想
·人生 道德 灵魂/南郭
·男子汉的眼泪/郭国汀
·相信生命—郭國汀律師印象
·南郭点评
·Racism is the biggest enemy of Justice and equality
·The Essence Distinguish Between Marx and Lenin on the Dictatorship of
·Race Politic as the Enemy of Justice and Equality
·The Great Leap Famine: Natural Disaster or Political disaster or Murde
·Homosexuality: a legal or moral problem?
·1958-1962年中国历史上最具毁灭性的大灾难
·马恩列无产阶级专政研究手稿/郭国汀
·郭国汀:穷大律师与亿万富翁
·政治体制改革的实质与根本要件/郭国汀編译手稿
·台湾自由宪政民主之路/郭国汀编译
·Terrorism and state terrorism studying
·The Truth of Chinese Economic development studying by Thomas Guoting G
·Comparing Analysis of Marx and Lenin’s Theory on the Dictatorship of
·China overtake the USA becoming an economic superpower??? by Thomas G
·人性论:人性本恶或人性本善? 郭国汀
·《诗经》英译(精选)/郭国汀編译
·Running build up a sound man
·An top important massage sent by the Holy Spirit
·My special experience help me build up my faith to the God
·I saw five ghosts when I was eighteen
·My adventure in this wonderful world
·My cross road as the first Chinese human rights lawyers who has lost h
·Does Xi in nature(evil) is same as Hu?
·Art, painting, and Civilization by Thomas G Guo
·A great teacher on our time ?
·What kind of characteristic I have ?
·郭国汀律师业绩简介
·Guo's fighting for freedom and Justice will certify that "Freedom is n
·What Human rights lawyer Thomas G Guo had done and why he received suc
·中共在抗战期通日敌打国军卖国史实考证/郭国汀
·I always tears stopless without crying, am I still a genuine man???
·My sixty year struggle for freedom and justice
·My appreciation to all professors in the Uvic and friends in the world
·Is Thomas Guoting Guo really a great teacher on our time ?
·My sixty years struggle for freedom and justice II
·孙文和蒋介石与苏俄党国体制的原则性区别
·Probably the Last idealist of Chinese lawyer?
·What looks like Mr. Thomas G Guo in my eyes
·a virtues, righteous, wisdom, and courage,and distinguished lawyer
·郭国汀律师:法轮圣徒瞿延来为何令南郭敬重?
·专访郭国汀律师(下) :回首不言悔
·郭国汀律师:何谓真正的中国人权律师?
·My sixty years struggle for freedom and justice III
·思想、言论、出版、舆论、新闻的真正自由
·民族败类!你是否中国人?
·思想言论自由的理由
·思想言论出版新闻自由的价值
·律师的文学功底
·最高法院的院长们为何对郭国汀极为反感?
·反了你! 竟敢不尊敬我大法官!
·Critical analysis on the Chinese Communist Party’s Regime by Thomas
·马克思研究手稿/郭国汀
·大师大哲论勇气 /郭国汀译
·任何欲与郭律师公开辩论者敬请公示真名实姓
·天才的古代中国/郭国汀編译手稿
·The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution studying by Thomas Guoting G
·关于内因与外因关系的争论
·Canadian Indigenous people’s right of self-determination and sovereig
·世界思想大哲论暴政----反抗专制暴政是天赋人权
·My forty years struggle for freedom and justice IV
·Human rights lawyer Pu Zhiqiang
·A holy man or a moral man?
·He is a genuine hero and the hope of China!
·The first Chinese human rights lawyer was killed by the CCP regime
·you are not only a upright man, but also a heroic brave fighter!
·I will never give up my life duty and mission!
·Injustice as the root of terrorism: Social political and economic fact
·Why we much anti-communist party of China regime?
·My Forty years struggle for Freedom and Justice V
·Why we must anti-communist party of China regime?
·Does Judicial Activism damaged the Democracy in Canada?
·谁是中国首任民选总统?
·我的自由真实的心声
·人权律师是伟大的律师也是政治家的摇蓝
·胡捣鼓的人渣or令人敬佩的民主战士?
·郭国汀:男子汉的眼泪
·法律人的冷漠与自私是人权律师惨遭迫害的根源之一
·敬请习近平当局立即停止黑客攻击天易网,停止删改吾之政论!
·19世纪西方堀起超越东方(中华文明)的基础
·郭律师致全体中国民运同道朋友们的公开信
· On the Great Proletariat Revolution
·毛泽东是伟人还是流氓才子厚黑阴谋权术黑道枭雄?!
·What reasons cause the communist regime collapse?
·Who and what are you?
·古代中国风情录
·郭律师致陈尔晋和徐水良的秘函
·狱中作家委员会关于网络作家黄金秋(清水君)被判重刑的声明
·网络作家黄金秋被判重刑 郭律师质疑法律依据
·Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary
·郭律师与陈尔晋就袁伟时与孙文之争议辩论
·郭律师点评孙文蒋中正国民党与毛共
·谁应当承担人权律师李春富,谢阳受酷刑的罪责?
·中共胡锦涛/习近平政权滥施酷刑研究报告
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《民族英雄蒋介石》59、上海“一二八”抗战

   《民族英雄蒋介石》59、上海“一二八”抗战

   

   郭国汀

   

   

   

   1932年1月汪精卫、蒋介石重新执撑南京政府大权。同时,在上海五名日本人包括一名和尚在国际区被一群中国人痛殴,致两人重伤,一人死亡。日本领事将此事在日本社区披露,使本来已紧张的中日关系犹如火上浇油。随后两家日本人的沙厂打死两名中国警察,2000余名日本人冲上上海街头乱砸商店、公交车和行人,上海市长吴铁城经请示南京后,正式向日本政府道歉,并承诺陪偿。但这一切并不能阻止关东军的计划。原来该袭击日本人事件是日军塔那卡(TanakaRyukichi)少校用2万元雇佣中国流氓袭击日本和尚故意挑起事端,[1]旨在为满洲国成立引开国际社会的注意力。

   

   1932年1月28日美国纽约时报记者Abend登日本军舰采访,日军舰长说:“尽管吴铁城市长作出了道歉,他仍然决定海军陆战队登陆保护无助的侨民”。记者转告宋子文和美国总领事,但他们都不相信。当晚11点零5分,日本人开火,闸北街头日军用机枪扫射。当晚许多西方人旁观,认为日本人正式教训狂妄自大的中国人。是中国人应得的。7点日本飞机盘旋天空,随后开始投炸弹,这是世界上首个飞机攻击在城市中不设防的平民的战例。四天后,日本海军上将Shiozawa接受美国记者采访时说“纽约时报称他为‘杀婴者’,他应当投掷500磅的炸弹取代30磅的炸弹。”[2]

   

   第19路军被孙科从福建围剿红军前线调回上海打响了抗击日本的第一枪,青帮的人也参加抗日突击,杜月笙任老板之一的中国最大的报纸《申报》成为抗日喉舌,中国军队奋起反抗,打得英勇顽强。战斗打响时,蒋介石在南京还没有正式就职。蒋介石指令经德国军事训练和装备的第五军第87师和第88师及上海财政保卫队投入战斗,对外则统一宣称是第19路军抗战,以避开两国交战之嫌,因19路军并非蒋介石的嫡系部队。

   

   日军攻击开始时,美国国务卿H建议与英国采取联合行动,制止日本扩大事端,但伦敦反应冷淡,国联亦无能为力。上海之战中方投入军力63000人,约4600至6080人战死,另10000人失踪;日军投入47000人;日本领事提供的日方死亡人数仅385人,另约2000人负伤。上海至少500000人逃难,经济损失15亿元;12000间居民楼被毁,约4000个商店,600家工厂,200个学校和5所大学院校被毁。几十万人失业,陆上交通中断,铁路线切断。贸易受损,税收损失惨重。[3]

   

   1932年3月3日停火谈判,英美皆参加,日本强硬坚持中国城市非军事化,而日军可保留在上海,日军舰可航行上海,蒋介石认为这太过份。一位朝鲜移民在上海庆祝日本天皇生日庆典上用炸弹炸死日本驻上海协会主席,炸断日本谈判部长的腿,驻上海日军司令一个月后死亡。谈判继续,最终达成照顾双方面子的协议,日军答应四个星期内撤军,中方改派警察驻市区。

   

   [1] North China Herald, Shanghai,4Nov 1935.

   

   [2]Jonathan Fenby,Chiang Kai Shek, China’s Senoralissino and the Nation He Lost (Carroll &Craf Publishers New York, 2004) P.209.

   

   [3] Jonathan Fenby, Chiang Kai Shek,China’s Senoralissino and the Nation He Lost (Carroll & Craf Publishers NewYork, 2004) P.214.

(2011/11/22 发表)

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