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大哲大师大思想家大政治家论宗教上帝

大哲大师大思想家大政治家论宗教上帝

   郭国汀编译

   南郭点评:中共极权暴政长期对全体国人强制洗脑,结果造成众多对宗教心灵灵魂信仰极度无知的唯物无神论者。甚至不少著名文化人和民运人士,也成为自大狂妄的唯物无神论者。然而中外古今无数大哲大科学家大思想家大政治家信仰上帝和神的事实,充分证明唯物无神论才是真正的愚昧!

   1圣经说:“上帝即是爱。任何人活在爱中即是活在上帝怀抱中,上帝也活在爱的人中”。

   God is love. Whoever lives in love lives in God, and God in him." (1 John 4:16)

   2美国开国总统华盛顿在离职演讲中说道:“所有导致政治兴盛的性质和习惯之因素,宗教和道德是不可或缺的其 中支柱。如果某人企图推翻这些,而认为人类仍能获得伟大和快乐的支柱,那么这人自称爱国是徒然的......。我们必须小心,不要耽迷于某种以为离了宗教和道德还能维持的假设里面。”

   Of all the dispositions and habits, which lead to political prosperity, Religion and Morality are indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute of Patriotism, who should labor to subvert these great pillars of human happiness, these firmest props of the duties of Men and Citizens......And let us with caution indulge the supposition, that morality can be maintained without religion.

   

   3美国革命之父亚当斯说过:“最好的宪法,最好的法律,也不能保证给普遍败坏的人带 来自由和幸福。” 实乃至理名言,只需对照当今中共极权暴政下的社会现实,便可知宗教信仰的神奇力量。

    Neither the wisest constitution nor the wisest laws will secure the liberty and happiness of a people whose manners are universally corrupt." -- Essay in the Public Advertiser, 1749, Samuel Adams

   4尼采是西方思想史上最伟大的原创作家、思想家、雄辩者和文学大家之一。他的思想即便在今天,也仍然在顶尖西方思 想家中发扬光大。他说“没有真理,唯有解释”尼采研究专家认 为,他的言论充满华丽的辞藻,很有煽动力,但他的论辩却往往缺乏逻辑的力量。“意志的力量”他强调人应当按照其自然内心的指引,而不应受教会清规的约束,充分发挥已之热情况想象去生活创 造。此种按照自然和人的内心心灵指引行事的说法吾以为是对的。尼采最著名的名言乃是:“上帝死了”!在《幸福科 学》文中,尼采通过一位疯子之口说:“上帝死了。上帝 依然死了。我们杀死了上帝”!然而,病魔缠身的尼采却最终真疯了,而且死于梅毒!

   Nietzsche is definitely one of the most creative writers in the Western tradition.one of the most important and original thinkers in the history of Western thought. he said that there is no truth, only interpretation", Nietzsche found in what he called "the will to power." One must try to affirm one's actual nature through willpower, not try to create some church-made identity which limits one's personal development. As an autonomous being one is not to limit oneself with such destructive emotions, but rather acknowledge one's natural motives and feelings. in The Happy Science, Nietzsche lets the "madman" say: "God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him!"

   5古希腊斯多格派(禁欲主义)创始人芝诺说:“上帝与世界分离;他是世界的灵魂,我们每个人都含有部分神圣的火.所有的事物 都是一个叫做自然的唯一体系中的组成部分;当个体的生命与自然和谐相处时就是好的。在某种意义上, 所有的生命均与自然和谐共处,因为是此种自然规律使之如此;但在另一种意义上,人的生命仅当该个体的意志是朝向那些自然之中的诸目标时才能与自然和谐相 处。美德存在于与自然协调的意志之中”。

   God is not separate from the world; He is the soul of the world, and each of us contains a part of the Divine Fire. All things are parts of one single system, which is called Nature; the individual life is good when it is in harmony with Nature. In one sense, every life is in harmony with Nature, since it is such as Nature’s laws have caused it to be; but in another sense a human life is only in harmony with Nature when the individual will is directed to ends which are among those of Nature. Virtue consists in a will which is in agreement with Nature. (Zeno, founder of Stoicism, 333-262 BC)

   6 德国哲学家莱布尼兹写道:“事物的最终理性必定置身于一个必不可少的物质之中,其 中变化的区别仅存在于其源头;该源头我们称之为上帝……上帝自身乃是该最初的统一 体,或最原始的简单的物质,从中生产出所有的最原初的不可再分解的物质,被造物和源生物”.

   the ultimate reason of things must lie in a necessary substance, in which the differentiation of the changes only exists eminently as in their source; and this is what we call God. .. God alone is the primary Unity, or original simple substance, from which all monads, created and derived, are produced. (Gottfried Leibniz, 1670) (monads :Philosophy An indivisible, impenetrable unit of substance viewed as the basic constituent element of physical reality in the metaphysics of Leibnitz.)

   7哲学大家斯滨诺莎指出:“除了上帝之外没有任何本质能够被承认或想象。依我看任何事物都在上帝之中,所有被造的事物都是 按照具有上帝的无限性质的规律制造的,必然遵循其本质之需”。斯滨诺莎指出:“没有上帝的存在(人们)无法想象任何事物”。

   Except God no substance can be granted or conceived. .. Everything, I say, is in God, and all things which are made, are made by the laws of the infinite nature of God, and necessarily follows from the necessity of his essence. (Benedict de Spinoza, Ethics, 1673)Benedict de Spinoza (1623-1677) – Dutch philosopher, rationalist, and major influence on German idealism – Of Portuguese-Jewish lineage, he’s considered one of the great religious philosophers with works such as Ethica Ordine Geometrico Demonstrata. “Without God nothing can be conceived.” - Benedict de Spinoza (Elwes, R. H. M. The Chief Works of Benedict de Spinoza, Vol. II, Dover Publications, 1951, 60.)

   8印度圣雄甘地认为:“真理本身是永恒的,其它任何事物都是暂时的。说真理就 是上帝远比说上帝即真理更为正确,所有的生命皆来源于一个统一的源泉,叫做安拉,上帝或 Parmeshwara”.

   Truth alone is eternal, everything else is momentary. It is more correct to say that Truth is God, than to say that God is Truth. ... All life comes from the one universal source, call it Allah, God or Parmeshwara. (Mahatma Mohandas K. Gandhi 1869-1948)

   9德国大哲学家康德说:“归纳所有可能的有关上帝的知识对人类而言是不可能的,甚至通过某种真实的(神的)启示也不可能。但是这是一种最有价值的探索,以便发现我们的理性在探索上帝的知 识方面到底能走多远”。

   Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) – German philosopher, scientist, and one of the greatest modern thinkers – Known for powerful works such as Critique of Pure Reason and Critique of Practical Reason. The sum total of all possible knowledge of God is not possible for a human being, not even through a true revelation. But it is one of the worthiest inquiries to see how far our reason can go in the knowledge of God.” - Immanuel Kant (Kant, I. Lectures on Philosophical Theology, Cornell University Press, 1978, 23.)

   10法国思想家芦棱说:“某种智慧的存在,乃是所有事物活跃的原则。人们想必业已绞尽脑汁从所有的常识质疑之,试图证明此种不证自明的真理纯属浪费时间”。

   Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) – French philosopher, political theorist, and primary writer during the Age of Enlightenment in Europe – Known for powerful works such as The Social Contract and Discourse on the Sciences and the Arts. An intelligent being, is the active principle of all things. One must have renounced all common sense to doubt it, and it is a waste of time to try to prove such self evident truth.” - Jean Jacques Rousseau Burgelin, P. La Philosophie de l’ Existance de Jean Jacques Rousseau, Librarie Philosophique J. Vrin., 1973, 407.)

   11英国大法官思想家培根说:“确实,有些哲学家将人的心灵引导致无神论;但是深层的哲学将人类的心灵带领至宗教:因为当人的 心灵寻找分散的第二原因时,它有时会停留在该原因上而不再前 进;便当它看到 他们的一系列事 物,连合串联在一起时,它必需飞到上帝和神的怀抱”。

   Francis Bacon (1561-1626) – English statesman and leader in empirical philosophy – Author of The Advancement of Learning and Novum Organum, foundational works for the modern scientific method. It is true, that a little philosophy inclineth man’s mind to atheism; but depth in philosophy brings about man’s mind to religion: For while the mind of man looketh upon second causes scattered, it may sometimes rest in them, and go no further; but when it beholdeth the chain of them confederate and linked together, it must needs fly to Providence and Deity.” - Sir Francis Bacon (Bacon, F. The Essays of Lord Bacon, Longman & Green, 1875, 64.)

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