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红山文化太阳神之精品

红山文化太阳神之精品


上海涤尘居专项研究者,自由撰稿人沈纯理


   
   太阳神形玉,色淡栗黄略有土褐,长12. 1、宽4.1、厚3.1厘米,重220. 7克,为红山文化。
   在史前该文化时期太阳神的形制都是大同小异。主要特征集中在犄角而变化多样,有独、双、四角、平、圆、尖、翘、折角等等;其形态分为:片形、扁厚、半圆与立体状;其形制由拟神化(基本制式)逐步发展为拟人化,拟神多抽象拟人却近于形似,随后逐渐演变成祖先崇拜,由此区分出早、中、晚各时期的形制,从而才能区别于“后红山”的存在。此器属于红山晚期太阳神之精品,外行者还意为是传说中的“雷公”像呢。

   器物正面为拟人化的太阳神,头顶有圆片形翘角,并带有开口孔,面部五官为男性尊者,大头小身作抚膝蹲坐状,两手臂与身体间各有圆孔,双足并趾间仍有圆孔,想必是起到固定的作用。器物背面的头部为复合式凸弧状的猪龙首,系孔恰巧安排在其中,肩背部还有一对收敛着的翅膀,成为拟人的羽化之神的图腾象征,最下部似是尾羽。该制作规整而极其精细,整器泛有亚光质,原已被打磨过。
   以沁色作为鉴定手段是我传统派的独门绝技。沁色不外乎内沁、外沁与内外沁三种形式,该器出自干坑受内沁者,在其左侧却留下次生色,品相犹如新物一样。数年前观此器物的色质为梗性,今见到氧化后已趋于糯、熟通彻,仅此活(态)性指标即足以证实为真品。对此确认的难度,只有少数人掌握的技能才能予以鉴别。

迄今为止可以负责任地讲:这是我所见到红山文化中最为精致的一件藏品!

   
   为2008中国(上海)艺术品藏交会展品撰文
   岁次公元2008年10月8日
   (正文共575字)
   原刊于2008年10月22日,国家文物局主管的《中国文物报》总1667期,“收藏鉴赏”周刊第244期,第八版“大观”。
   网址http://www.ccrnews.com.cn/
   网页http://www.ccrnews.com.cn/100018/
   网文http://www.ccrnews.com.cn/100018/100020/20583.html
   
   附件(英译文):
   The Jade Curio of Sun God in Hongshan Culture (c.4000-3000 BC)
   
   The jade of Sun God in human figure-shaped the color of bluish and yellowish green with a light brown suffusion. L: 12.1cm, W: 4.1cm, T: 3.1cm, Weight: 220.7g.
   
   The figures of Sun God in Neolithic period are similar as well, but some are changeable in their shapes of horn, such as sole, couple, double couple and flat, round, stick up, bend and etc… And in the forms, there are thin pieces, thick pieces, half round and stereo. The appearances also have changed from godlike to god-humanlike and to humanlike, then step to the ancestor worship. According to the above mentioned you may distinguish between the periods of early, middle and late and also make the clear of the general reference. This typical one is the jade curio in the late period of Hongshan Culture.
   
   The front of the figure is a humanlike Sun God, above his head there are two horns in the form of round piece and with a small hole. Respected gentleman face, big head, unsuitable body in squatted position with hands on the knees. There are the holes on elbows and toe. On the back, opposite the head there is a compound relief of pig-dragon, below is a couple of closed wings. As the totem of the humanlike Sun God this product was made in formally, nicely and smoothly.
   
   According the infiltration and oozing color to determine the excavated jade is one of the best methods for the Tradition Group. There are inner, surface and inner-surface infiltration available, this product look like the new one because it is taken inner infiltration, and also have the suffusion on the right side of the figure. After a few years deposit it become polished, well done and translucent naturally, the active changed elements have been shown on the real one only. So far as I know, this product is the best one that I have ever seen in Hongshan Culture.
   
   2008 China (Shanghai) Art and Handcraft Collection and Trade ( Oct. 8th-10th 2008)
   Mainland China handset,
   Contact method:13801764239
   E mail: [email protected]
   Chinese Author- Chunli Shen
   English version - Edward D. H. Wu
   Sept. 17th 2008 in Shanghai
(2010/03/26 发表)

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