太阳神形玉，色淡栗黄略有土褐，长12. 1、宽4.1、厚3.1厘米，重220. 7克，为红山文化。
The Jade Curio of Sun God in Hongshan Culture (c.4000-3000 BC)
The jade of Sun God in human figure-shaped the color of bluish and yellowish green with a light brown suffusion. L: 12.1cm, W: 4.1cm, T: 3.1cm, Weight: 220.7g.
The figures of Sun God in Neolithic period are similar as well, but some are changeable in their shapes of horn, such as sole, couple, double couple and flat, round, stick up, bend and etc… And in the forms, there are thin pieces, thick pieces, half round and stereo. The appearances also have changed from godlike to god-humanlike and to humanlike, then step to the ancestor worship. According to the above mentioned you may distinguish between the periods of early, middle and late and also make the clear of the general reference. This typical one is the jade curio in the late period of Hongshan Culture.
The front of the figure is a humanlike Sun God, above his head there are two horns in the form of round piece and with a small hole. Respected gentleman face, big head, unsuitable body in squatted position with hands on the knees. There are the holes on elbows and toe. On the back, opposite the head there is a compound relief of pig-dragon, below is a couple of closed wings. As the totem of the humanlike Sun God this product was made in formally, nicely and smoothly.
According the infiltration and oozing color to determine the excavated jade is one of the best methods for the Tradition Group. There are inner, surface and inner-surface infiltration available, this product look like the new one because it is taken inner infiltration, and also have the suffusion on the right side of the figure. After a few years deposit it become polished, well done and translucent naturally, the active changed elements have been shown on the real one only. So far as I know, this product is the best one that I have ever seen in Hongshan Culture.
2008 China (Shanghai) Art and Handcraft Collection and Trade ( Oct. 8th-10th 2008)
Mainland China handset,
E mail: [email protected]
Chinese Author- Chunli Shen
English version - Edward D. H. Wu
Sept. 17th 2008 in Shanghai