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宗教是统治阶级麻醉人民的鸦片吗?

   宗教是统治阶级麻醉人民的鸦片吗?
   
   最暴虐无道的政府!/南郭
   
   宗教信仰有深厚的道德伦理基础,也根植于对超自然力量的敬畏.宗教的本质决非所谓 “人民的精神鸦片”,而是对生命的来源与去向的深入研究,是对生命意义的体认.真正的宗教家,必定真善、慈仁、博大、宽恕.现实痛苦往往会使人想出世,春风得意者则只想入世.一个民族没有信仰是非常可怕的,道德伦丧,世风日下的根源在此.生命是一条永恒的河流,生命是一段美丽的过程,生命是一种轮回,人的生命则肯定是一种永恒的轮回,永恒的创造.珍惜生命,享受人生, 爱上帝爱人类爱大自然爱动植物吧,尊重宗教信仰是每个明智的政府应有之义!社会的目的何在?限制人的自由?非也;政府的目的呢,剥夺人的自由?当然否!政治的终级目标无他,实现人的真正自由!世间一切最可贵的正是心灵,灵魂,精神,思想的自由!压制剥夺人们此种自由的政府,无疑是最暴虐无道的政府!

   
   2004年10月5日原载老行者
   
   南郭点评:最近读到马克思关于宗教的相关论述:“宗教的苦难表达的是真实生活中的苦难,同时,也是抗议真实的苦难。宗教是受压迫者的叹息,是无情世界的良心,是缺乏灵性世界中的灵性;宗教是人民的鸦片。。。。。。要求放弃对现实处境的幻想,就是放弃需要幻想的处境本身。”("Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the feelings of a heartless world, just as it is the spirit of unspiritural conditions. It is the opium of the people."
   
   "Man makes religion; religion does not make man. Religion, indeed, is the self-consciousness and the self-feeling of the man who either has not yet found himself, or else(having found himself) has lost himself once more. But man is not an abstract being, squatting down somewhere outside the world. Man is the world of men , the State, society. This State, this society, produce religion, produce a perverted world consciousness, because they are a perverted world . Religion is the generalized theory of this world, its encyclopadic compend, its logic in a popular form...The fight against religion is, therefore, a direct campaign against the world whose spiritual aroma is religion".
   
   "The people cannot be really happy until it has been deprived of illusory happiness by the abolition of religion. The demand that the people should shake itself free of illusion as to its own condition is the demand that it should abandon a condition which needs illusion."
   
   "Thus it is the mission of history, after the other-worldly truth has disappeared, to establish the truth of this world. In the next place, it is the mission of philosophy, having entered into the service of history after the true nature of the reputed sainthood of human self-estrangement has been disclosed, to disclose all the unsaintliness of this self-estrangement. Thus the criticism of heaven is transformed into a criticism of earth, the criticism of religion into a criticism of law, the criticism of theology into a criticism of politics."
   
   "the criticism of religion ends with the doctrine that man is the highest being for man; it ends, that is to say, with the categorical imperative that all conditions must be revolutionized in which man is a debased, an enslaved, an abandoned, a contemptible being... a radical is one who cut at the roots of things. now, for man, the root of things is man himself."
   
   (Karl Marx his life and Work by Otto Ruhle, Translated by Eden and Cedar Paul, The New Home Library New York 1929, PP.57-59.)
   
    从马克思的本意来看,他的宗教论点并无大错,只是不够深刻准确而已。他对宗教的认识其实仅限于宗教的作用层面,而未论及宗教的本质。他认为宗教是良心,是灵性,是鸦片(安慰),是抗议真实的苦难。吾以为宗教的本质乃是:“对生命的来源与去向的深入研究,是对生命意义的体认”真正的宗教家,必定真善、慈仁、博大、宽恕.现实痛苦往往会使人想出世,春风得意者则只想入世.一个民族没有信仰是非常可怕的,道德伦丧,世风日下的根源在此.生命是一条永恒的河流,生命是一段美丽的过程,生命是一种轮回,人生是一段旅行。人的生命则肯定是一种永恒的轮回,永恒的创造.
   
   然而中共则故意断章取义曲解马克思至为明显的本意,反复向天真无知的青少年灌输“宗教是统治阶级麻醉人民的鸦片”误导性荒谬见解,以至当今国人无知到闻宗教即不屑一顾,自命为正宗科学传人。
   
   世界顶级科学大家牛顿及爱因斯坦皆乃虔诚的基督教信徒。“宗教没有科学是肓目的,科学没有宗教是跛足的”(爱因斯坦语)。吾以为宗教是民众道德的坚实基础,因为所有正教皆提倡人们诚信做好人行善事施博爱;提倡宗教信仰的民族社会国家往往民风纯朴,道德风尚良好,人们多诚实善良。因为人的精神心灵生活之重要性决不亚于物质生活之于人生;中外古今成千上万虔诚的精神信仰者为捍卫信仰自由权抛头洒血义无反顾甘于牺牲便是明证。中共治下的大陆之所以道德败坏,欺诈甚行,世风日下其中最重要的原因正是严禁民众宗教信仰所致。正是在此意义上我曾反复强调法轮功精神运动的兴起,是中华文明道德复苏的希望,是中华民族复兴的希望。
   
   

此文于2008年12月08日做了修改

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